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Conclusions

The scientific investigation into the shaping of spatial relations in a society can be seen as an important thematic field for holistic study of social, cultural, economic, and political matters, research that is generated by a spatially grounded perspective without ensnarement in natural or spatial determinism. With the recognition of the importance of society’s spatiality, sociospatial conditions will identifiably become a part of the social sphere. For example, they will indicate the fundamental conditions for establishing social relations over distance, which are currently enabling many social actors to sustainably shape socialization and power without being physically copresent.

The dissolution of former principles of sociospatial conditions and the revolutionary establishment of new ones are resulting in new social arrangements and issues. As an already apparent reaction to this situation, there is a new (and highly problematic) tendency to address these changes by relying on well-known structural principles and established interpretational frameworks, such as the increasing nationalization of European or global issues. Yet continued deterioration in spatio- temporal conditions limits the potential success of such territorial solutions. In essence they can, hypothetically, be seen as attempts to illustrate how conventional conceptions of the world, regarded as the all-embracing, ingrained, and only possible interpretation, are eventually adapted to newly established spatiotemporal constellations. However, these constellations lay the claim for applying national or territorial logics of societal coexistence to increasingly deterritorialized living conditions rather than simply territorially regulating them.

One of the most important contemporary tasks in social and cultural studies is the establishment of and elaboration on new conceptions of the world that bring about not only the sociocultural spheres but also the attendant political and everyday frameworks. This endeavor, however, also implies the uncoupling from traditional and trusted conventions. Thus, the first and foremost goal is to dismantle and discard ideas and understandings of container space and to spatialize social and cultural realities as the basic principles of world conceptualizations that have been all-encompassing for several centuries. It is not to promote practice-centered views and illustrate how actors relate to the world with and within the conventions of their actions.

Relating to this shift in perception, other urgent issues such as sustainability and the evaluation of human activities involving ecological questions will also have to be renegotiated. Besides the consideration of social issues, the matter of decontainerization will be essential to this process. In this respect, the nomenclature and concepts of space and place and of nature and landscape cannot be regarded as logically separable or independent.

 
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