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Applied Chemistry and Physics


Applied Chemistry and PhysicsApplied ChemistryApplied PhysicsWhat Constitutes a Hazardous Materials Incident?When Hazardous Materials Are PresentActors in Hazardous Materials IncidentsChemicalsIncompatible ChemicalsInert MaterialsContainer DamageIncident Caused Container DamagePost-Incident Container DamageBoiling Liquid Expanding Vapor ExplosionWeatherGeographyApplied ChemistryStates of MatterSolidsLiquidsGasesTemperature and PressurePhysical State and Chemical HazardsPeriodic Table of ElementsElementsInto the AtomAtomic WeightAtomic NumberMetals and NonmetalsElement FamiliesCompounds, Mixtures, Solubility and MiscibilityMixturesSolubilityMiscibilityCommon and Site-Specific Hazardous MaterialsRecognition-Primed Decision ModelIncident Frequency/Risk ModelHigh-Frequency, Low-Risk IncidentsLow-Frequency, Low-Risk IncidentsHigh-Frequency, High-Risk IncidentsLow-Frequency, High-Risk IncidentsFamilies of CompoundsSalt Families and HazardsSalts—LF/LRNonsalt CompoundsHydrocarbon Naming SystemsHydrocarbon FamiliesHydrocarbon DerivativesPolar CompoundsComplex Hydrocarbon Derivative CompoundsNine DOT Hazard ClassesClass 1 Explosives (LF/HR)DOT Definition of ExplosiveForbidden ExplosivesExplosive Families of Compounds (Figure 3.70)Inorganic Explosives LF/HRMetal Azides LF/HRAliphatic Explosive Compounds (Nitro Hydrocarbon Derivatives) LF/HRAromatic Explosive CompoundsMilitary ExplosivesHistoric Incidents Involving Common ExplosivesHomeland Security Monitoring of Ammonium NitrateChemical NotebookCategories of Chemical ExplosionsPhysical/Chemical ExplosionChemical ExplosionExplosives TetrahedronTypes of Chemical ExplosionsDeflagrationYield vs. OrderPhases of ExplosionsOver pressureDust ExplosionHistoric Dust Explosion IncidentsMilwaukee, WI April 22, 1926 Sawdust ExplosionNuclear ExplosionsHazard Class 2 Compressed Gases (LF/HR)Division 2.1 Flammable Gases LF/HRDivision 2.2 Nonflammable Gases LF/LRDivision 2.3 Poison Gases LF/HRToxicological TermsCommon Class 2 Hazardous MaterialsLiquefied Petroleum Gases—LF/HRHistoric Chlorine IncidentsHenderson, NV, 1991Sun Bay, FL, 1998St. Louis, MO, 2002Atlanta, GANorth Carolina, 2003Glendale, AZ, 2003Cryogenic Liquids LF/HRChemical NotebookExpansion RatiosHazards to RespondersChemical NotebookHistoric Anhydrous Ammonia IncidentsCrete NE February 19, 1969 Derailment and Anhydrous Ammonia ReleaseCompressed Gas ContainersContainersCryogenic ContainersTube BanksBulk ContainersHazard Class 3 Flammable Liquids (HF/LR)Chemistry of FireAlkyl Halide (Halogenated Hydrocarbons)Ether (Oxide)AmineKetoneAldehydeAlcoholEsterPlastics and PolymerizationPolymersPolymer Family TreeManufacturing PlasticsCombustion ProductsHazards to RespondersOrganic AcidFlammable Liquid ContainersNonpressure/Low-Pressure Rail CarsFixed Facility Flammable Liquid Bulk Storage TanksCone-Roof TanksOpen Floating Roof TanksInternal Floating Roof TankHorizontal TanksEmergency Response to Ethanol Spills and FiresCrude Oil and Its Response ChallengesHazard Class 4 Flammable Solids (LF/LR)Division 4.1 Flammable Solids—LF/LRChemical NotebookDivision 4.2 Spontaneously Combustible—LF/LRLiquidsSolidsChemical NotebookPhenomenon of Spontaneous CombustionChemical NotebookDivision 4.3 Dangerous When Wet—LF/LRChemical NotebookHazard Class 5 Oxidizers (LF/HR)Hypergolic CombustionHypergolic PropellantOxidizersChemical NotebookChemical NotebookDivision 5.2 Organic Peroxide LF/HRChemical NotebookContainers for OxidizersHazard Class 6 Poisons and Infectious Substances HF/HRRoutes of ExposureCyanides and IsocyanatesChemical NotebookSulfur CompoundsChemical NotebookAlkyl HalideAldehydeEsterChemical NotebookOrganic AcidChemical NotebookMilitary Chemical AgentsChemical NotebookDivision 6.2 Infectious Substances LF/LRBiological Notebook(WMD) Unit of the FBI developed guidelines for emergency respondersPesticidesSignal Word Toxicity ComparisonProtective MeasuresIllicit UsesClandestine ManufactureNaloxone /NarcanWeapons Grade NarcoticProtecting PersonnelChemistry of Clandestine Methamphetamine Drug LabsDetectionDrug Lab ChemicalsHomemade AmmoniaCleanup ConcernsClass 7 Radioactive (LF/LR)Types of RadiationIsotopesRadiation ExposureChemical NotebookUranium CompoundsChemical NotebookChemical NotebookContainers for Radioactive MaterialsHazard Class 8 Corrosive (HF/LR)Organic AcidChemical NotebookChemical NotebookBaseDilution vs. NeutralizationCorrosive ContainersHazard Class 9 Miscellaneous Hazardous Materials (LF/LR)Chemical NotebookBatteriesSolid MaterialsChemical NotebookMolten MaterialsApplied Physics (Physical Characteristics)Combustion AnalysisHydrocarbonsBoiling PointVapor PressureVapor ContentVapor DensityPolarityMolecular WeightBranchingSublimationPyrophoric MaterialsVolatilityFlash PointFlash Point SolidsFire PointIgnition TemperatureRelationship of Physical CharacteristicsFlammable Range or Explosive LimitsSpecific GravityCritical Temperature and PressureHazards of the “Invisible Force”GlossaryBibliographyIndex
 
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