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Concluding thoughts

Our overarching intention was to consider the development of strategic processing across the lifespan as well as to offer a framework in which this development is illustrated. We believe the current developmental framework enables us to better understand previously executed empirical studies and to design future studies on mapping and stimulating learners’ strategic processing. More particularly, the framework offers a rationale for the use of interventions targeting learners’ strategic processing, as well as envisions the paths for strategy research that lies ahead.

As the saying goes, the present belongs to those who have learned but the future belongs to those who are learning (Weinstein et al., 2011). Our 21st century requires us to prepare learners for lifelong learning throughout the different stages of their lifespan. Having an extensive strategy repertoire that can be applied efficiently and flexibly, is a first important step toward becoming an effective learner.

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