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Survey Findings

Stressors

Findings reveal that the life of Chinese students in the United States has never been easy and they have had to endure multifaceted life stresses. Results indicate that job opportunities, visa, and immigration concerns (M = 4.50, SD = 0.74), academic pressure (M = 4.32, SD = 1.45), language barrier (M = 3.78, SD = 1.10), and culture shock (M = 3.60, SD = 0.99) rank the highest, followed by dating or marriage pressure (M = 3.58, SD = 1.02) and financial concern (M = 3.56, SD = 0.62). Results are presented in Table 5.1.

Coping and Help-Seeking Behaviors

Chinese students prefer to cope with their stress by enduring the problem (M = 3.37, SD = 1.21) or just letting the stress go (M = 3.01, SD = 1.20). When seeking help from others, they primarily turned to their family (M = 2.85, SD = 1.37) or other Chinese students (M = 2.85, SD = 1.11). Going to church for religious comfort (M = 1.55, SD = 1.03) and consulting a counselor or psychologist for professional help (M = 1.31, SD = 0.62) were the last two choices when it comes to dealing with their stress (see Table 5.2).

Table 5.1 Rank order, means, SD of stressors

Rank

Categories

N

M

SD

1

Job opportunities, visa, and immigration concerns

60

4.50

0.74

2

Academic pressure

60

4.32

1.45

3

Language barrier

60

3.78

1.10

4

Culture shock

60

3.60

0.99

5

Dating or marriage pressure

60

3.58

1.02

6

Financial concern

60

3.56

0.62

7

Homesickness and loneliness

60

2.48

1.44

Table 5.2 Rank order, means, SD of coping behavior, and help sources

Rank

Coping strategy

N

M

SD

1

Endurance

60

3.37

1.21

2

Let it go

60

3.01

1.20

3

Friends

60

2.85

1.11

4

Parents

60

2.85

1.37

5

Church

60

1.55

1.03

6

Counselors/psychiatrists

60

1.31

0.62

Rank

Academic concerns

N

M

SD

1

Class interaction

60

3.01

1.71

2

Academic paper writing

60

2.73

1.08

3

Adjusting to the American educational settings

60

2.56

1.15

4

Advisor relations

60

2.51

1.09

5

Understanding lectures

60

2.50

0.94

Table 5.4 Unpaired t-test for differences between social science and engineering students in the level of difficulty of understanding lectures

Major

n

M

SD

Mean diff

t

p

Social science

12

2.83

0.57

0.66

2.58

0.014*

Engineering

24

2.16

0.96

Note: *p < 0.05

Table 5.5 Unpaired t-test for differences between single and married students in the level of difficulty of adjusting to the American educational settings

Marital status

n

M

SD

Mean diff

t

p

Single

41

2.80

1.07

0.75

2.44

0.018*

Married

19

2.05

1.17

Note: *p < 0.05

 
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