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Inward and outward investment of China by region

(I) Foreign investment

1. FDI in 2015, by region

Table 5.1 FDI in 2015, by region

Region

Number of en teiprises

Share (%)

Foreign capital utilized Share (%) (USS million)

Total

26,584

100

1,355.77

100

East China

23,502

88.41

1,058.68

78.09

Central China

1.872

7.04

104.44

7.70

West China

1.201

4.52

99.55

7.34

Relevant departments

9

0.03

93.10

6.87

Source: Statistics of foreign investment of Ministry of Commerce of China.

Notes

Data of foreign direct investment absorbed by banking, secunties and insurance institutions are included under the item of relevant departments.

East China includes Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Liaoning, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Shandong, Guangdong, Hainan.

Central China includes Shanxi, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Anhui, Jiangxi, Henan, Hubei, Hunan.

West China includes Inner Mongolia, Guangxi, Sichuan, Chongqing, Guizhou, Yunnan, Shaanxi, Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia, Xinjiang, Tibet.

2. FDI as of 2015, by region

Table 5.2 FDI as of 2015, by region

Region

Number of enterprises

Share (%)

Foreign capital utilized Share (%) (USS million)

Total

836,595

100

17,409.06

100

East China

700,587

83.74

13,991.19

80.37

Central China

87,443

10.45

1,338.86

7.69

West China

48,374

5.78

1,093.14

6.28

Relevant departments

191

0.02

985.87

5.66

Source: Statistics of foreign investment of Ministry of Commerce of China.

Note

Data of foreign direct investment absorbed by banking, securities and insurance institutions are included under the item of relevant departments.

Investment of China by region 311

(II) Outward investment

1. Global distribution of China’s OFDI by 2015

Table 5.3 Global distribution of China’s OFDI by 2015

Continent

Total number of countries (regions)

Number of countries (regions) with China's OFDI

Investment coverage rate (%)

Number of overseas Chinese enterprises

Share (%)

Asia

48

46

97.9

17,108

55.5

Europe

49

43

87.8

3,548

11.5

Africa

60

51

85

2,949

9.6

North America

4

3

75

4,433

14.4

Latin America

49

33

67.3

1,769

5.7

Oceania

24

12

50

1,007

3.3

Total

234

188

80.3

30.814

100

Notes

China is included m the number of Asian countries but not when calculating investment coverage rate.

Investment coverage rate is the ratio of the number of countries with China’s OFDI to the total number of countries and regions in the continent concerned.

2. Non-financial OFDI flows of China by region, 2007-2015

Table 5.4 Non-financial OFDI flows of China by region, 2007-2015 (unit: USS million)

