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Primary Sources:

Gôzübüyük, A. $. Turk Anayasa Metinleri: Tanzimattan Bugiine Kadar [Turkish Constitutional Texts: From the Tanzimat to Today]. Ankara: Ajans Matbaa, 1957.

(n.a.): Kanun-i Esasi. Meclis-i Mebusan Nizamname-i Dahilisi. Meclis-iAzan Nizamname-i

Dahilisi. lntihab-i Mebusan Kanunu [Constitution. Internal Regulations for the

Chamber of Deputies. Internal Regulations for the Senate. Law for the Election of Deputies], Istanbul: Matbaa-i Âmire, 1328 [1912/1913].

Us, Hakki T. Meclis-i Meb’usân: 1293=1877 [(Minutes of) the Chamber of Deputies: 1293=1877]. Istanbul: Vakit, 1940.

Sources Online:

Text of the 1876 Constitution in Ottoman Turkish:

“Kânûn-i Esâsi,“ in Düstur. Cüz’-i Râb'i. Matba‘a-i 'Amire: Istanbul 1295,

https://anayasa.tbmm.gov. tr/docs/1876/18 76ilkmetinler/l 876-ilkhal-osmanlica.pdf

(retrieved August 31, 2020, the scan contains only the first 34 articles).

Text of the 1876 Constitution in English translation:

http://genckaya.bilkent.edu.tr/documentsl.html (retrieved 31 August 2020).

Text of the amended Constitution of 1909 in English translation:

http://www.anayasa.gen.tr/1909amendment.htm

Further Changes to the Constitution, made in 1912-1916:

https://anayasa.tbmm.gov.tr/docs/1876/1876-2/1876-2-degisiklik.pdf

https://anayasa.tbmm.gov.tr/docs/1876/1876-3/1876-3-degisiklik.pdf

https://anayasa.tbmm.gov.tr/docs/1876/1876-4/1876-4-degisiklik.pdf

https://anayasa.tbmm.gov.tr/docs/1876/1876-5/1876-5-degisiklik.pdf

https://anayasa.tbmm.gov.tr/docs/1876/!876-6/1876-6-de%C4%9Fi%C5%9Fiklik.pdf.

Parliamentary Minutes Online:

https://www.tbmm.gov.tr/tutanaklar/TUTANAK/MECMEB/mmbd01ic01c004/mmbd0 lic01c004ink092.pdf (1 Haziran/14 June 1909)

http://www.tbimn.gov.tr/tutanaklar/TUTANAK/TBMM/d01/c001/tbmm01001004.pdf

(April 26, 1920)

https://www.tbmm.gov.tr/tutanaklar/TUTANAK/TBMM/d02/c001/tbmm02001003.pdf

(13 August 1923)

http://www.tbmm.gov.tr/tutanaklar/TUTANAK/TBMM/d02/c003/tbmm02003043.pdf

(29 October 1923)

http://www.tbmm.gov.tr/tutanaklar/TUTANAK/TBMM/d02/c030/tbmm02030039.pdf

(March 2, 1927)

TBMM Dahili Nizamnamesi (2 May 1927): http://anayasa.tbmm.gov.tr/1927ictuzuk.a spx

Internal Regulations of 1877, version amended in 1909: http://anayasa.tbmm.gov.tr/docs/ ictuzuk/'l-1877_M.M.N.DT909sonras%C4%Blmetin.pdf

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