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A short course of lectures
«Bats in the Anthropocene: Conservation of Bats in a Changing World»

Netting and Associated Tree ManagementPathogen and Parasite ExposureImportance of Bats for Cave EcosytemsProjected Changes in TechnologySalvage LoggingDark Matters: The Effects of Artificial Lighting on BatsZoonotic Viruses and Conservation of BatsNetworking Networks for Global Bat ConservationAgroforestry SystemsIndirect Effect—CullingAustraliaNational and International Initiatives for the Protection of Cave BatsThe Importance of Connectivity and the Maintenance of Existing FlightlinesTaxonomy and International AgreementsWhich Bat Species Use Buildings?Waste WaterExisting Bat Conservation NetworksIndirect Effects: Biased Public PerceptionMitigation StrategiesEffects of Agricultural Intensity on Bat Assemblage Structure, Behavior, and EcologyPest Suppression in the Face of Climate Change, Pesticides, and GM CropsRecommendationsDiscussionEuropeMain Conservation Issues Related to Bat VirusesInventory and Monitoring ProgramsMore Research is Needed to Understand Hunting ImpactsIsraelAustraliaBat VisionCave TourismWater, Roosts and ReproductionConservation in the Era of Molecular PhylogeneticsHabitat Conversion: A Key Aspect of Global ChangeToward a Global Network of NetworksRoost Site ProtectionAustralia and Papua New GuineaThe Problem of “Taxonomic Inflation”Biases in Our Understanding of Responses of Tropical Bats to Habitat AlterationImpacts of Light Pollution on Intraand Inter-specific CompetitionComposition and Estimates of Bat FatalitiesSpatial and Temporal Scale Dependence in Responses to FragmentationPesticide Impacts on Bat PopulationsRecommendationsKnowledge GapsDetermining Hunting Impacts on Bat PopulationsTaxonomy as a Conservation Planning ToolOffshore Wind FacilitiesEffects on Selected Species InteractionsJapanIncidental DisturbanceA Basic Question: What is a Species?The Extent of Feeding by Bats on Fruit Crops and Its ImplicationsConservation ThreatsLife in CavesResponses at the Population and Assemblage LevelThe Growth of Light PollutionAfricaNetworking Networks for Global CoverageCumulative Effects, Extinction Debt and the Importance of ScaleClearcut and Deferment HarvestsDirect Effect: Viruses Killing BatsMauritius and MadagascarLoss of Roosts Due to Demographic Changes in the Human PopulationCommonalities of Existing NetworksUnderstory VegetationTheories of Behavior and Behavioral ChangeThe PacificHabitat FragmentationOver-the-Road Methods: Gantries, Green Bridges, Hop-Overs and Adapted Road/Foot BridgesPreventing the Emergence of New Viral DiseasesLight AvoidancePatterns of Bat FatalityImpacts of Wind Energy Development on Bats: A Global PerspectiveDisease MechanismsBuildings as Foraging SitesSouth AmericaTheoryEncourage Local Researchers and NGO'sChanging Attitudes and Behaviors Toward Bats in the Developing WorldBats in Urban EnvironmentsRestoration of Water Sources and Related HabitatsData Acquisition and Meta-AnalysisThe Issue of Ecosystem Disservices of Bats to Agricultural ProductionExamples of Good PracticeDo We Need a Global Network?Education and Awareness RaisingObservational Studies on Bats at Street LightsEmpirical Attitudes Toward Animals and Factors Affecting ThemConservation of Bat Populations and Population DynamicsUrbanisation and Its Effects on Bats—A Global Meta-AnalysisAppendix. List of Hunted Bat Species Showing Primary Use (Food or Medicine), Summarized by Region and Country. We Followed IUCN Regional ClassificationInsights from Long Term StudiesRecommendations for Conservation of Hunted BatsThinning Young ForestsBat Life HistoryFuture DirectionsPreyIII Human-Bat ConflictsBat Conservation StatusEstimating Hunting Impact from Population DeclinesIncreased Fitness of Bats Using BuildingsUnder-the-Road Methods: Underpasses, Culverts and Other 'Tunnels'Tree