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Immigration in American History

Analysis and assessmentMigration to the British coloniesThe English arrive in Tsenacommacah—the ChesapeakeNew England—a Puritan “city on a hill”The Lowcountry—a colony of a colonyThe middle colonies—diverse European migrationEighteenth-century migrationConclusionImmigration during the early national and antebellum erasImpact of the RevolutionImmigration during the early national periodMass migration from Europe—the Germans and the IrishThe border crossed us: the first Mexican AmericansGold mountain guests: the first Chinese AmericansKnow Nothings and nativismImmigration and whitenessImmigration during the late nineteenth centuryA new vision of American citizenshipImmigration during the late nineteenth centuryItaliansGreeksPolesEastern European JewsScandinaviansJapanese immigrationMexican immigrationUrbanization during the Gilded AgeLarge-scale industrializationIndustrial-scale resource extraction in the American WestThe Homestead Act and Western agricultureConclusionThe road to restrictionThe Chinese Exclusion ActSegregation and the rise of Jim CrowPseudoscientific ideas about race and nativismDisability and nativismWorld War ICrafting the National Origins ActConclusionImmigration under the National Origins ActReduced immigration under the National Origins ActContinued immigration during the 1920sMexicansFilipinosPuerto RicansIndian SikhsThe Great DepressionWorld War IIRefugees during World War IIZoot Suit RiotsJapanese internmentLong-term changes to immigrationConclusionImmigration during the late twentieth centuryImmigration reform for the Cold WarImmigration during the Cold WarImmigration and the civil rights movementThe Immigration Act of 1965Immigration from AsiaSoutheast AsiaKoreaSouth AsiaChinaImmigration from the Middle EastImmigration from AfricaImmigration from the western hemisphereMexicoCentral AmericaThe CaribbeanWar and genocideConclusionImmigration at the dawn of the twenty-first centuryConcern about unauthorized immigrationThe War on Terror and IslamophobiaConclusionDocumentsExcerpt from Boyrereau Brinch and Benjamin F. Prentiss, The Blind African Slave, or Memoirs of Boyrereau Brinch.Excerpt from Alexander Thomson, News from America, 1774.Naturalization Law of 1790Letter from Hannah Curtis to John Curtis, April 21, 1847.Excerpt from The 1842 Diary of Julia Turnau: Sailing from Bremen to New OrleansThe Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, February 2, 1848Proclamation by Juan Cortina regarding the treatment of Mexicans in Texas, 1859.Excerpt from Reminiscences by Huie Kin.Address of the Convention of Native American Democrats of the City of Brooklyn, in the County of Kings, to the Native American Democrats of Kings County, 1835.Interview with Miriam Gether Krasnow, November 29, 1983, interviewed by Dennis Cloutier with the Ellis Island Oral History Project.Excerpt from Out of the Shadow by Rose Cohen“The New Colossus” by Emma Lazarus“Unguarded Gates” by Thomas Bailey AldrichExcerpt from Some Reasons for Chinese Exclusion. Meat vs. Rice. American Manhood Against Asiatic Coolieism. Which Shall Survive?, 1902.Departure paper of Jung Kee Hoe, 1898“A Letter from Mrs. Tape,” Daily Alta California, April 16, 1885Mary Church Terrell, “What It Means to Be Colored in the Capital of the United States”Photo of immigrants at Ellis Island suspected of being “mental defectives,” early twentieth century.Excerpt from Alfred P. Schultz, Race or Mongrel?Excerpt from oral history with Mrs. Emilia Castañeda de Valenciana, interviewed by Christine Valenciana on September 8, 1971.Report from an embittered Nisei on why he answered “no” to the loyalty questionnaire, 1944Speech by President Franklin D. Roosevelt regarding the repeal of the Chinese exclusion laws, October 11, 1943.Proposal for Chicano Educational Development at the University of Washington, submitted by the United Mexican American Students (UMAS), May 5, 1969.Interview with Sarabjit Sikand, interviewed by Justin Nordstrom, 29 October 1998.Argument in favor of California Proposition 187Remarks by President Barack Obama on immigration, June 15, 2012.Further readingGeneral overviewsMigration to Colonial British AmericaMigration to nineteenth-century AmericaImmigration in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuriesNativism and xenophobiaU.S. immigration policyRacial theories and segregationDisability and immigrationImmigration during the Great Depression and World War IILate twentieth-century immigrationImmigration at the dawn of the twenty-first century

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