4. See John A. Peterson, "The Impact of Sanitary Reform upon American Urban Planning," in Introduction to Planning History in the United States, Donald A. Krueckeberg, ed., Rutgers University Center for Urban Policy Research, New Brunswick, NJ, 1983, pp. 13-39.
5. For an example of reformist literature on urban housing and living conditions in the nineteenth century, see Jacob Riis, How the Other Half Lives: Studies Among the Tenements of New York, Dover, NY, 1971. First published by Scribner & Sons, New York, 1890.
6. Blake McKelvey, The Urbanization of America, Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, NJ, 1963, p. 120.
7. Mel Scott, American City Planning Since 1890, University of California Press, Berkeley, 1971, p. 131.
8 . For an account of the civic improvement movement, see John A. Peterson, "The City Beautiful Movement: Forgotten Origins and Lost Meanings," in Krueckeberg, Planning History.
9. Charles Mulford Robinson, Modern Civic Art or The City Made Beautiful, 4th edn, G.P Putnam's Sons, New York and London, 1917, p. 1. First edition published in 1903.
10. Robert L. Wrigley Jr., "The Plan of Chicago," in Krueckeberg, Planning History, p. 58.
11. Jon A. Peterson, "The Nation's First Comprehensive City Plan: A Political Analysis of the McMillan Plan for Washington, D.C.," Journal of the American Planning Association, vol. 251, no. 2, June 1985, pp. 134-150.
12. Ibid., p. 70.
13. Scott, American City Planning, p. 194.
14. Ibid., p. 228.
15. Ibid., p. 261.
16. Regional Plan of New York and Its Environs, vol. 1, Committee on the Regional Plan of New York and Its Environs, William F. Fell Co., Printers, Philadelphia, PA, 1929, p. 133.
17. For a contemporary description of regional planning efforts in the 1920s, see John Nolen, "Regional Planning," in City Planning, 2nd edn, John Nolen, ed., D. Appleton & Co., New York, 1929, pp. 472-495.
18. Robert C. Wood, 1400 Governments: The Political Economy of the New York Metropolitan Region, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, 1961. By quasi-government is meant a public body having some of the powers of government. For example, a school district has the power to collect taxes and to issue tax-exempt bonds.
19 . See William H. Wilson, "Moles and Skylarks," in Krueckeberg, Planning History, pp. 88-121. Reprinted from William H. Wilson, Coming of Age: Urban America 19151945, John Wiley, New York, 1974.
20. Ebenezer Howard, Tomorrow: A Peaceful Path to Real Reform in 1898; republished with revisions as Garden Cities of Tomorrow in 1902; reissued by MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1970.
21 . Lewis Mumford, "The Ideal Form of the Modern City," in The Lewis Mumford Reader, Donald L. Miller, ed., Random House, New York, 1986, p. 166.
22. Ibid., p. 169.
23. Howard, Tomorrow, p. 13.
24. The easiest way to get an idea of the development is to Google Putrajaya and also Cyberjaya, another new town being developed in proximity to Kuala Lumpur. They are in an area that the government of Malaysia has designated as an information technology (IT) corridor as part of the national economic development strategy.