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Job Opportunities and Visa Problems

In order to gain the information about students’ future intention of staying in America or returning to China, I asked respondents to rank the possibilities in five different statements on a 5-point scale with 1 being unlikely and 5 very likely. Regarding their future job opportunities, visa problems, and immigration concerns, Chinese students tend to remain in the United States to pursue other life goals after graduation (M = 4.05, SD = 1.12). Most of them view the F1 student visa as a barrier for their future employment in the United States (M = 3.90, SD = 1.14). They are concerned about the fact that their F1 visa will expire and they will have to leave United States, if they are unable to find a job within a year after their graduation (M = 3.30, SD = 1.27). They are more worried about their future job opportunities in the United States (M = 3.2, SD = 1.23) than those available in China (M = 2.13, SD = 1.22) (see Table 5.23).

In terms of their future job opportunities in China, significant difference across length of stay in the United States among subjects is identified (t = 2.23, p = 0.03 < 0.05). Students who have been in the United States more than 4 years are more stressed about their future job opportunities in China (M = 2.72, SD = 2.44) than those students who have been in the United States less than a year (M = 1.83, SD = 0.92) (see Table 5.24).

Table 5.24 Unpaired t-test for differences between students staying in the United States more than 4 years and students less than a year in the severity of future job opportunities in China

Length of stay

n

M

SD

Mean diff

t

P

More than 4 years

18

2.72

2.44

0.88

2.23

0.03*

Less than a year

18

1.83

0.92

Note: *p < 0.05

Table 5.25 Rank order, means, SD of acculturation strategy

Rank

Strategies

N

M

SD

1

Integration

60

4.08

1.09

2

Marginalization

60

2.90

1.39

3

Assimilation

60

2.50

1.09

4

Separation

60

2.25

1.28

 
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