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At a conference, one person from the audience objected that Malthusian theories were discredited because of repressive policies that had in the past been justified in their name. This is a serious objection. Nevertheless, the complex neo-Malthusian theories presented in this chapter are a far cry from the original theory formulated by Thomas Malthus. Moreover, shall we not ask the tough questions because we fear that we might not like some of the answers? Is it not better to intrepidly confront those questions, precisely in order to ensure the humane character of the policies and intellectual frameworks formulated in response to them?
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