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Regular income structure

Regular incomes of Petr Doudlebsky of Doudleby can be divided into three basic categories: land rents from Land-Table estates, the salary paid to him from the Rosenberg chamber and, finally, interest profits. It was especially the numerous entries in the last category that prompted the knight to keep running records of his incomes. Registers in his own hand of the incomes expected on the individual accounting dates (St George and St Gall of each year) with additional marks denoting paid off receivables are preserved for 1546-1549. In other, occasionally made, records, Doudlebsky registered the principals of the loans along with the names of debtors and other information about his property (SOA Trebon, pobocka C. Krumlov, VS C. Krumlov, sign. I 5AE 7a, I 7B gamma 3e).

These sources make it possible to study the structure of Petr Doudlebsky’s incomes and the development of the value of his debentures in the last years of his life. On the other hand, we are lacking a more complex overview of the knight’s expenditures, apart from those that were a direct part of his business activities. A certain part of Petr’s incomes must have necessarily been paid in various taxes. Naturally, his expenses included payment for ordinary life necessities as well as the costs of his household and self-representation.

The table shows that Petr’s regular income from land rents dropped by almost a third between 1547 and 1548. The amount of the salary paid out to the Cesky Krumlov governor from the Rosenberg chamber was stable in 1546-1549. On the contrary, a steep increase in regular incomes from the lending business is visible during the very brief period preceding his death: on St George’s in 1546, he was to receive 255 threescore and 54 Meissen gro-schen from his debtors; as of St Gall 1546 and on both dates in 1547, it was already 297 threescore and 54 groschen and in 1548, 315 threescore and 54 groschen on St George’s and 333 threescore and 54 groschen on St Gall’s.

Table 17. / Basic categories of the regular income of Petr Doudlebsky of Doudleby in 1546-1549 - amounts and relations

Year

Date

Incomes (in Meissen groschen; thr. = threescore, gr. = groschen)

Land rents

Salary

Interests claimed

Total

1546

George

)

!%>

  • 20 thr.
  • ?%

255 thr. 54 gr. '%

?

Gall

  • 32 thr. 6 gr.
  • 9.171%
  • 20 thr.
  • 5.714%
  • 297 thr. 54 gr.
  • 85.114%

350 thr.

1547

George

  • 32 thr. 6 gr.
  • 9.171%
  • 20 thr.
  • 5.714%
  • 297 thr. 54 gr.
  • 85.114%

350 thr.

Gall

  • 32 thr.
  • 9.145%
  • 20 thr.
  • 5.716%
  • 297 thr. 54 gr.
  • 85.139%

349 thr. 54 gr.

1548

George

23 thr. 47 gr.[1] 6.612%

  • 20 thr.
  • 5.560%
  • 3 15 thr. 54 gr.
  • 87.827%

359 thr. 41 gr.

Gall

87 thr. (*) 19.732%

  • 20 thr.
  • 4.536%
  • 333 thr. 54 gr.
  • 75.731%

440 thr. 54 gr. (*)

1549

George

89 thr. (*) 20.371%

  • 20 thr.
  • 4.578%
  • 327 thr. 54 gr.
  • 75.051%

436 thr. 54 gr. (*)

Gall

22 thr. 39 gr.[2] 4.665%

  • 20 thr.
  • 4.1 19%
  • 442 thr. 54 gr.
  • 91.216%

485 thr. 33 gr.

Notes:

Profit from the lending business was by far the knight’s most important regular income in 1546-1549. Even with the delays of some of the instalments, the total of the interests received well exceeded Petr’s land rents and service salary combined. Until St Gall of 1547 inclusive, the salary reached less than two-thirds of the value of the income from his peasants. Then (based on dates for which we know the incomes not distorted by the inclusion of other entries) the income from land rents dropped almost to the level of the salary, which nevertheless remained the knight’s lowest income. Regular incomes from the Rosenberg chamber, thus did not play a more considerable part in the extension of Petr’s fortune. We know, however, that it was the service to the South Bohemian magnates that brought Doudlebsky to the prominent social milieu, which provided ideal opportunities for the development of his business activities.

  • [1] For this date, we also have separately quantified the amount of tax money Doudlebsky was to take over from his peasants: 11 threescore and 54/2 groschen.
  • [2] The claim of 24 threescore and 11 groschen was reduced by I threescore and 32 groschen from peasants whose homesteads had been damaged by fire. The sums denoted (*) include other entries added to land rents and not falling into the knight's regular incomes.Apart from land rents, the amounts in question include also tax money Doudlebsky collected from his peasants and delivered to tax collectors under his name. After Anna Rozmberska of Rogendorf repaid 200 threescore of Meissen groschen, the knight’s interest profit slightly deceased to 327 threescore and 54 groschen as of St George 1549. However, subsequent investments in loans totalling 2,300 threescore of Meissen groschen to Austrian noblemen considerably increased the source of Petr’s income under study. On the last accounting date of his life, St Gall in 1549, Doudlebsky was to receive 442 threescore and 54 groschen in interests. We need to point out, however, that while the amounts from land rents and the salary usually arrived on time, the interest profits of Petr Doudlebsky of Doudleby suffered from frequent delays of the individual instalments sometimes even stretching over several accounting dates. Petr was therefore forced to send the debtors reminders of interests; some arrears for the last accounting dates even had to be collected by his heirs (SOA Trebon, CR - listiny, z Doudleb 9, kart. 7, no. 423; SOA Trebon, CR - registratura, Doudlebsti z Doudleb, no. 6, 7, 20).
 
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