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1 An earlier version of this chapter appeared in a special edition of Pacific-Asia Education entitled “Past, present and future: Conceptualisations of Early Childhood Education in the Pacific-Asian region” (vol. 24, issue 2, 2012).

My chapter in that edition was entitled An overview of early childhood care and education provision in “mainstream” settings, in relation to kaupapa Maori curriculum and policy expectations. We thank the editors of this journal for granting us permission to base this chapter on the article.

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