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Coastal management in Australia

ForewordAbout This BookAcknowledgmentsAn Era of ChangeGlobal imperatives for coastal managementGlobal influences on Australian coastal managementGlobal environmental changeSustainable developmentIntegrated resource managementCommunity participationAction in the 1990s: changes to Australian coastal managementAustralia's National Coastal Zone Inquiry, 1993Australian coastal policy, 1995What is the Australian coast?ConclusionUnderstanding Coastal ProcessesThe dynamics of coastal systemsLarge-scale processes and features of the Australian coastTectonicsLithologyClimate and run-offBeach and dune sedimentsTides and currentsWavesSummary regional descriptions of the Australian coastA typology of coasts by LOICZConclusionGlobal change and Australian coastal processesImpact of Quaternary global changes on the Australian coastAustralian case studies of coastal processesRecent sea level changeSouth Australian case studyGeological evidence of former sea levelsConclusionNearshore processes and beachesCase study: Byron Bay to Hastings Point, New South WalesCase study: Adelaide metropolitan beach, South AustraliaCase study: Cable Beach, Western AustraliaConclusionCoastal dunesCoastal dune typesSoil and vegetation development of coastal dunesCase study: The Cooloola Sand MassEstuaries and wetlandsEstuariesGeomorphology of estuariesRiver Row, tides and mixingCase studiesSaltmarshesMangrove coastsHinchinbrook Island mangrovesPort Adelaide River estuary – Barker InletSeagrassesCockbum SoundThe Gulf St VincentGulf of CarpentariaCoral reef coastsReef morphology and reef zonesCase Study: The Great Barrier ReefConclusionCliffs and platformsShore platformsCase study: Cliffs near Robe, South AustraliaCase Study: The Port Campbell coastHuman impact on the Australian coastCoastal impacts from our citiesUrban wastewaterLiving on the edgeCase study: AdelaideNon-metropolitan expansion along the coastConclusionsCatchment to the coastSediment loadConcentration of suspended solids in estuaries and nearshore watersEffects of suspended solids on the marine environmentNutrientsCase study: The Great Barrier Reef LagoonCase study: The River MurrayCommercial use of coastal watersShipping and ballastCommercial fishingAquacultureTourism and recreation pressure on the coastImpacts and challenges for the management of coastal tourismCoastal mining and industry activitiesMining in the coastal zone Types and locations of miningGeneral coastal mining impactsCase study: Sand mining on Fraser Island, QueenslandCoastal industries Types and locationsGeneral coastal industry impactsCase study: Jervoise Bay, Western AustraliaManaging the Australian coastThe need for managementConclusionGovernment roles and responsibilitiesContextCommonwealth responsibilitiesThe development of the Commonwealth Coastal PolicyThe development of the Commonwealth Oceans PolicyState government responsibilitiesThe Tasmanian State Coastal PolicyThe Victorian Coastal Strategy (revised October 2001)The New South Wales Coastal PolicyThe Queensland State Coastal Management PlanThe 'whole of government' state policies comparedLocal government responsibilitiesConclusionCoastal planningNatural processesWater qualityBiodiversityEquity access and community involvementConclusionThe role of the communityThe varied role of community groupsThe community's concernsParticipation, collaboration or management?CoastcareCommunity roles in the new millenniumSustainable coastal management and scientific uncertaintySustainable coastal managementScientific uncertainty in coastal managementConclusionCoastal environmental management systemsCommitments to sustainable management systemsCommitmentCharacteristicsMonitoring changeState of the environment reportingCommunity monitoringMonitoring and managementInformation systemsManagement costs and equityConclusionsManagement of places of high conservation and landscape valueProtected areas on landMarine protected areasTerrestrial protected coastal areasEvaluating and protecting coastal landscape valuesProtected coastal areas and nature-based tourismConclusionFuture Directions for Australian Coastal ManagementThe state of coastal management in AustraliaThe CommonwealthThe statesLocal governmentThe communityIntegrated coastal managementCoastal management for the 21st centuryThe challengeThe responseConclusion