Region

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

1. Total at central level

1,958,488

3,598,284

3,819,275

4,243,698

4,502,314

4,352,693

5,632,447

5,247,617

2,781,752

2. Total at local level

525,341

587,631

960,250

1,774,543

2,366,036

3,420,576

3,641,307

5,472,588

9,360,412

Beijing

15,295

47,299

45,185

76,614

117,503

168,855

413,010

727,353

1,228,033

Tianjin

7,993

8.200

20,992

34.132

40.706

67.495

112.020

414.637

252,654

Hebei

5.394

5,363

21,993

53,237

46,363

57,809

92,575

121,865

94.030

Shanxi

8,347

2,702

33,295

7,926

18,319

30.966

56.483

30.491

18,611

Inner Mongolia

4,235

6.190

15,547

8.042

12,825

51.845

40.880

110,969

40.447

Liaoning

12,833

10.600

75,786

193,566

114,384

276,260

129.499

147.902

212,204

Including: Dalian

6.542

4.427

46.384

163,229

74.591

203.087

104.450

57.481

134.920

Jilin

8,322

10,673

29,814

21.340

20,493

29.641

75.240

33,310

65,823

Heilongjiang

17,851

22,797

12,131

23,780

23,834

72.405

77,338

65,531

42,388

Shan glia i

52,266

33,714

120.869

158.468

183,802

331.618

267,524

499,225

2,318,288

Jiangsu

51,899

49,384

85,061

137.119

225,383

313,050

302.001

406,983

725.000

Zhejiang

40.346

38,768

70,226

267,915

185,287

236,023

255,276

386,170

710,816

Including: Ningbo

5,253

22,515

21.097

39.460

75,573

63,839

84.468

103.663

251.456

Anhui

5.079

6.051

5,782

81,365

53,089

71.043

91,055

38,029

206.747

Fujian

36.847

16.169

36,582

53.495

53,028

85,705

95,249

105.064

275,743

Including: Xiamen

19.099

4.159

12,389

22,881

15,276

23.400

26.463

26,523

99.523

Jiangxi

1,536

2,587

2,265

9,470

18,833

37,316

38,091

73,853

100.457

Shandong

18,928

47,478

70.441

189.001

247,339

345,621

426,472

391,590

710,983

Including: Qingdao

4.898

1.547

10,472

46.197

23,466

91.985

102,267

121,749

127,774

Henan

7.036

13,128

12.075

11.864

28,251

34.117

58,971

54.692

131.284

Hubei

903

350

4.116

8,061

70,903

49,687

52.011

67.161

63,596

Hunan

14.088

25.446

100.568

27,477

117,628

99.499

56.970

78.449

112,370

Guangdong

114.101

124,251

92,298

159,977

363,350

528,821

594,288

1,089,671

1,226,250

Region

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

Including: Shenzhen

92,433

76,375

41.447

60,878

113,306

336.833

300.814

598.933

645,920

Guangxi

2,620

3.844

8.169

18,682

16,714

27,240

8,134

22.864

45,091

Hainan

122

82

6,072

22,179

121.999

32,012

81,731

88.708

120,119

Chongqing

8,713

10.448

4.747

36,109

40.125

52,960

34.655

76,676

149,638

Sichuan

29,120

8,107

10.740

69,097

56,341

59,509

58.447

138,223

118,730

Guizhou

51

25

522

289

2,033

2,025

20.815

8.764

6,539

Yunnan

13,641

28,467

27,008

51,339

24.845

104.046

83,036

126,195

94.648

Tibet

29

216

2

22

385

29.681

Shaanxi

2,058

14.063

22.462

26,055

44.816

60.784

30,789

41.411

62.408

Gansu

15,364

35,808

1,852

10,179

64.917

138,209

43,182

27,321

12,293

Qingliai

110

202

209

138

173

1,280

3,596

1.601

7,826

Ningxia

569

502

1.509

711

1,295

6.421

8,626

33,883

108,959

Xinjiang

8.535

6,934

18.057

4,776

31.474

43,123

31,579

54,832

61.077

Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps

21,139

7,999

3,877

12,111

9,768

5,189

1,742

8,780

7,679

Total

2,483,829

4,185,915

4,779,525

6,018,241

6,858,350

7,773,269

9,273,754

10,720,205

12,142,164

3. Non-financial OFDI stocks of China by region, 2007-2015

Table 5.5 Non-financial OFDI stocks of China by region, 2007-2015 (unit: USS)