PlantationsEdge EffectsListing Species for ProtectionHabitat Improvement and Effective Landscape-Scale PlanningThe Conflict Between Pteropodid Bats and Fruit Growers: Species, Legislation and MitigationRegulated HuntingStructural Characteristics of Effective Conservation Networks: Within Subgroup Cohesion, Across Subgroup Collaboration, Bridging Actors, and Peripheral ActorsKnowledgeSecondary Forests and SuccessionAfricaBackgroundIV Conservation Approaches, Educational and Outreach ProgramsCompensating for Lost RoostsArea and Isolation EffectsPrevious Experience and KnowledgeTemporal PatternsAgriculture and Residual Tree CoverPacific (Oceania)Downsides of Species ListingStatus of P. Destructans/WNS in EuropeLoss of HabitatBats in the Anthropocene: The Conservation of a Nocturnal TaxonHunting Overview by RegionPlantationsDeclines in Cave BatsEnforcement of Hunting ProhibitionInsectivorous Bats and Silviculture: Balancing Timber Production and Bat ConservationThailandDecreased Fitness Owing to Indirect ThreatsQuantifying Impact and Value Across Crops and BiomesForest EdgeDecoy CropsFilling in Biogeographical Knowledge GapsOrigins and ActivitiesRecent InitiativesExample 2: Renovated Buildings Designated for Bat Conservation PurposesFood-Borne Zoonotic Disease Risk from Pteropodid BatsRoadkillAsiaEstimating Extinction Risk and Extinction Rate: The Role of PhylogeneticsAbout This BookStakeholder Engagement and Citizen ScienceThe Barrier EffectTropical Bats in a Changing WorldFilovirusesCapacity Building of Local Rangers/PA ManagersEmpirical ValuesThe Role of the Taxonomist in ConservationFuture DirectionsInterference of Light Pollution with Nocturnal NavigationCounter Measures in Favour of Bat ConservationRegulated HuntingAssessing Attitudes, Values, and NormsIndirect Effect—Killing of Bats for Virus SurveysCave SelectionGenetic ConsequencesCoronavirusesSeasonality and Climate ChangeDeadwood Availability and Hollow Tree DensityEvidence-Based Evaluation of the Effect of Urbanisation on Bats Worldwide Using a Meta-AnalysisHuman Perceptions of Individual SpeciesNorth AmericaConservation PolicyAvoiding or Mitigating Roost Losses in BuildingsArtificial Water SourcesExtractive IndustriesConservation and ManagementVariable Retention HarvestsHabitat Degradation—Light, Noise and Chemical PollutionNetwork Structure and FunctionConservation ResponsesZoonotic Viruses of Bats and Their SpillOverValuesMiningEcosystem Services Provided by Bats in Agricultural SystemsSocial NormsEducation/OutreachWhat We Can Learn from Theories of Network Structure and FunctionEffects of Artificial Light on Physiological HomeostasisRhabdovirusesThe Roles of Taxonomy and Systematics in Bat ConservationI Bats in Anthropogenically Changed LandscapesGroup Selection HarvestsLinking Farm Management, Ecosystem Services, and Landscape-Level ProcessesHigh Versus Lower Levels of UrbanisationBenefits of a Synanthropic Lifestyle in BatsNegative Impacts on Bat Populations and EcosystemsNew Zealand and AustraliaDisease Ecology of WNSResearch PrioritiesAttitudesResearch to Understand How to Protect BatsRailDeterrents/Aversion AgentsExpert OpinionLoggingConservation in PracticeEstimating RiskCan Roads Benefit Bats?Indian SubcontinentEmerging Viral Diseases: Why Bats?AgricultureMature, Large Diameter TreesWhy Bat Hunting is a Conservation ProblemKnowledge Gaps, Future Challenges and Mitigation StrategiesNon-lethal Methods of MitigationHow Do Bats Find and Use Buildings?Sparing, Sharing, and the Devaluation of Manufactured CapitalNorth AmericaNoise, Odor, Dust, and ActivityMulti-spatial Scale Forest ManagementGlossarySoutheast AsiaDecreased Fitness Owing to Direct ThreatsLoss of Sources of WaterBehavioral ResponsesOverview of Bat HuntingExperimental Studies on Bats at Street LightsWater Sources Used by BatsRelationship Between Species and Humans—Cultural Significance and Utility