Framework for Thailand's NAMAs
NAMA Pledge to UNFCCC
Thailand is assessed as having a high potential for GHG mitigation from both domestically supported NAMAs and internationally supported NAMAs, up to
72.99 Mt-CO2. Of this, 23.33 Mt-CO2 will be from domestically supported NAMAs and 49.66 Mt-CO2 internationally supported, as shown in Table 6.5. Figure 6.8 shows the potential CO2 reduction from Thailand's NAMAs in 2020.
With respect to the potential for GHG mitigation from these measures in 2020, Thailand will be able to provide a draft mitigation pledge as a NAMA concept. Such information includes the base year and the potential of GHG mitigation when compared with the GHG emissions in the target year, 2020.
Thailand's mitigation pledge as a NAMA concept was finalised in 2013. However, more analysis needs to be conducted on the policies in different sectors as well as examples of mitigation pledges submitted by other countries, e.g. China, India, Indonesia, Brazil, Mexico and Chile before drafting Thailand's NAMA policies for the UNFCCC. This step is conceptually important in the development of NAMAs for the implementation phase. It is also beneficial to the country in terms of international financial support for the internationally supported NAMAs.
In conclusion, the total appropriate GHG mitigation by NAMA measures in the energy sector under domestically and internationally supported NAMAs in 2020 will be about 73 Mt-CO2, accounting for 20 % from the total GHG emissions
Table 6.4 Payback period of energy efficiency
(EE) measures in industry
Table 6.5 Proposed CO2 countermeasures for Thailand's NAMAs in 2020
Fig. 6.8 Potential of CO2 reduction in Thailand NAMA 2020
estimated in the 2020 BAU, where the measures should be explained according to NAMA that:
Thailand will lower CO2 emissions by 20 % when compared to the BAU 2020 level.
The potential to reduce the GHG emissions by domestically supported NAMAs is one important measure which could demonstrate the effort Thailand is making as a developing country involved in global GHG mitigation, but, naturally, different countries have different limitations and motivations in developing domestically supported NAMA actions.
A further development in domestically and internationally supported NAMAs is to group NAMAs together, i.e. create 'Bundled NAMAs'. For example, the Power Development Plan (PDP), waste to energy plan, increased energy efficiency in industrial and building sectors plan, promotion of bioenergy in the transport sector plan and increased energy efficiency in the transport sector plan could be combined as a bundle of NAMAs under Thailand's NAMAs, which would demonstrate the importance of GHG emission reductions and funding sources. Thailand has considered carrying out further studies on the environmental impacts in other dimensions, sustainable development and financial availability of the government funds to achieve the 2020 GHG mitigation target.