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Landscape and Land Capacity


Aims and ScopeEditorContributorsSection I: Land scape Composition, Configuration, and ChangeConserved Lands: StewardshipIntroductionLand Protection and StewardshipConclusionsAcknowledgmentsReferencesEdge Effects on WildlifeIntroductionConclusionReferencesFires: WildlandIntroductionCauses and ControlsCharacteristics of Wildland FireEcological Effects of Wildland FireWildland Fire PolicyConclusionsAcknowledgmentReferencesFragmentation and IsolationIntroductionTheoretical Foundation for Fragmentation and IsolationMeasuring the Effects of Fragmentation and IsolationResponse Measures to Fragmentation and IsolationConclusionsAcknowledgmentsReferencesBibliographyIntroductionLand Surface Temperature: Remote SensingPhysics of LST Remote SensingTechnical ApproachesValidation and Evaluation of Remote Sensed LSTConclusionReferencesLandscape Connectivity and Ecological EffectsIntroductionDefinitionsMeasuring Landscape ConnectivityRelevance of Landscape Connectivity to Conservation, Restoration, and Exotic Species ManagementConclusionReferencesLandscape Dynamics, Disturbance, and SuccessionIntroductionLandscape SuccessionLandscape DisturbanceLandscape ProcessesLandscape ModelingConclusionsAcknowledgmentReferencesLand-Use and Land-Cover Change (LULCC)IntroductionCauses and ConsequencesTheoretical FoundationsMonitoring and ModelingConclusionReferencesBibliographyProtected Area ManagementIntroductionDesignation, Extent, and Purposes of Protected AreasNature and Types of Protected AreasThreats to Protected AreasManagement of Protected AreasConclusionAcknowledgmentReferencesProtected Areas: Remote SensingIntroductionRemote Sensing of Changing Landscape of Protected AreasRemote Sensing for Inventory, Mapping, and Conservation Planning of Protected AreasRemote Sensing of Frontier LandsConclusionsReferencesSection II: Genetic Resource and Land CapabilityGenetic Diversity in Natural Resources ManagementIntroductionHow Can Genetic Techniques Inform Management Decisions?How Is Genetic Diversity Measured and Interpreted?Conservation GenomicsSpatial Analyses of Genetic DiversityConclusionAcknowledgmentsReferencesBibliographyGenetic Resources Conservation: Ex SituIntroductionCenters for EducationCenters for Research and DiscoveryCenters for Plant ProtectionA New Era of International and National CollaborationConclusionsReferencesGenetic Resources Conservation: In SituIntroductionConservation Strategies in Agriculture and Forestry SectorsEcology in Community ConservationNatural Resource Management: The Role of CommunitiesAn Integrated Approach to ConservationConclusionsAcknowledgmentsReferencesGenetic Resources: Farmer Conservation and Crop ManagementIntroductionFarmers and Farmer Varieties in Traditional-Based Agriculture SystemsFarmer Choice: Phenotypic and Genetic Variation, Classification, Genotype-by-Environment Interaction, and RiskFarmer Selection: Phenotypic Variability, Heritability, Phenotypic Selection Differential, and ResponseConclusionsAcknowledgmentsReferencesGenetic Resources: Seeds ConservationIntroductionConservation of Orthodox SeedsConservation of Nonorthodox SeedsManagement of Seed CollectionsMain Challenges and Priorities for Improving Seed ConservationConclusionReferencesHerbicide-Resistant Crops: ImpactIntroductionTransgenes and CropsWeed Management with HR CropsImpact of HR Crops on Crop Production and EconomicsConclusionsReferencesHerbicide-Resistant WeedsBackground InformationHistory of Herbicide ResistanceMechanisms Responsible for ResistanceFactors That Influence the Selection of Resistant BiotypesPrevention and Management of Herbicide-Resistant WeedsConclusionReferencesHerbicides in the EnvironmentIntroductionTransformationTransportDegradationConclusionAcknowledgmentsReferencesInsects: Economic ImpactIntroductionScope of ProblemInsect PestsInsecticide and Miticide Pest ControlsInsect Transmission of Plant PathogensEnvironmental and Public Health Impacts of InsectsConclusionReferencesInsects: Flower and Fruit FeedingIntroductionDetrimental InsectsBeneficial InsectsMutualistic AssociationsConclusionReferencesIntegrated Pest ManagementIntroductionBackgroundIntegrationThe Ecological Bases of IPMThe Tools of Pest ManagementThe Scale of IPM SystemsDecision Support Systems for IPM ImplementationIPM Education and ExtensionConclusionReferencesLand Capability AnalysisIntroductionKinds of SystemsConclusionsReferencesLand Capability ClassificationIntroductionClassificationsHistorical PerspectiveLand Capability ClassificationConclusionsReferencesSection III: SoilPollution: Point