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Electroinduced Drift of Neutral Charge Clusters in Salt Solutions

Oscillations of ions in a salt solution under the action of external periodic electric fieldAction of an external electric field a free and associated charges in solutionEquation of oscillations of an ion in relation to solvent moleculesThe consideration of friction with a solvated ion with the molecules surrounding the solventsExperiment techniqueElectroinduced drift of solvated calcium and magnesium ionsElectroinduced drift of solvated cerium and lead cationsInduced redistribution of solvated cations cerium and nickel in water of their chloride solutionThe results of the experiments (without circulation of the solution)The results of the experiments (with circulation of the solution)Separation of solvated calcium and magnesium cations by the action of an external periodic electric field and a moving solutionMagnetically induced mass transfer in salt solutionsConclusionsPhysics of the process of electro- and magnetoinduced mass transfer in salt solutionsModel of the effect of electric and magnetically induced selective driftCluster structure of the solution and excitation frequencies of electroinduced selective driftMechanistic models of the ion–solvate shell systemSolvated ion (cluster) as a drop of liquidSolvated ion (cluster) as a spherical pendulumThe solvated ion (cluster) as a spherical rotatorSolution structure and dimensions of solvated ionsSolvated ion sizes and solution propertiesConclusionsSelf-consistent electric field in the volume of the salt solutionFluctuations in the polarization charge in volume of the solution; solvated ion sizes and frequencies excitations of electroinduced driftThe possibility of forming associates of solvated ionsComplex vibrations of solvated ions (clusters)Radiophysical properties of solutionsA water molecule ‘attached’ to the cation by a hydrogen atomA water molecule ‘attached’ to the anion by a hydrogen atomThe action of an electromagnetic wave on a solution and laser sensing of the structure of a solutionConclusionsProspects for using the effect of selective oriented drift of cationic aquacomplexes in elementary enrichment technologyProblem stateElectrophysical and electrochemical methods in elemental and isotopic enrichmentElectrochemical methods of deep cleaning inorganic substancesHF discharge in elemental and isotopic enrichmentAn unconventional approach to solving the problem of complex processing of thorium-containing nuclear raw materials and spent nuclear fuelEffects in biotechnology and medicineConclusions

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