Idea and faunal volunteering
Denise Rall (2006) explored the evolution of the computing team from an early vantage point, namely, the mathematical group that finished the calculations leading to the atomic bomb. The team, without computer hardware, worked on the world’s largest mathematical problem of its day. Instead, Feynman and Frankel’s team at Los Alamos in the United States first relied on scientists’ wives, who volunteered for the project with pencil and paper, then on adding machines powered by the Women’s Army Corps professional female computer operators, and finally, on more advanced calculators run by Special Engineering Detachment specialists (high school graduates with an aptitude for maths) assigned by the US Army. In a few short months the team’s composition and the necessary computational logic were polished and refined to solve the necessary calculations. Rall based her article on Richard Feynman’s eyewitness account, which recounted the growth of a computing team that faced and solved its problems with ad hoc volunteers, while contending with a general lack of resources and equipment failure.
To Chevalier, Le Manq, and Simonet (2011) goes the credit of mounting in France the only SLP-related study anywhere of volunteers who work with horses and sometimes with related equipment and accommodations. These volunteers may engage in grooming horses or caring for ones that are injured. Sometimes they walk them. Though not faunal volunteering in the pure sense, these volunteers may also do ground work or help out in the barn and tack room. Furthermore, they become popular volunteers when they serve as assistant instructors or endeavor to raise money for the establishment. The authors learned that volunteering with horses can lead to a remunerated career in devotee work as a veterinarian, riding instructor, or equine message therapist.