SourceIntroductionNature and Sources of ContaminantsContaminant Interactions in Soil and WaterImplications to Soil and Environmental QualitySampling for PS PollutionAssessmentManagement and/or Remediation of PS PollutionGlobal Challenges and ResponsibilityReferencesSoil Carbon and Nitrogen (C/N) CyclingIntroductionBacteria and Fungi Control Soil C/N CyclesNatural versus Anthropogenic Controls of C/N CyclesConclusionReferencesSoil Degradation: Food SecurityIntroductionUndernourishment—A Major Indicator of Food InsecurityVulnerable AreasUnderlying CausesMinimum Per-Capita Cropland RequirementEstimating Soil Degradation on a Global ScaleSoil Degradation and Decline in ProductivityReferencesSoil Degradation: Global AssessmentIntroductionBackgroundConclusionsReferencesSoil: Erosion AssessmentIntroductionScale and Extent of ErosionImpact of ErosionErosion AssessmentControlling Soil Erosion and Off-Site ImpactsConclusionReferencesSoil: EvaporationIntroductionConclusionsReferencesSoil: FaunaIntroductionSoil Fauna—OrganismsSoil Fauna—Diversity and BiomassSoil Fauna—Roles in Ecosystem Functions, Stability, and SustainabilityConclusionReferencesSoil: Fertility and Nutrient ManagementIntroductionSoil FertilityNutrient ManagementConclusionReferencesSoil: Organic MatterIntroductionSoil Organic Matter DynamicsAssessment of Soil Organic MatterManagement of Soil Organic MatterConclusionReferencesSoil: Organic Matter and Available Water CapacityIntroductionSensitivity of AWC to SOMEnvironmental ImplicationsConclusionsAcknowledgmentsReferencesSoil: Spatial VariabilityIntroductionFacets of Spatial Variability in SoilsConclusionsReferencesSoil: TaxonomyIntroductionSoil Taxonomy over the Last CenturyThe Soil That We ClassifySoil Taxonomy into the 21st CenturyOther National and International Classification SystemsSummary and ConclusionsReferencesSoil: Microbial EcologyIntroductionMicrobial MetabolismGroups of Soil MicroorganismsMeasuring the Size and Structure of Soil Microbial CommunitiesEcological Interactions and Microorganisms in the Soil FoodwebReferencesSoil Invertebrates: Responses to Forest Types in Changbai MountainsIntroductionDistribution Patterns of Soil InvertebratesTaxonomic Compositions of Soil InvertebratesSeasonal Variations of Soil InvertebratesConclusionsReferencesSpatial–Temporal Distribution of Soil Macrofauna Communities: Changbai MountainIntroductionDifference of Soil Macrofauna Communities in the Vertical Zone of the Mountain SystemVertical Zonality of Soil Macrofauna Communities in the Mountain SystemMajor Factors of Controlling Soil Macrofauna in the Vertical Zone of the Mountain SystemConclusionsReferencesSection IV: Landscape Change and Ecological SecurityEcological Factors Influencing the Landscape Epidemiology of Tickborne DiseaseIntroductionTick BiologyEcological Factors Affecting Tick Population DynamicsEcological Dynamics of Tickborne Disease Are Associated with Landscape FeaturesThe Effects of a Changing Climate on the Landscape Ecology of Tickborne DiseaseConclusionsTargeting Tick Reproduction and SurvivalReferencesEcological Security: Changbai Mountains, ChinaIntroductionNatural Resources and Ecological Security ConcernsConclusion RemarksReferencesEcological Security: Land Use Pattern and Simulation ModelingIntroductionUrban Ecological Security and Land Use PatternSummaryReferencesEffects of Volcanic Eruptions on Forest in Changbai Mountain Nature ReserveIntroductionMethodsResultsConclusionsReferencesLANDIS PRO Forest Landscape ModelIntroductionLANDIS PRO OverviewCell-Level SuccessionForest Landscape ProcessesLandscape HeterogeneityExamples of Simulation OutputAcknowledgmentsLandscape Pattern and Change by Stone Wall Feature IdentificationIntroductionMethodsResultsConclusionsReferencesRemote Sensing of Urban DynamicsIntroductionGlobal Urban DynamicsNational and Regional ApplicationsLocal ApplicationsConclusionsReferencesIntroductionSimulation of Post-Fire Vegetation RecoveryMethodsResultConclusionReferencesSustainable Agriculture: Social AspectsThe Definition of Sustainable AgricultureStructural Causes of the Lack of SustainabilitySustainability and the Corporate-Industrial Agricultural EconomySustainability as a Social MovementPublic Policy and the Future of Agricultural SustainabilityReferencesSustainability and Sustainable DevelopmentIntroductionA Sense of UrgencyPrivate Sector OpportunitiesEight Steps to SustainabilityConclusionAcknowledgmentsDisclaimerReferencesUrban Environments: Remote SensingIntroductionRemote Sensing and Urban AnalysisConclusions and Further ResearchReferencesBibliographyIndex
 
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