1. Meaning a relatively literal interpretation of the Constitution based on the "original intent" of its authors and relatively little willingness to define new individual rights or new obligations of government that are not clearly implied by the wording of the Constitution. The reader who wants to pursue the debate over whether the Constitution should be interpreted strictly or flexibly might see Robert Bork, The Tempting of America: The Political Seduction of the Law, The Free Press, New York, 1990.
2. For a general account of the New Deal, see William E. Leuchtenburg, Franklin Delano Roosevelt and the New Deal, Harper & Row, New York, 1963; or Arthur M. Schlesinger, The Coming of the New Deal, Houghton Mifflin, Boston, MA, 1958.
3. For a general account of Depression-era planning initiatives, see Mel Scott, American City Planning Since 1890, University of
California Press, Berkeley, 1965, ch. 5.
4. Guy Geer and Alvin Hansen, "Urban Redevelopment and Housing," a pamphlet published by the National Planning Association, 1941. For additional references to Urban Renewal, see Chapter 11.
5. Rachel Carson, Silent Spring, Houghton Mifflin, Boston, 1962. (Note: DDT was subsequently banned in the United States but is in use in parts of the Third World.)
6. Barry Commoner, The Closing Circle, Alfred A. Knopf, New York, 1971.
7. For a statement of the ZPG view, which was widely read and quoted at the time, see Paul Ehrlich, The Population Bomb, Ballantine Books, New York, 1971.
8. Michael Quinn Dudley, "Sprawl as Strategy: Planners Face the Bomb," Journal of Planning Education and Research, vol. 21, no. 1, fall 2001, pp. 52-63.
Hall, Peter, Cities of Tomorrow, Blackwell, London, updated edition, 1996.
Krueckeberg, Donald, A., ed., Introduction to Planning History in the United States, Rutgers University Center for Urban Policy Research, New Brunswick, NJ, 1983.
Reps, John W., The Making of Urban America, Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 1965.
Scott, Mel, American City Planning Since 1890, University of California Press, Berkeley, 1965.
Note: For references to particular fields of planning mentioned in this chapter, see the Selected Bibliography for the chapter that treats that field in detail.