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Cosmopolitan peace

Cosmopolitanism and WarINTRODUCTIONCOSMOPOLITAN JUSTICECOSMOPOLITAN WARJUS POST BELLUM IN THE JUST WAR TRADITIONTHINKING ABOUT PEACE AFTER WARJust Peace v. JustifiedATC PeaceJus Ad Bellum, Jus In Bello, Jus Ex Bello, and Jus Post Bellum: Mapping the RelationshipEnding WarsINTRODUCTIONENDING WARS AND THE QUESTION OF AUTHORITYENDING JUST WARSJust Cause and Reasonable Chance of SuccessProportionalityDiscriminationHow to End an Initially Just War: Suing for Peace, or Surrendering?To Whom is the Duty Owed?ENDING UNJUST WARSEnding an Unjust War: Conditional v. Unconditional SurrenderAcquiring Justifications for Continuing with an Initially Unjust WarCONCLUSIONPeacekeeping and Military OccupationINTRODUCTIONPEACEKEEPINGMILITARY OCCUPATIONJust and Unjust Wars, Just and Unjust OccupationsFrom a Just War To a Just OccupationThe Problem of Innocent CiviliansFrom an Unjust War to an Unjust OccupationFrom an Unjust to a Justified OccupationWhen To Stay, When To LeaveWho Can Occupy? The Problem of Competent AuthorityRights, Competences, and Duties of Occupying ForcesRights and Duties of Occupied PopulationsOn the Duty To Comply with an Unjust Occupier’s DirectivesEngaging with an Unjust Occupier: Cooperation and CollaborationCONCLUSIONPeace AgreementsINTRODUCTIONON THE DUTY TO COMPLY WITH PEACE AGREEMENTSWhat Peace Agreements Do: Declarative, Specifying, and Creative FunctionsComplying with Declarative ClausesComplying with Creative ClausesComplying with Specifying ClausesPEACE AGREEMENTS AND PROCEDURAL JUSTICEThe Question of AuthorityFraud, Corruption, and CoercionCONCLUSIONRestitutionINTRODUCTIONOWNERSHIP, OCCUPANCY, AND SOVEREIGNTY RIGHTSJustifying Ownership, Occupancy, and Sovereignty RightsRestitution: The BasicsRETURNING MOVEABLE PROPERTYRETURNING TERRITORYPOPULATION DISPLACEMENTS: EXPULSIONS AND RETURNSCONCLUSIONReparations, Distribution, and ReconstructionINTRODUCTIONREPARATIONSReparations for What, and How Much?Reparations to Whom?Who Should Pay and Why?A First Cut: The Fault PrincipleFive Complications: Refining the Fault PrincipleA Second Cut: The No-Unjust-Benefit PrincipleMore Comments on Fault and No-Unjust-BenefitTHE RECONSTRUCTION PRINCIPLE: FILLING THE GAPS OF REPARATIONS, BRINGING ABOUT DISTRIBUTIVE JUSTICESetting out the Reconstruction PrincipleReconstruction and Conditional AidWho Owes Reconstruction Duties?PunishmentINTRODUCTIONJUSTIFYING PUNISHMENTExpressivist Punishment: A First CutQualifying the Theory: A Second CutWho May Punish?WAR-RELATED CRIMESWAR CRIMINALSOfficers, Combatants, Leaders, Citizens: The Problem of Participation in War-Related CrimesWar-Related Crimes and the Actus Reus RequirementWar-Related Crimes and the Mens Rea RequirementThree ObjectionsThe Nuremberg DefenceThe Duress ObjectionThe Epistemic ObjectionWHICH PUNISHMENT? IMPRISONMENT, LUSTRATION, AND PUNITIVE SANCTIONSImprisonmentLustrationFinancial Penalties: Punitive Sanctions and ConfiscationWHO SHOULD PUNISH? DEFENDING UNIVERSAL JURISDICTIONUniversal Jurisdiction: A Cosmopolitan ArchipelagoAn Objection to Universal Jurisdiction: The Problem of Domestic Criminal CodesFROM AMNESTIES TO AMNESIA: SACRIFICING PUNITIVE JUSTICE AT THE ALTAR OF PEACE?Defending Amnesties: A First CutExpanding the Defence: A Second CutCONCLUSIONTransitional Foreign AdministrationsINTRODUCTIONMANDATES, TRUSTEESHIP, AND TRANSITIONAL FOREIGN ADMINISTRATIONSJUSTIFYING TRANSITIONAL FOREIGN ADMINISTRATIONTFAs as a Form of OccupationThe Difference a Treaty MakesTFAs as Morally MandatoryConstraining TFAsSome Loose EndsTHE COLONIALISM OBJECTIONCONCLUSIONReconciliationINTRODUCTIONRECONCILIATION AND COSMOPOLITAN JUS POST BELLUMEMOTIONS, POLITICAL MORALITY, AND RECONCILIATIONForgiveness after WarTrust and ReconciliationRESTORATIVE JUSTICE AFTER WAR: THE CASE OF GACACATRUTH AND RECONCILIATION COMMISSIONSSAYING SORRY: APOLOGIES AND REGRETApologies and RegretThe Collective Nature of War-Related CrimesThe Passage of TimeWhy Apologize and Express Regret?For What Ought We To Apologize and Express Regret?On the Duty to Accept ApologiesTwo WorriesCONCLUSIONRemembranceINTRODUCTIONMEMORY AND WAR REMEMBRANCEPAST AND PRESENT: TWO PROBLEMATIC ARGUMENTSGiving the Past its DuePast WrongdoingsPast Benefactors, Present BenefitsStrengthening Community Bonds in the PresentREMEMBRANCE AND THE DUTY TO PROMOTE PEACEJustifying RemembranceThree ObjectionsCONCLUSIONTHE DEPENDENCE V. INDEPENDENCE QUESTIONTHE INDIVIDUAL V. COLLECTIVE QUESTIONTHE JUST PEACE V. JUSTIFIEDatc PEACE QUESTIONTHE COSMOPOLITANISM QUESTIONWorks Cited

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