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Women's liberation

The 1960s saw a progressive tide that included a second wave of women's rights, often called women's liberation. Betty Friedan wrote The Feminine Mystique (1963) about unfulfilled women in households in the suburbs and helped found the National Organization of Women (NOW) in 1966.

An Equal Rights Amendment (1972) prohibiting discrimination on the basis of gender did not become law because it was ratified by only 35 of the minimum 38 states necessary to make it part of the Constitution.


Question: What was the second wave of women's liberation?

Answer: The second wave focused on equal rights for women in the workplace and home and was supported by author Betty Friedan and the National Organization of Women (NOW).

Medicare, Medicaid, and the 24th Amendment

The most extensive benefit program passed by President Johnson was the Medicare Program (1965), which pays for health care for older people, and the Medicaid Program (1965), which covers health care for poor people. These programs faced diehard opposition from both Republicans and the American Medical Association, but Johnson maneuvered around the foes of government-sponsored medical care to bring coverage to millions of people. This was also part of Johnson's Great Society plan.


Question: What was LBJ's Great Society plan?

Answer: A set of training and social assistance programs designed to lower the poverty rate in the U.S.

Johnson appointed the first black Supreme Court justice and the first black Cabinet member. He guided the ratification of the Twenty-fourth Amendment (1964), which banned the use of a poll tax to limit voting in federal elections. The Immigration and Nationality Act (1965) abolished the national origins qualifications for immigrants and greatly increased the number of new Americans admitted to the country.

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