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Discussion Questions

  • 1. How have school closures, if at all, impacted your community? What are the rationales given for school closures? In your community who is impacted the most by school closures and why?
  • 2. What are some alternative policy solutions to school closure that your community could consider that would be more equity- and justice-oriented?
  • 3. Do communities of color have a voice in school policy and decision-making in your school community? If so, how are these communities engaging in community organizing practices to support equity and justice in schools?
  • 4. Does your school community view communities of color as educational leaders and engage in shared leadership with communities of color? If so, how, and if not, how could you develop spaces for shared leadership with minoritized communities?

School Closure Resources

  • • Collaborative for Equity and Justice in Education: https://ceje. uic.edu/
  • • Interview with Dr. Eve Ewing author of Ghosts in the Schoolyard (2018): www.cc.com/video-clips/va2911/the-daily-show-with-trevor-noah-eve-l-ewing—breaking-down-structural-racism-with-ghosts-in-the-schoolyard-
  • • Journey for Justice Alliance: https://j4jalliance.com/
  • • Schott Foundation for Public Education: http://schottfoundation. org/

Recommended readings

Ewing, E. L. (2018). Ghosts in the schoolyard: Racism and school closings on Chicago’s South Side. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Stovall, D. O. (2016). Born out of struggle: Critical race theory, school creation, and the politics of interruption. Albany, NY: SUNY Press.

References

Ahmed-Ullah, N. S. (2013, July 17). Gang expert testifies school closures will put kids “in line of fire.” Chicago Tribune. Retrieved from https://www. chicagotribune.com/news/ct-xpm-2013-07-17-ct-met-cps-closings-hearings-20130717-story, html

Anderson, C. (2016). White rage: The unspoken truth of our racial divide. New York: Bloomsbury'.

Austin Voices for Education and Youth. (2016). Reagan community school project. Austin, TX: Authors. Retrieved from http://austinvoices.org/programs/ reagan-community-school-project/

Barnum, M. (February 5, 2019). Five things we’ve learned from a decade of research on school closures. Chalkbeat. Retrieved from www.chalkbeat.org/ posts/us/2019/02/05/school-closure-research-review/

Brick, M. (2012). Saving the school: The true story of a principal a teacher, a coach, a bunch of kids, and a year in the crosshairs of education reform. New York: Penguin Press.

Brummet, Q. (2014). The effect of school closings on student achievement. Journal of Public Economics, 119, 108—124.

Carlson, D. & Lavertu, S. (2015). School closures on student achievement: An analysis of Ohio’s urban district and charter schools. Columbus, OH: Thomas B. Fordham Institute. Retrieved from file:///Users/diems/Downloads/

School-Closures-and-Student-Achievement-Report-website-fmal.pdf

Carpenter, Z. (2015, October 12). The legacy of Arne Duncan, ‘a hero in the education business.’ The Nation. Retrieved from https://www.thenation. com/article/archive/the-legacy-of-arne-duncan/

Chicago Coalition for the Homeless. (2013). Homeless children are 8% of 31,438 students impacted by Chicago Public Schools’ closing/merger plans. Chicago, IL: Authors. Retrieved from www.chicagohomeless.org/cpsclosures/

Chicago Public Schools. (2016). Renaissance 2010. Retrieved from www.cps. edu/ PROGRAMS/ DISTRICTINITIATIVES/ Pages/ Renaissance2010. asxpx

Cobb, J. (2015). The life and death of Jamaica High School. The New Yorker.

Retrieved from www.newyorker.com/magazine/2015/08/31 /class-notes-annals-of-educationjelanicobb

The Collaborative for Equity and Justice in Education. (2014). The impact of school closings on parent involvement. Chicago, IL: College of Education, University of Illinois at Chicago. Retrieved from https://ceje.uic.edu/wp-content/uploads/2013/1 l/CEJE-% 20parent-participation-2014.02.22.pdf

Davey, M., & Walsh, M. W. (2013, July 18). Billions in debt, Detroit tumbles into insolvency. The New York Tinies. Retrieved from ww.nytimes.com/2013/07/ 19/us/detroit-files-for-bankruptcy.html

de la Torre, M., & Gwynne, J. (2009). When schools close: Effects on displaced students in Chicago Public Schools. Chicago, IL: Consortium on Chicago School Research, University of Chicago.

Diem, S., & Welton, A.D. (2017). Disrupting spaces for education policymaking and activism. In R. Diem & Berson, M. (Eds.), Mending walls: Historical, socioPolitical, economic, and geographic perspectives. Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing, Inc.