ValueSlope and AspectEducation of Growers and the PublicPrior Attitudes and Values of Wildlife and NatureSynthesis and OutlookBats in the Anthropogenic Matrix:Buildings as Swarming SitesHarmful BatsDestruction of Buildings Caused by Bat ExcretaReview MethodologyChallenges to Network SustainabilityAdaptability of Species to Urban Areas: General Trends, Species-Specific Differences and Future ResearchConservation Management to Mitigate Hunting ImpactsBuildings as HibernaculaCombined Methods of MitigationBats and Buildings: The Conservation of Synanthropic BatsRoad Class and SpeedBenefits of Sharing a Building with BatsNectarivorous Bats and Pollination ServicesBats and RoadsSouth AsiaParamyxovirusesEffects of Light Pollution on Ecosystem Services Provided by BatsProtect Colony Locations at the RoostNegative Impacts on HumansResponses of Tropical Bats to Habitat Fragmentation, Logging, and DeforestationThe Effects of Roads on Bats—Habitat Destruction, Fragmentation, Degradation and Collision MortalityImpediments to Taxonomic ResearchEcology of Bats and Water in Drylands EnvironmentsCute, Creepy, or Crispy—How Values, Attitudes, and Norms Shape Human Behavior Toward BatsOverhunting as a Growing Concern for ConservationRecommendations and Issues for Future ConsiderationBodies of Water as a Foraging HabitatBodies of Water as a Drinking SourceInsectivorous Bats and Pest LimitationHabitat RelationshipsEnvironmental ConservationExpansion of Geographic RangesAsiaControl of Guns, Ammunition, and Other Bat Hunting ToolsTypes of Artificial LightMitigation and RestorationConservation in Principle: Avoidance, Mitigation, Compensation and EnhancementMalaysiaExample 1: The Outreach Program for the “Bat-Friendly House”Buildings as Shelters During Foraging BoutsMitigating Bat MortalityPhylogeny Versus Functional EcologyResponses to Landscape StructureCyprusExploitation of Bats for Bushmeat and MedicineSecondary Effects—Infill and Increased Urban and Industrial DevelopmentFunding Interventions and Research to Mitigate the Pteropodid–Grower ConflictMethodsThe MediterraneanBats in the AnthropoceneBehavior—Local Commitment to Conservation of Bats and Bat HabitatStructure and MembershipWhy Care About Bat Conservation?South America, Central America, and the CaribbeanAfrica and the Indian OceanHarvest Exclusion AreasClimate and Weather VariablesBuildings as Maternity RoostsConservation of Bats in Buildings: Avoidance, Mitigation, and CompensationBats and Water: Anthropogenic Alterations Threaten Global Bat PopulationsTheoryNegative Consequences of a Synanthropic Lifestyle in BatsCumulative ImpactsEuropeHow Hunting Affects BatsSpatial PatternsEducational EffortsBat Responses to Silvicultural TreatmentsComplexity of Bat Habitat NeedsArtificial Hibernacula and Maternity RoostsLegislative Approach to Reducing Pteropodid Damage to CropsConsequences for Humans Sharing Buildings with BatsII Emerging DisesasesSpecies-Specific EffectsDefining Protected AreasThe Biological Effects of Light PollutionWinners and Losers: Light-Tolerant and Light-Averse BatsGeneral Considerations for the Conservation of Bats in BuildingsMeasuring Hunting Mortality RatesInfluence of Cave MicroclimateStrengthening Existing NetworksGeneral PatternsLoggingHuman–Bat Conflict in Buildings and the Legal Protection of Synanthropic BatsFilling Regional Gaps—Establishing New NetworksThe Continuing Age of DiscoveryThreats to Water Sources Used by BatsMajor Forest AreasDevelopment of GatingContrasting the Effects between North and South America and Europe, Asia and Australia Focusing on InsectivoresConservation Ecology of Cave BatsEnhanced Access to Habitats by Using Buildings as Ecological Stepping StonesRecovery Times After Timber HarvestUrban WildlifeBiological Control Agent—Weaver Ants Oecophylla longinodaWhite-Nose Syndrome in BatsFuture Challenges
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