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Confronting Financialisation

Malcolm Sawyer

Abstract The period since c. 1980 has been as one of financialization, involving the growth of the financial sector, development of a wide range of financial instruments, deregulation and liberalization, the ownership of corporations by financial institutions and the pursuit of ‘shareholder value’, privatization and de-mutualization of the financial sector, etc. Financialization has global reach, but develops at different speeds and forms. Many researchers have pointed to deleterious effects on the economy and society of these processes of financialization, in some contrast to previous mainstream economics research which had portrayed the growth of the financial sector as economically and socially beneficial. The relationships between the growth of the financial sector and economic performance are reviewed. The general conclusion reached is that the financial sector has become ‘too large’. This leads into discussion of de-financialization through the development of alternative financial institutions focused on alternative ownership forms and objectives, and the use of taxation.

M. Sawyer (h)

Leeds University Business School, University of Leeds, Leeds, LS2 9JT, UK © The Author(s) 2016

P. Arestis, M. Sawyer (eds.), Financial Liberalisation, DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-41219-1_2

Keywords Financialization • De-financialization • Economic performance • Alternative financial institutions

JEL Classification G01 • G20 • E42

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