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Urban Renewal and Community Development
For several decades, community development has been a major preoccupation of planners. It covers a wide range of goals and activities.
Although the term community development is of post-World War II origin, it is not a totally new departure for planning. Planners' concerns with housing go back to the nineteenth century. Then, too, the facilitation of economic growth had been a major motivation behind city planning for decades.
This chapter begins with an account of Urban Renewal, a program that is now history. The reader may wonder why this look backward is necessary. Although the Urban Renewal program is over, many of its main elements are still central to the urban development process.
Urban Renewal is instructive in that it illustrates how hard it can be to formulate policy that is free of major side effects and actually does what it is intended to do. For its critics, who grew to be very numerous indeed, Urban Renewal was a classic illustration of the old expression "The road to hell is paved with good intentions."
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