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Financial aspects of the property transactions of rural subjects in Moravia in the 16th and 17th centuries

Introduction

Since the end of the 20th century, as mentioned in the preface of this book, there has been a significant expansion of research into the financial management of the subject population in Moravia. The research focused mainly on a comprehensive analysis of records of various forms of property transactions with tenant farms, while the most frequently used source for this study was land registers (Prochâzka 1963). However, there has not been a deeper comparison of the achieved results from several manorial estates in Moravia or the Czech lands which would affect the existence and scope of the instalment system, farm holding prices, size of earnest payments, farm money, and credit business of individual subjects and institutions operating in the rural milieu (or the milieu of small towns) in a long time frame without the comparison being limited to a short period of the Thirty Years’ War (Chocholàc 2017). The aim of the chapter is to generalize the achieved knowledge with this broadly conceived comparison.

Nevertheless, it is also necessary to draw attention to the limitations and parameters of the comparison conducted in the Introduction. Research on individual estates was carried out in the form of a probe at different number of localities (one to five), one of which was usually a small town. Namely, they were the estate Pernstejn and villages Cernovice, Chlébské, Olesnicka, Sejrek, and the township Stëpânov (Chocholàc 1989, 1990), the estate Tele and villages Doupë, Nevcehle, Strachonovice (Valusek, 1998), Hostënice, Rûzenâ and the township Mrakotin and the estate Zd’âr (nad Sâzavou) and the villages Pocitky, Radesin, and the township Dolni Bobrova (Chocholàc 1999); the estate Bojkovice with the homonymous small town (Janik 2002); the estate Brumov and the villages Lipina, Mirosov, Smolina, Tichov, and the town Valasské Klobouky (Odehnal 2007, 2011) and the estate Novy Svetlov and the villages Sehradice (partially), the estate Boskovice and villages Krhov, Skalice, Sudice, and Zdârnâ (Vanek 1997) and the estate Dfevohostice with the homonymous small town (Vohnickÿ 2014). With regard to the preservation of the sources (especially land registers) there was no research on theindividual estates in precisely limited periods despite the fact that three basic time intervals could be defined for comparison which showed the highest frequency of research conducted: the Pre-White Mountain Period (from the 1580s to 1618), the Thirty Years’ War and the second half of the 17th century. Possible overlaps into the earlier or later periods were independently taken into account for the individual examined issues.

 
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