Region

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

1. Total at central level

7,944,376

11,974,085

16,014,326

20,178,790

27,246,046

31,142,414

37,850,016

50,958,051

59,372,681

2. Total at local level

2,174,684

2,753,597

3,961,809

6,016,945

8,502,697

12,406,307

16,490,005

23,543,706

34,447,768

Beijing

159,195

251.019

375,865

480.882

603,380

757,792

1,276,456

2,848,870

3,879,895

Tianjin

25,200

32,161

58,116

96,729

138,678

211,513

359,331

923,379

1,094,193

Hebei

38,248

52,415

88,692

137,724

195.470

238,710

349.045

453,094

572.481

Shanxi

27,200

18.159

53,339

63.654

93,021

106.047

153,865

170,579

211,051

Inner Mongolia

13,984

20.405

40.100

47,055

56,517

122,260

167,880

239,148

313,155

Liaoning

44.395

60.554

149,230

340.696

435.698

695,281

773,117

925,619

1.131.945

Including: Dalian

25,539

34.888

83.094

247,520

296,903

480,316

529,818

589,730

709,425

Jilin

21,554

37,929

70,767

89,958

111.548

145,396

213,924

243,138

313.412

Heilongjiang

71,144

99,353

106,235

128.044

172,792

252,993

335,010

402.167

421,397

Shanghai

302,538

218,611

358,937

609,433

637,473

1,395,106

1.784.361

2,548.479

5,836,165

Jiangsu

116.499

172,677

249,872

388,814

570,194

783,185

1,116.311

1,560,997

2,261.424

Zhejiang

116,259

154,716

295,923

584.528

718,913

854.864

1.098.848

1,537,359

2,236.478

Including: Ningbo

23,510

46,039

65.048

106.430

187,524

212,067

323,064

451,785

674,225

Anhui

15,351

20,379

27,594

110,842

165.408

237,120

379,559

426,945

626,696

Fujian

91.608

113,231

158,800

196.773

244.754

323,701

396.778

487,290

820,253

Including: Xiamen

21,242

31,666

38,813

60.443

80,557

99,578

109,623

133,149

243,270

Jiangxi

5,478

9.126

12,905

22,136

39,751

78,934

119.180

201,352

259,524

Shandong

161.360

208,025

262,255

495.823

862,620

1.197.009

1.604.738

1.970.097

2,730.544

Including: Qingdao

69,325

59,636

46.487

123,774

149,036

245,339

322,806

447,530

585,277

Henan

21,703

33,001

57,655

70,689

97.460

144.188

195,352

249,444

399,496

Hubei

4.972

5.600

9.992

17,794

88,351

137,579

173,318

228,305

286.068

Hunan

29,344

67,427

204.782

271,626

329,577

413,331

454.724

551,500

810.442

Guangdong

724,311

868,514

954,523

1,162,951

1,798,111

2,517,617

3,423,375

4,947,939

6,865,495

Region

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

Including: Shenzhen

400.271

480.619

473,986

615,287

832,918

1,320.198

1.856.799

2,966.948

3,868.694

Guangxi

9.629

13,780

30,111

52,505

68.701

86,688

106.168

147,792

184,597

Hainan

4.342

4.423

11,260

33,566

165,262

332,820

343.423

375,642

489,395

Chongqing

16.071

27,674

30.323

65.565

110,572

170.951

193,959

265.660

390.825

Sichuan

44.322

39,758

53,524

125,352

192,478

224,573

265,593

352,409

465.901

Guizhou

445

1.866

2,229

2,035

4.952

8,746

32,708

34,178

42,894

Yunnan

26,113

56.996

94.784

155,504

182,914

295.805

386.567

514.204

602.619

Tibet

100

152

152

180

377

1.033

1,227

1.610

31,441

Shaanxi

5.667

19,299

41.518

69,786

113,806

179,387

200,287

246,511

285,525

Gansu

24.550

59,291

61.085

71.158

133,950

268.562

315.985

320.403

321,156

Qinghai

340

492

751

890

1.304

3,149

9,062

10.132

22,292

Ningxia

2.645

3,729

3,979

4.672

5,956

11,934

19.624

49.733

160,026

Xinjiang

14.212

38.419

51.601

68.983

103,390

145.444

174.951

234.030

296,592

Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps

35,905

44.416

44.910

50,598

59,319

64,589

65,279

75,701

84,391

Total

10,119,060

14,727,683

19,976,135

26,195,735

35,748,743

43,548,721

54,340,021

74,501,757

93,820,449

Inward and outward investment of China by industry

(I) Foreign investment

1. FDI in 2015 by industry

Table 6.1 FDI in 2015, by industry

Industry

Number of enterprises

Share (%

) Foreign capital utilized (US$10,000)

Share (%)

