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The chapter provided an overview of understanding of M&E research. The chapter established that the need for M&E cannot be overemphasized in the achievement of successful project delivery. An understanding of the types of M&E, need for effective M&E in project delivery and the complementary roles of M&E were outlined. Further, the appropriate methods and approaches, tools and techniques used in M&E were discussed. The next chapter focuses on the existing M&E frameworks and indicators and their essence in M&E practice. The next chapter will also discuss M&E systems and their components and, finally, the main challenges to M&E implementation.


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