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Notes

  • 1 Article 18 of Legislative Decree no.276/2003.
  • 2 Law no. 228, 21 August 2003, reformulating partially articles 600, 601 and 602 of the Penal Code, concerning slavery, servitude and trafficking, and art. 18, see footnote 4.
  • 3 Legislative decree 109, 16 July 2012.
  • 4 Criminalisation of irregular migration was introduced in 2009, as article 10-bis of the Consolidating Act concerning immigration makes ‘illegally entering and staying in Italy’ a criminal offence.
  • 5 See for example the CGIL campaign against racism and undocumented labour: http://no-lavoronero-cgil.it/index-it.htm.

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