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EI and well-being of young people in Lithuania

An original methodology of El assessment (EI-DARL) was introduced in a study on the emotional intelligence of Lithuanian youth (Antiniene & Lekaviciene, 2015). The research examined whether El is linked with assessments of physical state, depression, anxiety, and psychological wellbeing. This new' measure is a 73-item questionnaire that is comprised of a short version - EI-DARL-V1, and long version - EI-DARL-V2. The short version EI-DARL-V1 consists of a traditional questionnaire w'here the research participants expressed their degree of agreement on the items. The test was comprised of the follow'ing four scales: (1) the perception of their own emotions; (2) the perception of the emotions of others; (3) the manage- ment/regulation of their owm emotions; and (4) the management/regulation of interpersonal relationships. A fifth scale in the short version - the scale of manipulations - assesses personal abilities to control others’ behavior by exploiting their emotions and discovering their weaknesses. The long version, EI-DARL-V2, included two additional scales the identification scale of facial expressions that helped to evaluate the ability to recognize non-verbal clues, and the scale of emotional social interpersonal situations that included knowledge and behavioral responses to social situations.

The sample included Lithuanian youth between 17 and 27 years of age. There were 1,430 participants from various regions of Lithuania. The results did not yield differences between genders but found significant correlations with indicators of mental health. The findings found that participants with somatic symptoms or negative moods had lower EL a particularly strong correlation was observed between a poor subjective assessment of health with low understanding and the control of one’s own emotions. Depressed and anxious participants were associated with poor understanding of emotions, lower regulation of others’ and their own emotions, and lower capacity to resolve emotional, social, and interpersonal situations. A direct relationship between El and psychological well-being was established. As the perception of psychological well-being increased, participants were able to understand the emotions of others and to understand and control their own emotions better. The study failed to determine whether emotion recognition from nonverbal signs (facial pictures) was related to at least one of the previously mentioned indexes. The results support the validity of the EI-DARL, which shows promise as a Lithuanian-based measure of EL

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