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Home arrow Economics arrow Disaggregated impacts of CAP reforms : proceedings of an OECD workshop.


What has been achieved by 2010?

The post-reform situation is illustrated in Table 8.2. In the beet-growing sector, areas under beet decreased by about 700 000 hectares (ha) between 2005 and 2009. Five countries (Bulgaria, Ireland, Latvia, Portugal and Slovenia) stopped producing sugar beet, while in seven other countries areas were decreased by more than 50% (Finland, Greece, Italy, Lithuania, Portugal, Czech Republic and Slovakia). The number of beet growers was sharply reduced, but losses were partly compensated by higher sugar yields. Similar to the beet-growing sector, beet processors also underwent considerable restructuring. The number of sugar factories was reduced from 188 in 2005 to 106 in 2009. Of importance, the average capacity of an individual factory, a universal measurement of industrial efficiency, has increased.

The reform has stimulated efficient producers to increase production, while due to severe cuts in prices high-cost producers have abandoned sugar production or have consolidated production to achieve efficiency goals.

Table 8.2. Post-reform situation for sugar


2009/10 level

% change compared to 2006/07

EU reference price




EU minimum beet price




Production under quota

Million tonnes




Million tonnes

3.5 — 4



Million tonnes



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