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Civil Society Organizations against Terrorism: Case Studies from Asia

: Counter-terrorism in Asia: The state partnership with civil society organizationsIntroductionThe contextUnderstanding Malaysia’s deradicalization programme: history and dynamicsRehabilitation negates the idea of punishment and supports the idea of changeSingaporeThe origins of the rehabilitation programmeThe birth of the community engagement programmeOther related initiativesThe post-IS scenarioThe futureThe PhilippinesIntegration of MNLF fighters into the AFP and the PNPThe comprehensive local integration programmeBenefits received by the ASG surrendereesChallenges and oppositionsIndonesiaThe history of Indonesia’s JihadistsModes of rehabilitation in IndonesiaYayasan Prasasti PerdamaianThe futureConclusionReferences: The critical role of Civil Society Organizations (CSO) in combating terrorismIntroductionUnited Nations Resolution 2242 (2015)Five basic CSO implementationsChallenges implementing CSOProducing effective CSOConclusionReferences: Separatism, terrorism and public safety: A retrospective look at the LTTE and the Sri Lankan stateIntroductionPolitical and economic impactThe post-war decadeGeopolitical impactSupporting and funding LTTE separatist ideologyRole of CSOs and NGOs in counter-terrorismNational security impactStrategies adopted to manage and mitigate risk by successive governmentsTwin threats to national securityLTTE resurgenceIndicators of the LTTE resurgencePro-LTTE diaspora interface with the underworldHybrid nature of alliances and activitiesThe power of money to acquire non-religiously motivated supportThe power of agencies with competing interestsDiscussionPost-conflict strategy to prevent the LTTE resurgence (2009–2014)Actions that facilitated the LTTE resurgence (2015–2019)ConclusionReferences: Combating terrorism through community engagement: Experiences from Malaysia and IndonesiaIntroductionTerrorism in Malaysia and IndonesiaTerrorism in MalaysiaTerrorism in IndonesiaCommunity engagement in combating terrorismWhy community engagement is so important in counter-terrorism?Malaysia: state–community cooperation in countering terrorism through state-sponsored agencies and educational institutionsMalaysian Islamic Youth Movement (Angkatan Belia Islam Malaysia (ABIM))The global movement of moderates (GMM)IMAN researchSouth East Asian Regional Centre for Counter Terrorism (SEARCCT)Institute for Youth Research Malaysia (IYRES)MYCorpsAcademic expertsIndonesia: state–community partnership in countering terrorism through empowering the community and women through the seaweed industryWomen’s role in the seaweed industryConclusionReferences: Collaborative governance in the terrorist rehabilitation programme in IndonesiaIntroductionTheoretical reviewResearch methodsDiscussionConclusions and recommendationsReferences: The case of Malaysia Post-GE 2018: Society–state partnership in combatting terrorismIntroductionThe Malaysia storyThe state of terrorism in MalaysiaThe status quo: current state of CSOs in MalaysiaExamples of best practicesC-Save IndonesiaThe foundation of economic freedom, PhilippinesAn energy companyRecommendationsReferences: Counter violent extremism: A collaboration between the University and the Government of IndonesiaIntroductionSocial psychology perspective on terrorismDeradicalization programmes outside IndonesiaDeradicalization programmes in IndonesiaMethodProgramme for terror convictsIntegrated programmes in deradicalizing terror convicts and empowering their wivesProgram for wives of convicted terroristsFindings from the study on terror convictsIndonesia is in a state of warThe “enemy” has attacked values that are considered sacredTerrorism acts are justified as a strategyFindings from the wives’ testimonyThe wives were not aware that their husbands engaged in terrorismThe wives experience psychological burdens due to a social stigmaThe wives did not agree to Qital JihadDiscussionConclusionReferences: The role of civil society in preventing and countering violent extremism in BangladeshIntroductionViolent extremism in BangladeshEnabling factors behind the growth of violent extremismOnline radicalizationFamily, kinship, and friendshipPsychological factorEducationTimeline of violent extremist attacks in BangladeshWhat is the role the CSOs are playing in terms of PCVE in Bangladesh?Profiles of civil society organizations working on PCVEBangladesh Enterprise InstituteBangladesh Institute of Peace and Security studiesMove FoundationState–civil society partnershipLimitationsChallengesWay forwardReferences

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