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A short course of lectures
«Marine Anthropogenic Litter»

Larger Plastic LitterMicroplastics in the Pacific OceanRate of AccumulationCleaning ProductsNovel Polymer FormulationsNanopolymers and NanofillersMicroplastics in the OceansModels to Assess the Importance of Microplastic IngestionAgricultureMicroplastic Effect on HabitatsImpacts of Plastic IngestionComparisons with Other Environmental MediaThe Contribution of Citizen Scientists to the Monitoring of Marine LitterPlastic Debris as a Source of Environmental ContaminantsInteractions of Microplastics with Marine OrganismsEstimating the Economic Impacts of Marine LitterThe Accumulation of Chemicals on Plastic Debris in the Marine EnvironmentProcess of AccumulationTypes of Management Measures to Combat Marine LitterOther Species Attracted to Marine LitterFishDiscussionMicroplasticsValidation of Data and SamplesCase StudyVisual IdentificationOccurrence of Microand Nanoplastics in the EnvironmentReproductive TraitsFrançois Galgani, Georg Hanke and Thomas MaesPlastic Marine Debris: A Complex Mixture of ChemicalsBioaccumulation and Effects of NanoplasticsLaboratory Preparation of SamplesSpatial ScaleComparison of Citizen Science and Professional Science Studies on Marine LitterFisheriesMarine Litter Studies Supported by Citizen ScientistsMitigation Measures and Long-Term Changes in Marine LitterMobilityVariability by Plastic Type and SizeMethodology Used for the Detection and Identification of Microplastics—A Critical AppraisalNanoplastics in the Aquatic Environment. Critical ReviewEffects of EntanglementWays of Plastic IngestionData Collection and Quality Control of Citizen-Science StudiesSediment SamplingToxicity of Plastic Debris to Marine LifeFate of Plastics Entering the OceansAssessing the Risks that Microand Nanoplastics Pose to Human HealthTrophic TransferEntanglementExamples of Instruments on Marine LitterFPA-based Micro-FTIR SpectroscopyWeathering Under Marine ConditionsVisual Quantification of MicroplasticsImplications and RecommendationsWhat Kinds of Plastics Are in Use?Spatial VariabilityDetection and Occurrence of NanoplasticSea TurtlesTextilesCharges for Port Reception FacilitiesRegulation and Management of Marine LitterSubtidal SedimentsDefining Sources and Pathways of MicroplasticRegional InstrumentsExtraction of MicroplasticsIndirect Physical Effects of Plastic IngestionMedicinesBioaccumulation and EffectsHazards Associated with Plastic IngredientsWays of EntanglementComposition of Rafting Assemblages on Floating LitterPlastic Debris as a Sink for Environmental ContaminantsIdentification of Microplastics by Their Chemical CompositionSediment SamplesMechanisms of Photo-OxidationModeling the Role of Microplastics in Bioaccumulation of Organic Chemicals to Marine Aquatic Organisms. A Critical ReviewIR SpectroscopyCompositionBioaccumulationBenthic InvertebratesThe Early 1970s—Pellets and Other Problems in the North AtlanticSeabirds and Seals—The First Signs of TroubleMicroplastics in the Indian Ocean and Marginal SeasModelling the Distribution of MicroplasticsPyrolysis-GC/MSPlanktonic InvertebratesPlastic Debris, Environmental Chemical Contaminants and Environmental FateIngestion of Microand Nanoplastics and Uptake Across the GutBuoyancy and Sampling ErrorsTraining of VolunteersShipping and YachtingMicroand NanoplasticsGlobal Distribution, Composition and Abundance of Marine LitterHazards Associated with the Complex Mixture of Plastic and Sorbed PollutantsII Biological Implications of Marine LitterInteraction of Microspheres and Nanoparticles with Cells and TissuesDefinitions of MicroplasticsSuccession of the Rafting CommunityInternational InstrumentsSources, Detection and Occurrence of NanoplasticDecomposition and DisintegrationMaterials and MethodsModel-Based Assessment of Implications and Risks of Plastic-Associated ChemicalsMicroplastics in the Marine Environment: Distribution, Interactions and EffectsInto the Southern HemisphereSeafloorFloating Marine DebrisMicroplastics in European Seas and the Mediterranean SeaDistributionMitigating MeasuresIdentification of MicroplasticsPlastics and Human HealthRaman SpectroscopyFeeding BiologyDeleterious Effects of Litter on Marine LifeRegions Where Studies Have Been DoneFloating Litter as Dispersal VectorDensity Separation with Subsequent C:H:N AnalysisLeaching of Toxic Chemicals from PlasticsFood Web TransportRecommendations for Citizen-Science Projects on Marine LitterPersistence of Plastic Litter in the OceansBiological Traits of Rafting Invertebrates on Floating LitterSummarizing Discussion and RecommendationsMicroplastics in the Atlantic OceanPreparation of Easy and Straight-Forward ProtocolsBeachesWater SamplesMarine MammalsLandfill Taxes/LeviesFPA-based Micro-FTIR Analysis of Pre-extracted Particles in Sediment SamplesBiotaIngestionIntentional IngestionA Brief History of Marine Litter ResearchHuman HealthChoosing Economic InstrumentsSafer Alternatives to BPARemoving MeasuresSea BirdsBeachesPlastic Bag InitiativesAloha—The Marine Debris ConferencesAquacultureIV Socio-economic Implications of Marine Anthropogenic LitterResearch TopicMicroplastics in Polar RegionsPhoto-Oxidative DegradationI Abiotic Aspects of Marine Litter PollutionIngestion of PlasticBisphenol a and Human HealthFate of NanoplasticThe Complex Mixture, Fate and Toxicity of Chemicals Associated with Plastic Debris in the Marine EnvironmentMicroand Nano-plastics and Human HealthThe Global Distribution of Microplastics in the SeaPlastics and Their Chemical IngredientsNational InstrumentsEquilibrium PartitioningSources of NanoplasticRecommendationsIII MicroplasticsSample PurificationGeneral Mechanisms of InstrumentsGranular ParticlesDirect Mortality Caused by Plastic IngestionPotential Gaps in Marine Litter ManagementInstruments of Marine Litter at International, Regional and National LevelsPreventive MeasuresChain of Impacts Related to Plastic IngestionTemporal ScaleImplications of Chemicals and Nanofillers Associated with NanoplasticsInteractions with Biological Materials and CellsImpacts from Species DispersalResultsBeach Cleaning, Tourism and RecreationMicroand Nanoplastics and Human HealthSampling for MicroplasticsSources and Pathways of Microplastics to HabitatsAccidental and Secondary IngestionSmotheringPackaging Producer Responsibility in the EUShifting Focus to the North Pacific OceanChemical Effects from Plastic IngestionBehavior-Changing MeasuresGlobal TransportMarine Litter and Economic IncentivesExtraction of MicroplasticsMarine Litter as Habitat and Dispersal VectorMicroplastics in the Marine Environment: Sources, Consequences and SolutionsTaxonomic OverviewSpecific Challenges in Nanoplastic Effect ResearchThe Economics of Marine LitterFloating Litter as a HabitatAnticipated Future TrendsSpatial and Temporal Patterns in the Abundance of MicroplasticsPlastic Degradation and the Microplastic BoomIn Situ Supervision by ProfessionalsSize Fractionation
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