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Theory and Data in Cognitive Linguistics





Theory and data in cognitive linguistics GriesBarðdal et alPattenTrousdaleGisborneCristofaroHollmannMatlock et alReferencesFrequencies, probabilities, and association measures in usage-/exemplar-based linguisticsIntroductionCollostructional analysis: A brief overviewPerspective 1: CA and its goalsPerspective 2: CA and its mathematics/computationPerspective 3: CA and its results, interpretation, and motivationBybee's points of critiquePerspective 1: CA and its goalsPerspective 2: CA and its mathematics/computationPerspective 3: CA and its results, interpretation, and motivationThe perceived lack of semanticsThe perceived lacks of semantics and discriminatory powerThe absence of cognitive mechanisms underlying CA Clarifications, repudiations, and responsesPerspective 1: CA and its goalsPerspective 2: CA and its mathematics/computationThe issue of the corpus sizeThe distribution of pFYEPerspective 3: CA and its results, interpretation, and motivation The perceived lacks of semanticsThe perceived lacks of semantics and discriminatory power The absence of cognitive mechanisms underlying CA Towards a new empirical perspective and its theoretical implicationsA cline of co-occurrence complexity and its motivations/implicationsApproach 1: Raw frequencies/percentagesApproach 2: Association measuresApproach 3: Full cross-tabulationApproach 4: Dispersion of (co-)occurrenceWhy CA works at all and a brief excursus on ZipfTowards a refined usage- / exemplar-based definition of constructionConclusionReferencesReconstructing constructional semanticsIntroductionThe Dative Subject ConstructionReconstructing semanticsComparison of the semantics of the Dative Subject Construction in Old Norse-Icelandic, Archaic/Classical Latin, Ancient Greek, Old Russian, and Old LithuanianA reconstruction of the semantics of the Dative Subject Construction in Indo-EuropeanSpecial characteristics of the Indo-European Dative Subject Construction in the typological landscapeSummaryReferencesThe historical development of the it-cleftIntroductionTheoretical assumptionsLanguage structureLanguage changeInterim summaryThe object of studyAn expletive account of it-cleftsAn extraposition account of it-cleftsSorting the dataBall's (1991) it-cleft origin storyPatten's (2012) it-cleft origin storyHandling the OE hit-cleftInterpreting the dataThe diachronic development of the English it-cleftBall (1994) and the mergers of the English it-cleftPatten (2010) and the constructionalization of the English it-cleftConclusionReferencesTheory and data in diachronic Construction GrammarIntroductionFree adjuncts, absolutes and the what with pattern in contemporary EnglishA minimalist analysisA constructional analysisData on the historical evolution of the what with constructionUp to Modern EnglishLate Modern English MethodResultsTwentieth-century American English (COCA corpus) MethodResultsGrammatical constructionalization: A cognitive approach to language changeSummary of the principal changesGrammatical constructionalizationConclusionsReferencesThe semantics of definite expressions and the grammaticalization of THEIntroductionTwo approaches to definiteness.ReferenceThe familiarity theory of definitesAn alternative theory of definitesModelling the quantifier theory in a cognitive theory of language structureComparing the familiarity theory with the quantifier theoryCase study 1: Scope effectsCase study 2: The definiteness effectCase study 3: Specificational sentencesThe theories and grammaticalizationConclusionReferencesCognitive explanations, distributional evidence, and diachronyIntroductionThe development of alignment systemsThe origin of prototype effectsConcluding remarksReferencesWord classesIntroductionPrevious scholarship on word classesThe structuralist-generative approachThe cognitive linguistic approachLangackerCroftPsycholinguisticsQuestionnaire study designThe questionnaireParticipantsPhonological and distributional properties and scoring schemes PhonologyDistributionPhonological properties ResultsWord lengthMean syllable lengthFinal obstruent voicingNasal consonantsStressed vowel advancementStressed vowel heightPresence vs. absence of a final obstruentDiscussionDistributional propertiesResults NounsVerbsDiscussionConclusionReferencesSmashing new results on aspectual framingIntroductionAspectExperimentParticipants, materials, and methodsResults SpeechGestureGeneral discussionReferences
 
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