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At the Forefront of Political Psychology: Essays in Honor of John L. Sullivan

: A Tribute to the Legacy of John L. SullivanJohn L. Sullivan: A Life in Political PsychologyOverview of ContributionsNotesReferencesI: The Sullivan Legacy in Tolerance Research: Unraveling the Complexities of ToleranceThe Persisting Challenge of Political IntoleranceReclaiming CitizenshipThe Empirical Foundations of ToleranceConclusionNotesReferences: Authoritarianism, Threat, and IntoleranceThe Conceptualization of AuthoritarianismSocial Conformity/Autonomy and IntoleranceAuthoritarianism and ThreatAuthoritarianism and Intolerance in Contemporary US PoliticsData and MeasuresAnalysisConclusionsAppendixNotesReferences: Putting Groups Back into the Study of Political IntoleranceThe Conventional Least-Liked TechnologyAdding Groups to the ModelData and MeasuresDependent Variable: Political ToleranceIndependent VariablesOther Perceived Attributes of the GroupEmotional Engagement with the GroupKnowing a Group MemberInter-Group Variance in Political ToleranceInvestigating Inter-group Variation in the Determinants of ToleranceTesting a Multilevel Level Model of Group InfluenceDiscussion and Concluding CommentsAcknowledgmentsAppendix A: Survey Details, Freedom and Tolerance SurveysAppendix B: The Distributions of the VariablesNotesReferences: The Promise of Adopting an Emotional Approach to Understanding and Reducing Political IntoleranceThe Contributions of John L. Sullivan: Illuminating Political IntoleranceNew Applications of Emotions Research into the Study of Political IntoleranceThe Driving Role of Discrete Emotions in Political IntoleranceEmotion Regulation as an Intolerance-Reducing InterventionSummary and Discussion: A Tolerant Society Is an Emotion-Regulated SocietyReferences: Tolerance and Threat Revisited: The Dynamics of Political Tolerance Under Persistent TerrorismContext and Threat in Political Tolerance StudiesTerrorism, Perceptions of Threat, and Tolerance: HypothesesMeasures and MethodsMethodMeasuresAnalysisTerrorism and Subjective Threat PerceptionsTerrorism, Subjective Threat Perceptions, and Political ToleranceConclusionsAppendixNotesReferences: Ethnic and Religious Tolerance in Poland through the Lens of the Sullivan et al. Framework(Re)conceptualizing ToleranceEthnic and Religious Tolerance in Poland: My Work to DateA Modified Framework for the Study of Ethnic and Religious ToleranceMy Findings to Date Concerning the Sources of Ethnicand Religious Tolerance in PolandTolerance of National and Ethnic Minorities' Rights Protected in the 2005 Law on National and Ethnic MinoritiesPsychological PredictorsEconomic ThreatInterpersonal Contact with National and Ethnic MinoritiesSocio-demographic and Political ControlsConditional Effects of Opinions about Cultural Diversity and ReligiosityOverview of Analytical StrategyTolerance of National and Ethnic Minorities' RightsSources of Tolerance of National and Ethnic Minorities' RightsConditional Effects of Opinions about Cultural Diversity and ReligiosityDiscussion and ConclusionsAppendix: MeasuresNotesReferences: Appreciating Madison’s Democracy: Perceived Homogeneity, Tolerance, and Support for Democratic ProcessesThe Impacts of Perceived HeterogeneityHeterogeneous Interests and the Need for ToleranceHeterogeneous Interests and Appreciation of Democratic ProcessesPolitical Tolerance and Support for Democratic ProcessesMethodsPerceived Homogeneity and Its EffectsThe Impact of Perceived HomogeneityRobustness CheckThe Relationship between Political Tolerance and Stealth Democracy AttitudesConclusionNotesReferences: Terror and Tolerance: The Challenge of Inclusion of Muslims in Western EuropeHypothesesImmediate vs. Extended Responses to Terror AttacksEx ante or Ex Post?DataEmpirical ResultsThe Main FindingCounter ExplanationsCompositional DifferencesSocial Desirability ConstraintsPolarizationGeneralizability and ScaleDiscussionConceptual vs. Operational ReplicationExperimental vs. ObservationalLiberal DemocracyNotesReferencesII: The Sullivan Legacy in Belief-Systems Research: Ideology in American Public Opinion, 1980–2004: The Changing Role of Individual DifferencesBackgroundSophistication and Reliance on the Liberal-Conservative ContinuumAlternative Perspectives on Mass IdeologyResolving the DifferencesEnvironmental Effects on Ideological Thinking?Objectives, Methodology, and DataThe Basic QuestionsMethodological StrategyDataEmpirical ResultsWMDS Point ConfigurationsVariability in Dimension WeightsDid Polarization Produce Sophistication?ConclusionsNotesReferences: Basic Human Values and Political Judgment: A Broader ApproachThe Limits of Core Political ValuesThe Promise of Basic Human ValuesBasic Human Values and Political JudgmentData and MeasuresStatistical and Substantive ResultsConclusion and ImplicationsMeasurement AppendixUniversalism ItemsConservation ItemsNotesReferences: A Closer Look at the Ideological Structuring of Political AttitudesConsiderations When Studying Mass Belief SystemsIdeology beyond Right vs. LeftFindings May Be Contingent on Measurement PracticesContextual Variation in the Nature and Correlates of Political Psychology ConstructsPutting It All Together: Reconsidering the Origins and Structure of Political IdeologyMenu-Independent and Menu-Dependent Influences of Needs for Security and CertaintyImplications for Attitude StructureConclusionNotesReferencesIII: Sullivan as Mentor: The Sullivan EffectIntellectual InfluencesA Rebuttal to the Claim of Ideological BankruptcyThe Group-Centric Nature of Public OpinionThe Influence of the Information EnvironmentThe Benefits of Comparative AnalysisOn a Personal NoteNoteReferences: Shaping the Future of Political Psychology, One Person at a TimeFunctions of Academic MentorsProfessional SupportSocio-emotional SupportRole ModelConclusionReferences: John L. Sullivan: Master MentorThe Power of WeA Focus on the Public GoodA Model CitizenTeaching MattersSincere ServiceTea and Tulips: John L. Sullivan’s Pillars of Wisdom and How They Influenced a Young ScholarSullivan's 1st Aphorism: Research is FunSullivan's 2nd Aphorism: Distinguish between Taking Your Work Seriously and Taking Yourself SeriouslySullivan's 3rd Aphorism: Be Generous and Flexible with Co-authorsSullivan's 4th Aphorism: It Is More Important to Be Right than to Satisfy ReviewersSullivan's 5th Aphorism: Trashing Other People's Work Does Not Make You CleverSullivan's 6th Aphorism: Take Teaching SeriouslySullivan's 7th Aphorism: Have a HinterlandConclusionReferences: John L. Sullivan: Mentoring by ExampleMaking People Comfortable in a Community of ScholarsScholarly Rights and ResponsibilitiesTeaching People to Learn by DoingNoteReferencesIV: Coda: Reflections on a Life in Political PsychologyOrigins of Political Psychology at the University of MinnesotaThe Village ApproachReferences

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