Total

26,584

100

1,355.77

100

Agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery

609

2.29

15.34

1.13

Mining

34

0.13

2.43

0.18

Manufacturing

4.507

16.95

395.43

29.17

Power, heat, gas and water production and supply

264

0.99

22.50

1.66

Construction

176

0.66

15.59

1.15

Transportation, warehousing and postal services

449

1.69

41.86

3.09

Information transmission, software, and information technology services

1.311

4.93

38.36

2.83

Wholesale and retail sales

9.156

34.44

120.23

8.87

Accommodation and catering

611

2.30

4.34

0.32

Finance

2.012

7.57

242.79

17.91

Real estate

387

1.46

289.95

21.39

Leasing and business services

4.465

16.80

100.50

7.41

Scientific research and technical services

1.970

7.41

45.29

3.34

Water, environment and public facilities management

84

0.32

4.33

0.32

Life services, maintenance and other services

222

0.83

7.22

0.52

Education

38

0.14

0.29

0.02

Health, social security and social welfare

51

0.19

1.43

0.11

Culture, sports and entertainment

238

0.90

7.89

0.58

Source: Statistics of foreign investment of Ministry of Commerce of China.

2. FDI as of 2015 by industry

Table 6.2 FDI as of 2015, by industry

Industry

Number of enterprises

Share (%)

Contractual foreign investment (USS million)

Share (%)

Total

835,965

99.99

33,369.05

99.99

Agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry and fishery

24,094

2.88

782.63

2.25

Mining

2,093

0.25

168.50

0.49

Manufacturing

510,904

61.12

18,092.39

54.22

Power, heat, gas and water production and supply

4,067

0.49

472.78

1.36

Construction

13,336

1.60

570.19

1.71

Transportation.

warehousing and postal services

11,280

1.35

961.57

2.88

Information transmission, software, and information technology services

14,305

1.71

600.47

1.80

Wholesale and retail sales

95,380

11.41

1,794.12

5.38

Accommodation and catering

8,114

0.97

226.47

0.68

Finance

4,507

0.54

837.86

2.51

Real estate

52,681

6.30

5,181.38

15.52

Leasing and business services

55,458

6.63

2,071.80

6.2

Scientific research and technical services

19,504

2.33

765.50

2.29

Water, environment and public facilities management

1,616

0.19

208.29

0.62

Life services, maintenance and other services

13,016

1.56

381.48

1.14

Education

1.796

0.21

34.81

0.10

Health, social security and social welfare

1,446

0.17

76.88

0.23

Culture, sports and entertainment

2,368

0.28

141.93

0.43

Source: Statistics of foreign investment of Ministry of Commerce of China.

(II) Outward investment

1 OFDIflows of China by industry, 2007-2015

Table 6.3 OFDI flows of China by industry, 2007-2015 (unit: US$10,000)

