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BRI and International Cooperation in Industrial Capacity:Industrial Layout Study

PrefaceForewordI. Background and basis of international capacity cooperationWhat is international capacity cooperation?Significance of international capacity cooperationRealistic basis of international capacity cooperationAnswers to frequently asked questionsII. Fundamental analysis of key industriesGlobal distribution of basic raw materialsMineralsNonferrous metalsEnergyInternational market analysis for key industriesGlobal import and export of commoditiesOverview of global steel tradeOverview of global energy tradeOverview of global textiles tradeOverview of global construction machinery tradeOperation of the global market of key industriesProduction of key industriesMarket demand of key industriesFields of complementary cooperation between China and major countriesNeighboring regionsAfricaEuropeLatin AmericaOceaniaIII. Realistic foundation of international capacity cooperationIron and steel industryNon-ferrous metal industryPower industryEnergy industryBuilding materials industryChemical industryTextile industryAutomobile industryCommunications industryConstruction machinery manufacturing industryAerospace and aviation industryShipbuilding and marine engineering industryAgricultureIV. International experience in capacity cooperation in key industriesInternational experience in capacity cooperation in the energy industryThe experience of Europe in energy industry capacity cooperationExperience of the United States in energy industry capacity cooperationThe experience of Japan in energy industry capacity cooperationInternational experience in capacity cooperation in the iron and steel industryThe experience of Europe in iron and steel industry capacity cooperationThe experience of Japan in iron and steel industry capacity cooperationThe experience of the Republic of Korea in iron and steel industry capacity cooperationInternational experience in capacity cooperation in the mining industryExperience of the Republic of Korea in mining capacity cooperationJapan’s experience of mining capacity cooperationDevelopment of multinational mining enterprises and lessons to learnInternational experience in capacity cooperation in the automobile industryThe experience of Europe and America in automobile industry capacity cooperationThe experience of Japan and the Republic of Korea in automobile industry capacity cooperationDevelopment of multinational automobile enterprises and lessons to learnInternational experience in capacity cooperation in the construction machinery industryThe experience of the United States in construction machinery capacity cooperationThe experience of Japan in construction machinery capacity cooperationV. Achievements in the going global of advantageous production capacityGreat breakthroughs in the going global of the railway industryConnectivity with neighboring countriesLand corridorsKey regions in AfricaHigh-speed railway in Europe and AmericaChina’s nuclear power industry leading the worldNeighboring countries in AsiaHigh-end markets in Europe and AmericaAfricaLatin AmericaLarge-scale outward transfer of advantageous capacityIron and steelNon-ferrous metalsBuilding materialsRapid growth in the export of large complete equipmentConstruction machineryShipbuilding and marine engineeringVI. Fitting China into key industry chains fasterCurrent presence of China in global industry chains in key industriesAccelerated global deployment in key industriesPreliminary roadmap for deployment on global industry chainsMajor problems in overseas deployment in key industriesNew challenges posed by the transformation of global investment system and the intensification of industrial competitionAbility to be strengthened for outward investment risk identification, prevention and responseClusters for development not yet formed and disorderly competition aboundsOutdated infrastructure in some partner countries and incompatible technical standardsFinancing conditions to be improved, and system building to be strengthenedDeveloped countries’ experiences and practices of fitting into global industry chainsCoordinating with the national development strategy and strengthening the leading role of the international marketGuiding enterprises to go global in groups and fit into global industry chainsIntegrated investment model combining the government and the private sector with focus on long-term strategic investmentStandardizing the overseas behavior of enterprises to create a good imageImproving financial support system and strengthening financing supportHelping advantageous industries to integrate into the global value chainPlanning the global distribution of advantageous industries as a wholeStrengthening capacity cooperation with Southeast Asian countries in infrastructure construction, energy and mining, and manufacturingIndustrial coordination with South Asian countries based on the construction of two economic corridorsPromoting in-depth energy and infrastructure cooperation with West AsiaAdvancing cooperation with Central Asian countries in minerals, electricity and other fieldsRelying on the development of the China-Mongolia-Russia economic corridor to promote capacity cooperation with Northeast Asian countriesPromote cooperation in energy, mining, processing and manufacturingFurther implementing capacity cooperation with African countries to build the three networks and promote industrializationDeveloping regional capacity cooperation between Latin America and China based on the “3x3” model of China-Latin America capacity cooperationExpanding high-end industrial cooperation with Europe, North America and OceaniaFurther deepening technological cooperation with developed countriesPromote third-party market cooperation with European countriesVII. Overseas presence in key industries and its improvementPromoting reasonable deployment of advantageous capacity in the worldPromote the reasonable transfer of iron and steel production capacityExtend the overseas non-ferrous metal industry chainOpening up development space for the building material industryPromoting cooperation in the chemical industryOptimizing the global deployment of the textile industryExpanding the international market for automobilesExpanding the export of advantageous equipment in an orderly mannerBuilding an international business network of construction machineryColumn: Major projects of deployment on the global industry chain of the construction machinery industryExpediting the export of aerospace equipmentOpening up the international market for shipbuilding and offshore engineering equipmentColumn: Major projects of deployment on the global industry chain of the shipbuilding and marine engineering industryStrengthening cooperation in overseas infrastructure buildingDeepening capacity cooperation on transportation infrastructureDeepening cooperation in energy infrastructure such as power plantsExpanding cooperation on communication infrastructureVIII. Innovative models for the going global of advantageous capacityEstablish upstream and downstream production linesBuilding industrial cooperation zones and establish downstream industry chains following resourcesRealizing gradient transfer of industries through investment and cooperationOverall planning of industrial distribution to realize industrial convergencePromoting the integration of enterprises into the global value chain and logistics chainBuild a coordination mechanism for upstream and downstream industries and create demonstration projects for the going global of entire industry chainsForming overseas industrial clustersMode and significance of industrial park cooperation and co-constructionDevelopment status and characteristics of China’s overseas industrial parksTypical cases of overseas industrial cooperation parksInnovative ideas for overseas industrial clustersEncouraging advantageous industries to go global in groupsThird-party market cooperationThird-party market cooperation between China and FranceThird-party market cooperation between China and the Republic of KoreaFour-party market cooperation between China, Japan and the Republic of KoreaIX. Policy measures to promote capacity cooperation in key industriesSpeeding up the establishment of a comprehensive support systemStrengthening international talent team buildingStrengthening the supporting role of innovationPromoting the internationalization of Chinese standardsStrengthening international cooperation in intellectual propertyStrengthening financial service capacity buildingPromoting the development of producer servicesPromoting investment and trade facilitationPromoting trade facilitationImproving the facilitation of overseas investmentPromoting the expansion, transformation and upgrading of contracted overseas projectsIncreasing policy supportFiscal and tax supportFinancial supportImproving the public service systemImproving information servicesImproving diplomatic servicesAmplifying China’s voice in the making of international investment and trade rulesStrengthening the protection of overseas interestsPolicy communication with other countriesEditor’s note

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