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Investing enterprises by region and industry
(1) Investment in nearly 80% of countries and regions
At the end of 2015, investors from the Chinese Mainland set up 30,800 enterprises through OFDI in 188 countries (regions), nearly 1,100 more than at the end of 2014, covering nearly 80% of countries (regions). The coverage of overseas Chinese enterprises in Asia stood at 97.9%, the same as in 2014. The coverage was 97.9% in Europe, 87.8% in Africa, 75.0% in North America, 67.3% in Latin America and 50.0% in Oceania (see Table 1.30 and Figure 1.28).
Table 1.30 Global distribution of overseas Chinese enterprises at the end of 2015
The coverage rate is the ratio of the number of overseas Chinese enterprises to the total number of countries and regions.
China is included in calculating the number of Asian countries and regions, but excluded in the calculation of coverage.
Figure 1.28 Coverage of China’s enterprises at the end of 2015, by continent.
Concerning the distribution of China’s enterprises in various countries (regions), overseas Chinese enterprises in Asia amounted to nearly 17,000. accounting for 55.5% of the total, mainly in the Hong Kong SAR, Singapore, Japan, Vietnam, the Republic of Korea, Laos, Indonesia, the United Arab Emirates, Cambodia, Thailand, Mongolia, Malaysia, India, Kazakhstan, etc. Overseas Chinese enterprises in Hong Kong SAR exceeded 9,000, accounting for 30% of the total, making the Hong Kong SAR the region with the most overseas enterprises and the most active investment from the Chinese Mainland.
Overseas Chinese enterprises in North America totaled nearly 4,000. accounting for 14.4% of the total, mainly in the United States and Canada. The United States was second only to the Hong Kong SAR in the number of overseas companies set up by enterprises from the Chinese Mainland.
Overseas Chinese enterprises in Europe totaled over 3,500, accounting for 11.5% of the total, mainly distributed in Russia, Germany, the UK, the Netherlands, France and Italy
Overseas Chinese enterprises in Africa numbered over 3,000, accounting for 9.6% of the total, mainly distributed in Zambia, Nigeria, South Africa, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Ghana, Kenya, Angola, Uganda and Egypt.
The number of overseas Chinese enterprises in Latin America was more than 1,700, or 5.7% of the total, mainly in the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, Brazil, Mexico, Chile, Venezuela, Argentina and Peru.
Overseas Chinese enterprises in Oceania amounted to more than 1,000, or 3.3% of the total, mainly in Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Fiji and Samoa (see Table 1.31 and Figure 1.29).
At the end of 2015, the top 20 countries (regions) in the number of overseas Chinese enterprises were the Hong Kong SAR, the United States, Russia, Australia,
Table 1.31 Distribution of overseas Chinese enterprises at the end of 2015, by continent
Figure 1.29 Distribution of overseas Chinese enterprises at the end of 2015, by continent.
Singapore, Germany, Japan, Vietnam, the British Virgin Islands, the Republic of Korea, Canada, Laos, Indonesia, the United Arab Emirates, Cambodia, Thailand, the United Kingdom, Mongolia, the Cayman Islands and Malaysia. The number of overseas Chinese enterprises in these countries (regions) totaled more than 23,000, accounting for 74% of the total.
(2) Concentration in three industries
Overseas Chinese enterprises were most concentrated in three industries, namely the wholesale and retail sales industry, the manufacturing industry, and the leasing and business services industry, totaling nearly 20,000, accounting for 64.1% of the total. Specifically, more than 9,000 enterprises were in the wholesale and retail sales industry, accounting for 29.4% of overseas Chinese enterprises, more than 6,600 enterprises were in the manufacturing industry, accounting for 21.4% of overseas Chinese enterprises, more than 4,000 enterprises were in the leasing and business services industry, accounting for 13.2% of overseas Chinese enterprises. In addition, 6.4% of overseas Chinese enterprises were in the construction industry, 4.6% were in agriculture, forestiy, animal husbandry and fishery, 4.6% were in the
Table 1.32 Distribution of overseas Chinese enterprises at the end of 2015, by industry
mining industry, 4.2% were in scientific research and technical services, 3.6% were in information transmission, software and information technology services, 2.7% were in the transportation, warehousing and postal services industry, 2.6% were in the life services, maintenance and other services industry. 2.1% were in the financial industry and 1.5% were hi the real estate industry (see Table 1.32).
Figure 1.30 Number of overseas enteiprises established by China’s major provinces (regions, municipalities) at the end of 2015.
Source: 2015 Statistical Bulletin of China's Outward Foreign Direct Investment, compiled by the Ministry of Commerce of China, the National Bureau of Statistics of China, and the State Administration of Foreign Exchange of China; World Investment Report 2016 prepared by UNCTAD,
Concerning the nature of overseas non-financial enterprises, the local enterprises accounted for 86.9% of the total, while the state-owned enterprises and departments only accounted for 13.1%. The top 10 provinces (municipalities) in number of overseas enterprises were Guangdong, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Shanghai, Shandong, Beijing, Liaoning, Fujian, Henan and Tianjin, the overseas enterprises of which accounting for 69.2% of the total. Guangdong has the largest number of overseas enterprises, accounting for 17.3% of overseas Chinese enterprises. Zhejiang ranked second with a share of 11.6% and Jiangsu ranked third with a share of 8.8% (see Figure 1.30).