Industry

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

A

Agriculture, forestry, annual husbandry and fishery

27,171

17,183

34,279

53,398

79,775

146.138

181,313

203,543

257,208

B

Mining

406.277

582,351

1.334.309

571.486

1.444.595

1.534.380

2.480.779

1.654.939

1.125,261

C

Manufacturing

212,650

176,603

224.097

466.417

704.118

866,741

719,715

958,360

1,998,629

D

Power, heat, gas and water production and supply

15,138

131,349

46.807

100.643

187,543

193,534

68.043

176.463

213,507

E

Construction

32.943

73,299

36.022

162,826

164.817

324.536

436.430

339.600

373,501

F

Wholesale and retail sales

660.418

651.413

613,575

672,878

1,032,412

1.304.854

1.464.682

1,829,071

1,921,785

G

Transportation, warehousing and postal services

406.548

265,574

206,752

565,545

256,392

298,814

330,723

417,472

272,682

H

Accommodation and catering

955

2,950

7.487

21,820

11.693

13.663

8,216

24.472

72,319

I

Information transmission, software, and information technology services

30,384

29,875

27,813

50,612

77,646

124,014

140.088

316,965

682,037

J

Finance

166.780

1.404.800

873,374

862,739

607.050

1.007.084

1.510.532

1.591.782

2.424.553

K

Real estate

90,852

33,901

93,814

161,308

197.442

201,813

395,251

660.457

778,656

L

Leasing and business services

560.734

2,171,723

2.047,378

3,028.070

2,559,726

2,674.080

2,705,617

3.683,059

3.625,788

M

Scientific research and technical services

30,390

16,681

77,573

101,886

70,658

147,850

179,221

166,879

334.540

N

Water, environment and public facilities management

271

14.145

434

7,198

25,529

3,357

14.489

55,139

136,773

O

Life services, maintenance and other services

7,621

16,536

26,773

32,105

32,863

89.040

112,918

165,175

159.948

P

Education

892

154

245

200

2,008

10,283

3,566

1,355

6,229

Q

Health, social security and social welfare

75

191

3,352

639

538

1,703

15,338

8,387

R

Culture, sports and entertainment

510

2,180

1,976

18.648

10.498

19.634

31.085

51.915

174,751

S

Public administration, social security and social organization

160

Total

2,650,609

5,590,717

5,652,899

6,881,131

7,465,404

8,780,353

10,784,371

12,311,984

14,566,714

2 OFDI stocks of China by industry, 2007-2015

Table 6.4 OFDI stocks of China by industry, 2007-2015 (unit: USS million)

Industry

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

2015

A

Agriculture, forestry, annual husbandry and fishery

120.605

146,762

202,844

261,208

341.664

496.443

717,912

969,179

1.147,580

B

Mining

1.501.381

2,286.840

4.057,969

4.466.064

6.699.537

7.478.420

10.617.092

12,372,524

14,238.131

C*

Manufacturing

954.425

966.188

1.359,155

1.780.166

2,696.443

3,414.007

4.197.684

5,235,194

7,852,826

D*

Power, heat, gas and water production and supply

59,539

184.676

225,561

341,068

714,056

899,210

1,119.660

1,504,289

1,566,310

E

Construction

163.434

268.070

341.322

617,328

805.110

1.285.604

1.944.574

2,258,325

2,712,412

F

Transportation, warehousing and postal services

2,023,288

2,985,866

3,569,499

4.200,645

4.909.363

6,821,188

8,764.768

10,295,680

12,194.086

G*

Information transmission, software, and information technology services

1.205.904

1.452.002

1,663.133

2,318.780

2,526.131

2,922,653

3,222,778

3.468.163

3.990.552

H

Wholesale and retail sales

12.067

13.669

24.329

44.986

60.386

76.327

94.743

130.704

223,334

I

Accommodation and catering

190.089

166.696

196,724

840.624

955,324

481.971

738.440

1,232,599

2,092,752

J*

Finance

1,671.991

3.669.388

4.599.403

5,525,321

6,739,329

9.645.337

11,707,983

13,762,485

15.966.010

K

Real estate

451,386

409.814

534,343

726,642

898,616

958,141

1,542,126

2.464.903

3,349,305

L*

Leasing and business services

3,051,503

5,458,303

7,294,900

9,724,605

14,229.002

17,569,795

19,573,354

32,244,391

40.956,771

M

Scientific research and technical services

152,103

198,189

287,413

396,712

438,838

679,276

866.973

1.087,324

1.443,083

N*

Water, environment and public facilities management

92,121

106,289

106,508

113,343

240.196

7,056

34,242

133,365

254.191

O*

Life sendees, maintenance and other services

129,885

71.468

96.137

322,974

161,558

358,124

768.855

904.271

1.427.660

P

Education

1,740

1,749

2,123

2,394

6.657

16.479

20,105

18.464

28.662

Q*

Health, social security and social welfare

369

369

610

3,616

1,715

4,676

6.484

23,060

17,536

R*

Culture, sports and entertainment

9,220

10,733

13,565

34,583

54.142

79,351

110.067

159,522

325,098

S

Public administration, social security and social organization

160

Total

11,791,050

18,397,071

24,575,538

31,721,059

42,478,067

53,194,058

66,047,840

88,264,442

109,786,459

Note

* Indicates that data at the end of 2015 includes adjustment to historical data

 
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