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A History of Enterprise Policy: Government, Small Business and Entrepreneurship


What Is Enterprise Policy and Why Is it Important?Aims and PurposeThe Story of UK Enterprise PolicyIs Enterprise Policy Effective?Historical InstitutionalismStructure of the BookPre and Early Enterprise Policy AgendasFormalising an Enterprise Policy AgendaThatcher and the Enterprise CulturePost-Thatcher, New Ideas?ConclusionGovernment, Small Firms and Entrepreneurship in the Nineteenth CenturyThe Nineteenth-Century Small FirmIndividualismReluctant to Change?An Era of Laissez-Faire?Local PoliticsChallenging Times for Small BusinessesPolitics at the Turn of the CenturyThe Great WarConclusionFilling the Finance GapBeginning the Interwar YearsThe Doldrum Twenties and the Intractable MillionPolitical ResponsesThe Great SlumpA Near Miss in Proto Enterprise PolicymakingThe Macmillan CommitteeRepresenting Small Firms to the CommitteeThe Macmillan Gap: The Birth of UK Enterprise PolicyWas There a Macmillan Gap?Unemployment Continues to GrowCredit for IndustryThe Second World WarThe Post-War Labour GovernmentThe Industrial and Commercial Finance CorporationThe Radcliffe CommitteeConclusionRegional Enterprise PolicyThe Need for Regional PolicyThe Special Areas Act 1934Financing the Special AreasTrading Estates in the Special AreasEvaluative OverviewPlanning for Post-War ReconstructionNational Industrial OrganisationThe Development Areas Treasury Advisory CommitteeThe 1950s and the ConservativesRegional Policy but Little Room for Small Businesses?Negotiating the Post-War Consensus on Government and IndustryThe Confederation of British IndustryConclusionEarly Lobbying and Debating the Role of GovernmentEconomic Decline?Acorns to OaksMaking the Case for Small FirmsEstablishing a Small Firms InquiryWhat Was Known About Small Firms?The Bolton Committee and Its Wider ContextReport and Its FindingsSmall Firm FinanceRegions and UnemploymentSupport and Advisory ServicesConclusionTaxation, Lobbying and a Voice for Small BusinessThe Conservatives’ New Political AgendaThe Response to the Bolton ReportThe Small Firms DivisionSmall Firms Information CentresCourting the Small Firm VoteThe National Enterprise BoardCouncil of Small Industries in Rural AreasThe Ongoing Political Exclusion of Small Businesses?The Voice of EnterpriseConclusionThe Europeanisation of Enterprise PolicyJoining the EECState Aid and the EECAid for Enterprise PolicyThe European Regional Development FundThe Move Away From Keynesian InterventionismEnterprise Policy Responses to the CrisesThe Wilson Committee and Small Firm FinanceConclusionNeoliberalism and Enterprise CultureThatcher’s ElectionThe Shift in Ideology to ‘Neoliberalism’Small Business RevivalismEnterprise CultureThe Department for EnterpriseEnterprise Allowance SchemeSmall Businesses as Job CreatorsFinance for Small Firms in the Enterprise CultureThe Small Firms Loan Guarantee SchemeThe Business Start-Up SchemeConclusionMarket Liberalisation and DeregulationThe Conservative GovernmentNew Approaches to Regional PolicyEnterprise ZonesLocal Enterprise AgenciesInner CitiesRegional FundingDeregulationObstacles to DeregulationRelaunching the Deregulation AgendaConclusionTackling Deadweight and Displacement Through ConsultancyThe Enterprise InitiativeThe Subsidising of ConsultancyTraining and Enterprise CouncilsTECs and Enterprise PolicyTEC DeliveryMajor Replaces ThatcherSmall Business Finance in the 1990sOne Stop ShopsThe Creation of Business Link: A One Stop FranchiseThe Function of Business LinkBusiness Link DeliveryInvestors in People and Quality StandardsConclusionEnterprise Policy as an Answer to Deprivation and ExclusionNew LabourThe Small Business ServiceBetter RegulationBusiness Support and AdviceAccess to FinanceJoined Up Enterprise PolicymakingThe Enterprise GapEvaluating SBSNew Labour and Regional DevelopmentSimplifying Small Business SupportThe 2008 Financial CrisisAusterity BritainCoalition Enterprise PolicyThe Post-Coalition Conservative GovernmentsConclusionThe Development of Small Firms as an Interest GroupEnterprise Policy IdeasThe Failure of IdeasThe Future of Enterprise PolicyMethodological AppendixSourcesOur ApproachHistorical InstitutionalismBook Structure
 
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