Organizational Work-Life Policies and Practices
Given the negative impact of work-life conflict on retention-related attitudes and behaviours, it is in an organization’s best interest to implement policies, practices, benefits and procedures aimed at reducing employees’ conflict experiences. Similarly, the positive association between work-life enrichment and retention highlights the importance of having programmes that foster enrichment. Data from the 2014 National Study of the Changing Workforce indicate that many US organizations do offer some form of work- family support and that the availability of such policies is generally increasing (Matos & Galinksy, 2014). This trend is similar in many Scandinavian and Western European countries (e.g., The Netherlands, Austria, Finland, France and the UK), although it remains notably lower in some East European and South European countries (e.g., Romania, Lithuania, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Malta) (Prag & Mills, 2014).
Work-life support policies can be divided into two broad categories: formal and informal benefits. These are discussed next.