1. This chapter is based on research undertaken for Defra and the Scottish Government, and the usual disclaimers apply. The contact is Alan Renwick, Land Economy and Environment Research, Scottish Agricultural College, Rural Policy Centre, United Kingdom (
2. Although these regulations were originally covered under Article 69 and are referred to as such in this paper, they will now be dealt with under Article 68, following the CAP Health Check in 2009.
3. More information on the IDEMA project can be found at www.sli.lu.se/idema/idemahome. asp.
4. Full details of the model can be found in Annex I of Renwick et al. (2008).
5. The CAPRI model is widely used and well documented and details of the methodology of the model including the underlying assumptions can be found at
6. NUTS is an abbreviation of Nomenclature of Units for Territorial Statistics, a hierarchical system of administrative regions used by Eurostat. The size of regions at each NUTS level differs by member state. In England, for example, NUTS 1 regions correspond to each of nine Government Office Regions, while Bulgaria has only two NUTS 1 regions.
7. It should again be noted that research was undertaken before the CAP Health Check.
8. Fuller results can be found in Renwick et al. (2008).
9. EU10 refers to the ten countries which joined the European Union in 2004.