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Chinese investors

At the end of 2015, there were 20,207 outward foreign direct investors in China. According to the registration of Chinese investors in the administrative departments for industry and commerce in China, limited liability companies, the most active entities in OFDI, accounted for the largest proportion of 67.4%; private enterprises ranked second with a share of 9.3%; companies limited by shares accounted for 7.7%; state-owned enterprises accounted for 5.8%, down 0.9 percentage points from 2014; foreign-invested enterprises accounted for 2.8%; joint-stock enterprises accounted for 2.3%; enterprises with investment from the Hong Kong SAR, the Macao SAR and Taiwan, China accounted for 1.9%; selfemployment ventures accounted for 0.9%; collective enterprises accounted for 0.4%; and others accounted for 1.5% (see Figure 1.26 and Table 1.28).

Among the non-financial outward investors of China, there were 517 state-owned enterprises and state authorities, accounting for only 2.6%, while investing enterprises from various provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities accounted for 97.4%. The top 10 provinces (regions, municipalities) in terms of the number of Chinese investors were Guangdong, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Shanghai, Beijing, Shandong, Liaoning, Fujian, Hunan and Heilongjiang, accounting for 77.7% of the total number of Chinese investors altogether. Guangdong had the largest number of investors, more than 4,300, accounting for 21.6% of the total. Zhejiang ranked second with a share of 12.4% and Jiangsu ranked third with a share of 9.8%. Nearly 70% of private investing companies were from Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Guangdong, Shanghai, and Shandong.

131,000 of the Chinese investors were in the wholesale and retail industry and the manufacturing industry, accounting for 65% of the total. The wholesale and retail sales industry ranked first in terms of the number of Chinese investors,

Table 1.28 Chinese investors, by type of business registration, at the end of 2015

Type of business legistration

Number

Share (%)

Company with limited liability

13,612

67.4

Private enterprise

1.879

9.3

Company limited by shares

1,559

7.7

State-owned enterprise

1.165

5.8

Foreign-invested enterprise

562

2.8

Joint-stock enterprise

458

2.3

Enterprise with investment from Hong Kong SAR, Macao SAR and Taiwan, China

385

1.9

Self-employment venture

186

0.9

Collective enterprise

88

0.4

Other

312

1.5

Total

20,207

100

accounting for 34.4% of the total. The manufacturing industry ranked second with a share of 30.6%, mainly distributed in computer/communications equipment and other electronic equipment manufacturing industry, textile, clothing/ decoration industry, textile industry, special-purpose equipment manufacturing industry, electrical machinery and equipment manufacturing industry, metal products industry, medicine manufacturing industry, raw chemical and chemical products manufacturing industry, communications equipment manufacturing industry, automobile manufacturing industry, rubber and plastic products industry, etc. In addition, the leasing and business services industry accounted for 8.0%, agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery accounted for 3.8%, accommodation and catering services accounted for 3.3%, information transmission, software and information technology services accounted for 3.1%, and the construction industry accounted for 3.0% (see Figure 1.27 and Table 1.29).

Table 1.29 Industries of Chinese investors at the end of 2015

Industry

Number

Share (%)

Wholesale and retail sales

6,956

34.4

Manufacturing

6.186

30.6

Leasing and business services

1,616

8.0

Agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery

764

3.8

Accommodation and catering

658

3.3

Information transmission, software and information technology services

627

3.1

Construction

609

3.0

Mining

505

2.5

Scientific research and technical services

442

2.2

Real estate

387

1.9

Transportation, warehousing and postal services

348

1.7

Life services, maintenance and other services

333

1.6

Culture, sports and entertainment

168

0.8

Power, heat, gas and water production and supply

148

0.7

Other

460

2.4

Total

20,207

100

 
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