Desktop version

Home arrow Environment arrow Biosafety and the environmental uses of micro-organisms : conference proceedings.

Conclusion

Microalgal commercial-scale cultivation is achievable and superior with regards to biomass productivities to terrestrial crops, showing tremendous potential for the bioremediation of gaseous wastes and polluted waters, whilst affording cost recovery through value-adding co-product development. Simple commercially viable systems exist to produce sufficient biomass today, but a more integrated approach and complete lifecycle analyses still need to be conducted to evaluate large-scale potential environmental implications. The most promising approach to renewable energy and fuel production from microalgae lies in designing an integrated approach for cheap and environmentally/energetically cultivation, dewatering and applying new technologies for the conversion of the complete biomass, such as hydrothermal liquefaction, particularly for the generation of renewable aviation fuel.

References

Adl, S.M., et al. (1995), “Diversity, nomenclature, and taxonomy of protists”, Systematic Biology, No. 56, pp. 684-689.

Alabi, A.O., M. Tampier and E. Bibeau (2009), “Microalgae technologies and processes for biofuels/bioenergy production in British Columbia: Current technology, suitability and barrier to commercial production”, British Columbia Innovation Council.

Alvarez Roa, C. (2012), “Microalgae bioremediation of trace metals commonly found in ash-dam water from Tarong power station: A coal-fired power plant in Qld”, in: School of Marine and Tropical Biology, Vol. Master of Applied Science, James Cook University, Townsville, Australia.

Alvensleben, N.v. (2010), “Salinity tolerance of Picochlorum sp. and the use of salinity to control culture contamination by the freshwater cyanobacterium Pseudanabaena Limnetica”, in: School of Marine and Tropical Biology, Vol. Graduate Diploma of Research Methods, James Cook University, Townsville, Australia.

Archibald, J.M. (2008), “The origin and spread of Eukaryotic photosynthesis: Evolving views in light of genomics”, BotanicaMarina, No. 52, pp. 95-103.

Atkinson, C.J., J.D. Fitzgerald and N.A. Hipps (2010), “Potential mechanisms for achieving agricultural benefits from biochar application to temperate soils: A review”, Plant and Soil, No. 337, pp. 1-18.

Ben-Amotz, A. (2007), “Industrial production of microalgal cell-mass and secondary products - Major industrial species: Dunaliella”, in: Handbook of Microalgal Culture, Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Bird, M.I., et al. (2012), “Algal biochar: Effects and applications”, Global Change Biology Bioenergy, No. 4, pp. 61-69.

Bird, M.I., et al. (2011), “Algal biochar - Production and properties”, Bioresource Technology. No. 102, pp. 1 886-1 891.

Brown, M.R. (2002), “Nutritional value and use of microalgae in aquaculture”, in: L.E. Cruz-Suarez, et al. (eds), Avances En Nutricion Acuicola Vi. Memorias Del Vi Simposium Internacional De Nutricion Acuicola, Cancun, Mexico.

Carvalho, A.P., L.A. Meireles and F.X. Malcata (2006), “Microalgal reactors: A review of enclosed system designs and performances”, Biotechnology Progress, No. 22, pp. 1 490-1 506.

Christaki, E., et al. (2012), “Effect of dietary Spirulina Platensis on milk fatty acid profile of dairy cows”, Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, No. 7, pp. 597-604.

Christenson, L. and R. Sims (2011), “Production and harvesting of microalgae for wastewater treatment, biofuels, and bioproducts”, Biotechnology Advances, No. 29, pp. 686-702.

Cordell, D., J.-O. Drangert and S. White (2009), “The story of phosphorus: Global food security and food for thought”, Global Environmental Change, No. 9, pp. 292-305.

Cribb, J. (2011), The Coming Famine: The Global Food Crisis and What We Can Do to Avoid It, University of California Press, San Diego, CA.

CSIRO (2011), Flightpath to Sustainable Aviation: Towards Establishing a Sustainable Aviation Fuels Industry in Australia and New Zealand, CSIRO.

da Rosa, A.P.C., et al. (2011), “Carbon dioxide fixation by microalgae cultivated in open bioreactors”, Energy Conversion and Management, No. 52, pp. 3 071-3 073.

Delwiche, C.F. (1999), “Tracking the thread of plastid diversity through the tapestry of life”, American Naturalist, No. 1 545, pp. 164-177.

Edwards, M. (2010), “Why might algae resolve public health challenges?”, Algae Industry Magazine.

Ellis, K., et al. (2010), Growth in a Carbon Constrained Global Economy, Overseas Development Institute, London.

Field, C.B., et al. (2012), Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation, Cambridge, UK; New York, NY.

Ghasemi, Y., et al. (2012), “Microalgae biofuel potentials (review)”, Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology, No. 48, pp. 126-144.

Gould, S.B., R.F. Waller and G.I. McFadden (2008), “Plastid evolution”, Annual Review of Plant Biology, No. 59, pp. 491-517.

Graham, L.E., L.W. Wilcox and J.M. Graham (2008), Algae, Benjamin Cummings, London.

Harun, R., et al. (2010), “Bioprocess engineering of microalgae to produce a variety of consumer products”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, No. 14, pp. 1 037-1 047.

Harwood, J.L. and I.A. Guschina (2009), “The versatility of algae and their lipid metabolism”, Biochimie, Vol. 91, Issue 6, pp. 679-684, June.

Heimann, K. (2012), “Gymnodinium and related dinoflagellates”, in: eLS, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester.

Henrard, A.A., M.G. de Morais and J.A.V. Costa (2011), “Vertical tubular photobioreactor for semicontinuous culture of Cyanobium sp.”, Bioresource Technology, No. 102, pp. 4 897-4 900.

