1. Frank S. So, Irving Hand, and Bruce D. McDowell, eds., The Practice of State and Regional Planning, American Planning Association, Chicago, IL, 1986, pp. 144-147.
2. This arrangement is widely admired by planners and experts in public finance, the former for its land-use effects and the latter on the ground that it will help equalize the per capita fiscal capacity of different municipalities in the same region. Unfortunately, such systems are rare for a very simple reason. Most municipalities are able to predict whether they will be net gainers or net losers under such a system. There is no way to compel the potential net gainers to agree to join the system.
3. David C. Perry, ed., Building the Public City, Urban Affairs Annual Review, no. 43, Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, CA, 1995,
4. For a detailed account of the politics of the bridge and Ammann's role, see Jameson W. Doig, "Politics and the Engineering Mind: O. H. Ammann and the Hidden Story of the George Washington Bridge" in Building the Public City, op. cit.
5. Ibid., p. 22.
6. "Financial Statements and Appended Notes for Year Ended December 31, 2012," Comptrollers Department, Port Authority
of New York and New Jersey, available at panynj.gov.
7. Katherine Foster, The Political Economy of Special Purpose Government, Georgetown University Press, Washington, DC, 1997.
8. For an account of Robert Moses's career and effects upon the city and the New York region, see Robert Caro, The Power Broker, Alfred A. Knopf, New York, 1974. The TBTA was merged with the Metropolitan Transit Authority (MTA) in 1965 and essentially survives as that part of the authority with responsibility for bridges and tunnels. The other part of the authority is responsible for the New York City subway system, city buses, and the metropolitan area's commuter rail service.
9. Kate Zernike and Matt Flegenheimer, "Even Before Fort Lee Lane Closing, Port Authority was a Christie Tool," New York Times, Section A, p. 1, March 11, 2014.
10. This chronology is adapted from Atlanta Regional Commission: 50 Year Commemorative Report, Atlanta, GA, 1997.
11. Bylaws of the Atlanta Regional Commission, adopted September 10, 1971, amended through August 28, 1996.
Nelson, Arthur C.L. and Lang, Robert E., Megapolitan America: A New Vision for Understanding American Metropolitan Geography, American Planning Association, Planners Press, Chicago, IL, 2011.
Perry, David C., ED., Building the Public City: The Politics, Governance and Finance of Public Infrastructure, Urban Affairs Annual Review, no. 43, Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, CA, 1995.