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Emotional intelligence development in Lithuania

Irma Liubertiene

Demographics and history of Lithuania

Lithuania, officially the Republic of Lithuania (in Lithuanian: Lietuvos Respublika), is a country in the Baltic region of Europe that is situated along the south eastern shore of the Baltic Sea, to the east of Sweden and Denmark. It is bordered by Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east and south, Poland to the south, and Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) to the southwest. Lithuania has an estimated population of 2,789 million people, as of 2020, and its capital and largest city is Vilnius. Other major cities are Kaunas and Klaipeda. Lithuanians are Baltic people. The official language, Lithuanian, along with Latvian, is one of only two living languages in the Baltic branch of the Indo-European language family.

As the First World War neared its end, Lithuania’s Act of Independence was signed on 16 February 1918, declaring the founding of the modern Republic of Lithuania. In the midst of the Second World War, Lithuania was first occupied by the Soviet Union and then by Nazi Germany. As the Second World War neared its end and the Germans retreated, the Soviet Union reoccupied Lithuania. On 11 March 1990, a year before the formal dissolution of the Soviet Union, Lithuania became the first Baltic state to declare itself independent, resulting in the restoration of an independent State of Lithuania.

Lithuania’s re-establishment as an independent state, freed from the Soviet Union, enabled it to open up to the Western world. But the challenges of this transition to democracy, and something resembling a free-market economy, caused nearly half a million Lithuanians to depart from Lithuania in a new wave of migration. Lithuania is a member of the European Union, the Council of Europe, the Eurozone, the Schengen Agreement, NATO and the OECD. It is also a member of the Nordic Investment Bank, and part of the Nordic-Baltic cooperation of Northern European countries. The United Nations Human Development Index lists Lithuania as a “very high human development” country.

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