Engberg, J., Gill, B., Zamarro, G., & Zimmer, R. W. (2012). Closing schools in a shrinking district: Do student outcomes depend on which schools are closed? Journal of Urban Economics, 7/(2), 189-203.

Ewing, E. L. (2015). “We shall not be moved”: A hunger strike, education, and housing, in Chicago. The New Yorker. Retrieved from www.newyorker. com/news/news-desk/we-shall-not-be-moved-a-hunger-strike-education-and-housing-in-chicago

Fitzpatrick, L. (2015). Dyett hunger strike ends after 34 days. Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved from https://chicago.suntimes.com/2016/6/24/18480517/dyett-hunger-strike-ends-after-34-days

Good, R. (2016). Histories that root us: Neighborhood, place, and the protest of school closures in Philadelphia. Urban Geography, 38(0), 861-883.

Gordon, M. F., de la Torre, M., Crowhy, J. R., Moore, P. T, Sartain, L., & Knight, D. (2018). School closings in Chicago: Staff and student experiences and academic outcomes. Chicago, IL: Consortium on Chicago School Research, University of Chicago. Retrieved from https://consortium.uchicago.edu/sites/ default/files/2018-10/School%20Closings%20in%20Chicago-May2018-Consortium.pdf

Green, T. L. (2015). Leading for urban school reform and community development. Educational Administration Quarterly, 5/(5), 679—711.

Hopkinson, N. (2010, September 5). Why Michelle Rhee’s ‘brand’ failed in D.C. The Atlantic. Retrieved from ww.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/ 2010/09/why-michelle-rhees-education-brand-failed-in-dc/63014/

Johnson, A. W. (2012). “Turnaround” as shock therapy: Race, neoliberalism, and school reform. Urban Education, 48(2), 232-256.

Journey for Justice Alliance. (2014). Death by a thousand cuts: Racism, school closures, and public school sabotage. Chicago, IL: Authors. Retrieved from ww. issuelab.org/resources/18323/18323.pdf

Kemple, J. J. (2015). High school closures in New York City: Impact on students’ outcomes, attendance, and mobility. New York: The Research Alliance for New York City Schools. Retrieved from https://steinhardt.nyu.edu/scmsAdmin/ media/users/sgl58/PDFs/hs_closures/HighSchoolClosuresinNewYorkC ity_ResearchAllianceforNYCSChools_pdf.pdf

Kirshner, B., & Gaertner, M. (2015). Review of school closures and student achievement. Boulder, CO: National Education Policy Center. Retrieved from https://nepc.colorado.edu/thinktank/review-school-closures

Kirshner, B., Gaertner, M., & Pozzoboni, K. (2010). Tracing transitions: Understanding the impact of a school closure on displaced students. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 32(30), 407-429.

Kirshner, B., & Pozzoboni, K. M. (2011). Student interpretations of a school closure: Implications for student voice in equity-based school reform. Teachers College Record, 113(8), 1633—1667.

Lee, J., & Lubienski, C. (2017). The impact of school closures on equity of access in Chicago. Education and Urban Society, 49(1), 53-80.

Lipman, P. (2011). The new political economy of urban education: Neoliberalism, race, and the right to the city. New York: Routledge.

Lipman, P., & Hursh, D. (2007). Renaissance 2010: The reassertion of rulingclass power through neoliberal policies in Chicago. Policy Futures in Education, 5(2), 160-178.

Lipman, P., Vaughan, K., & Gutierrez, R. R. (2014). Root shock: Parents’ perspectives on school closings in Chicago. Chicago, IL: Collaborative for Equity and Justice in Education, College of Education, University of Illinois at Chicago.

Masterson, M. (2016). Dyett High School reopening 1 year after activist hunger strike. Chicago Tonight, Retrieved from https://news.wttw.com/2016/09/ 01/dyett-high-school-reopening-l-year-after-activist-hunger-strike

Mead, S. (2017, April 20). The capital of education reform. U.S. News. Retrieved from www.usnews.coin/opinion/knowledge-bank/articles/2017-04-20/ michelle-rhee-set-national-example-of-education-reform-in-washington-dc

Mediratta, K., Shah, S., & McAlister, S. (2008). Organized communities, stronger schools: A preview of research findings. Providence, RI: Annenberg Institute for School Reform at Brown University.

The Pew Charitable Trust. (2011). Closing public schools in Philadelphia: Lessons from six urban districts. Retrieved from www.pewtrusts.org/-/media/assets/ 2011/10/19/closing_public_schools_philadelphia_report.pdf

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Welton, A., & Freelon, R. (2018). Community organizing as educational leadership: Lessons from Chicago on the politics of racial justice. Journal of Research on Leadership Education, 13(f), 79—104.

 
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