Herzog, T. (2009), World Greenhouse Gas Emissions in 2005, Washington.

Hirano, A., et al. (1997), “Co2 fixation and ethanol production with microalgal photosynthesis and intracellular anaerobic fermentation”, Energy, No. 22, pp. 137-142.

Huerlimann, R. and K. Heimann (2012), “Comprehensive guide to acetyl-carboxylase in algae”, Critical Reviews in Biotechnology, Vol. 33, No. 1, pp. 49-65.

Huerlimann, R., R. de Nys and K. Heimann (2010), “Growth, lipid content, productivity, and fatty acid composition of tropical microalgae for scale-up production”, Biotechnology and Bioengineering, No. 107, pp. 245-257.

Jensen, A. (1993), “Present and future needs for algae and algal products”, Hydrobiologia, No. 260-261, pp. 15-23.

Lam, M.K. and K.T. Lee (2012), “Microalgae biofuels: A critical review of issues, problems and the way forward”, Biotechnology Advances, No. 30, pp. 673-690.

Latysheva, N., et al. (2012), “The evolution of nitrogen fixation in cyanobacteria”, Bioinformatics, No. 28, pp. 603-606.

Li, J., et al. (2011), “An economic assessment of astaxanthin production by large scale cultivation of Haematococcus Pluvialis”, Biotechnology Advances, No. 29, pp. 568-574.

Liao, W.J., R. Heijungs and G. Huppes (2011), “Is bioethanol a sustainable energy source? An energy-, exergy-, and emergy-based thermodynamic system analysis”, Renewable Energy, No. 36, pp. 3 479-3 487.

McFadden, G.I. (2011), “The apicoplast”, Protoplasma, No. 248, pp. 641-650.

McGinn, P.J., et al. (2011), “Integration of microalgae cultivation with industrial waste remediation for biofuel and bioenergy production: Opportunities and limitations”, Photosynthesis Research, No. 109, pp. 231-247.

Milledge, J. (2011), “Commercial application of microalgae other than as biofuels: A brief review”, Reviews in Environmental Science and Biotechnology, No. 10, pp. 31-41.

Murphy, C.F. and D.T. Allen (2011), “Energy-water nexus for mass cultivation of algae”, Environmental Science & Technology, No. 45, pp. 5 861-5 868.

Nagase, H., et al. (1997), “Characteristics of biological NOx removal from flue gas in a Dunaliella Tertiolecta culture system”, Journal of Fermentation and Bioengineering, No. 83, pp. 461-465.

Neori, A. (2011), “Green water - Microalgae: The leading sector in world aquaculture”, Journal of AppliedPhycology, No. 23, pp. 143-149.

Owen, N.A., O.R. Inderwildi and D.A. King (2010), “The status of conventional world oil reserves - Hype or cause for concern?”, Energy Policy, No. 38, pp. 4 743-4 749.

Park, J.B.K., R.J. Craggs and A.N. Shilton (2011), “Recycling algae to improve species control and harvest efficiency from a high rate algal pond”, Water Research, No. 45, pp. 6 637-6 649.

Payne, J.L., et al. (2011), “The evolutionary consequences of oxygenic photosynthesis: A body size perspective”, Photosynthesis Research, No. 107, pp. 37-57.

Perales-Vela, H.V., et al. (2006), “Heavy metal detoxification in eukaryotic microalgae”, Chemosphere, No. 64, pp. 1-10.

Pfeiffer, D.A. (2006), Eating Fossil Fuels: Oil, Food, and the Coming Crisis in Agriculture, New Society Publishers, Gabriola Island, Canada.

Radmer, R.J. (1996), “Algal diversity and commercial algal products”, BioScience, No. 46, pp. 263-270.

Simopoulos, A.P. (2002), “The importance of the ratio of omega-6/omega-3 essential fatty acids”, Biomedecine & Pharmacotherapy, No. 56, pp. 365-379.

Singh, N.K. and D.W. Dhar (2011), “Microalgae as second generation biofuel. A

review”, Agronomy for Sustainable Development, No. 31, pp. 605-629.

Sivakumar, G., et al. (2010), “Bioethanol and biodiesel: Alternative liquid fuels for future generations”, Engineering in Life Sciences, No. 10, pp. 8-18.

Sorrell, S., et al. (2009), Global Oil Depletion: An Assessment of the Evidence for a Near-Term Peak in Global Oil Production, UK Energy Research Centre, London.

Spolaore, P., et al. (2006), “Commercial applications of microalgae”, Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering, No. 101, pp. 87-96.

Subhadra, B.G. and M. Edwards (2011), “Coproduct market analysis and water footprint of simulated commercial algal biorefineries”, Applied Energy, No. 88, pp. 3 515-3 523.

United Nations (2004), World Population to 2300, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, United Nations, New York, NY.

Weissman, J.C. and R.P. Goebel (1987), Design and Analysis of Microalgal Open Pond Systems for the Purpose of Producing Fuels, SERI, Fairfield, CA.

Xiong, W., et al. (2008), “High-density fermentation of the microalga Chlorella Protothecoides in bioreactor for microbio-diesel production”, Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, No. 78, pp. 29-36.

Xu, L., et al. (2009), “Microalgal bioreactors: Challenges and opportunities”, Engineering in Life Sciences, No. 9, pp. 178-189.

Zhang, Z., G.B.R. and T. Cavalier-Smith (2000), “Phylogeny of ultra-rapidly evolving dinoflagellate chloroplast genes: A possible common origin for sporozoan and dinoflagellate plastids”, Journal of Molecular Evolution, No. 51, pp. 26-40.

 
Source
< Prev   CONTENTS   Source   Next >