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International Environmental Law Compliance in Context:Mechanisms and Case Studies

Foreword: General aspects of compliance with international environmental lawIntroduction to complianceInternational environmental law compliance: theoretical framework, current trends and future scenariosRedefining compliance with international environmental lawFragmentation of compliance monitoring in IELInternational responsibility and liabilitySpecial regimes. An overview of the main compliance mechanisms in international environmental lawInnovative approaches to compliance: current trends and future scenariosInternational environmental law compliance in context I: toolsInternational environmental compliance: instruments and actorsTools and mechanisms of compliance: a. Hard law and soft-law instruments, b. International agreements c. Market-based mechanismsProcedural aspects of compliance: a. Procedural obligations and principles, b. Monitoring, c. VerificationCompliance assistance: a. Financial mechanisms. b. Capacity building, c. Transfer of technologyInternational environmental law compliance in context II: actors: New features of compliance with international environmental lawIntersections, interactions, and conflictsCompliance with international environmental law and relations between international law regimesTrade, international environmental law and sustainable developmentEnergy, renewable energy and environmental protectionNon-compliance and international environmental dispute resolutionNon-compliance with international environmental law: ways to deal with itNon-compliance procedures (NCPs)Environmental dispute resolutionInternational courts and tribunalsPrivate sector involvement and civil society participation in international environmental law compliance: Case studiesClimate change: assessing innovation in compliance and private sector involvementLegal framework for compliance with international climate change law: the evolution of the compliance mechanismsMeasures on the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions with private sector involvementBiodiversity: a critical analysis of the effectiveness of compliance mechanisms under the Convention on Biological Diversity, the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety, the Nagoya Protocol and CITESManaging compliance with international biodiversity law (IBL)CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora), a. List technique, b. The permits systemInvolvement of private sector actors under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety: compliance issues ad intra and ad extraBenefit-sharing under the Nagoya ProtocolWater resources: from a scattered compliance regime to a centralised compliance controlWater resources in international environmental law: dispersion of international norms and complianceMultilateral treaties/conventions and international case law on water resources, including trans-boundary waters and watercourses: different types of compliance mechanismsThe UN watercourses convention: a turning point for IWL?Summary

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