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A short course of lectures
«Marine Anthropogenic Litter»

Mechanisms of Photo-OxidationSubtidal SedimentsBioaccumulationCompositionCase StudyModelling the Distribution of MicroplasticsThe Early 1970s—Pellets and Other Problems in the North AtlanticIngestion of Microand Nanoplastics and Uptake Across the GutIdentification of MicroplasticsTypes of Management Measures to Combat Marine LitterPlastic Marine Debris: A Complex Mixture of ChemicalsSafer Alternatives to BPAPlastics and Their Chemical IngredientsSeabirds and Seals—The First Signs of TroubleInstruments of Marine Litter at International, Regional and National LevelsSample PurificationImpacts of Plastic IngestionSea BirdsPreparation of Easy and Straight-Forward ProtocolsExamples of Instruments on Marine LitterMicroplastics in the OceansEstimating the Economic Impacts of Marine LitterComposition of Rafting Assemblages on Floating LitterRaman SpectroscopySummarizing Discussion and RecommendationsMarine MammalsSediment SamplesHazards Associated with Plastic IngredientsII Biological Implications of Marine LitterBeachesPhoto-Oxidative DegradationFPA-based Micro-FTIR SpectroscopySmotheringMicroplastics in the Atlantic OceanAnticipated Future TrendsPlastic Degradation and the Microplastic BoomModels to Assess the Importance of Microplastic IngestionImpacts from Species DispersalMicroand Nano-plastics and Human HealthFrançois Galgani, Georg Hanke and Thomas MaesDiscussionAquacultureFloating Litter as a HabitatTrophic TransferVisual Quantification of MicroplasticsInteraction of Microspheres and Nanoparticles with Cells and TissuesBenthic InvertebratesCleaning ProductsMarine Litter and Economic IncentivesSpatial and Temporal Patterns in the Abundance of MicroplasticsRecommendationsRemoving MeasuresTemporal ScaleGranular ParticlesPlastic Debris as a Sink for Environmental ContaminantsIR SpectroscopyBiotaFloating Marine DebrisBuoyancy and Sampling ErrorsMicroplastic Effect on HabitatsExtraction of MicroplasticsProcess of AccumulationThe Economics of Marine LitterBeach Cleaning, Tourism and RecreationWays of Plastic IngestionResultsTraining of VolunteersMicroand Nanoplastics and Human HealthFate of NanoplasticRegional InstrumentsNovel Polymer FormulationsFisheriesSeafloorTextilesRegions Where Studies Have Been DoneInteractions with Biological Materials and CellsWeathering Under Marine ConditionsFloating Litter as Dispersal VectorOther Species Attracted to Marine LitterToxicity of Plastic Debris to Marine LifeThe Contribution of Citizen Scientists to the Monitoring of Marine LitterMicroplastics in the Marine Environment: Distribution, Interactions and EffectsNanopolymers and NanofillersShifting Focus to the North Pacific OceanMitigation Measures and Long-Term Changes in Marine LitterVisual IdentificationFood Web TransportThe Complex Mixture, Fate and Toxicity of Chemicals Associated with Plastic Debris in the Marine EnvironmentWhat Kinds of Plastics Are in Use?Variability by Plastic Type and SizeChoosing Economic InstrumentsAgricultureEffects of EntanglementBehavior-Changing MeasuresIdentification of Microplastics by Their Chemical CompositionMicroplastics in European Seas and the Mediterranean SeaFeeding BiologyEntanglementDensity Separation with Subsequent C:H:N AnalysisPreventive MeasuresNational InstrumentsImplications of Chemicals and Nanofillers Associated with NanoplasticsSea TurtlesSampling for MicroplasticsSuccession of the Rafting CommunityInternational InstrumentsIII MicroplasticsComparison of Citizen Science and Professional Science Studies on Marine LitterCharges for Port Reception FacilitiesInto the Southern HemisphereGlobal TransportAccidental and Secondary IngestionImplications and RecommendationsReproductive TraitsModel-Based Assessment of Implications and Risks of Plastic-Associated ChemicalsMicroplastics in the Marine Environment: Sources, Consequences and SolutionsThe Global Distribution of Microplastics in the SeaOccurrence of Microand Nanoplastics in the EnvironmentData Collection and Quality Control of Citizen-Science StudiesGeneral Mechanisms of InstrumentsDeleterious Effects of Litter on Marine LifeNanoplastics in the Aquatic Environment. Critical ReviewInteractions of Microplastics with Marine OrganismsFishSources, Detection and Occurrence of NanoplasticLaboratory Preparation of SamplesShipping and YachtingMicroand NanoplasticsModeling the Role of Microplastics in Bioaccumulation of Organic Chemicals to Marine Aquatic Organisms. A Critical ReviewMethodology Used for the Detection and Identification of Microplastics—A Critical AppraisalResearch TopicHuman HealthPyrolysis-GC/MSA Brief History of Marine Litter ResearchGlobal Distribution, Composition and Abundance of Marine LitterAloha—The Marine Debris ConferencesFate of Plastics Entering the OceansSize FractionationPersistence of Plastic Litter in the OceansIntentional IngestionSpatial VariabilityDecomposition and DisintegrationEquilibrium PartitioningMicroplasticsMaterials and MethodsLeaching of Toxic Chemicals from PlasticsBisphenol a and Human HealthDistributionSources of NanoplasticRate of AccumulationValidation of Data and SamplesSpatial ScaleMitigating MeasuresRegulation and Management of Marine LitterBeachesTaxonomic OverviewMedicinesBioaccumulation and Effects of NanoplasticsChain of Impacts Related to Plastic IngestionMobilityPlastics and Human HealthHazards Associated with the Complex Mixture of Plastic and Sorbed PollutantsExtraction of MicroplasticsLarger Plastic LitterIV Socio-economic Implications of Marine Anthropogenic LitterWater SamplesLandfill Taxes/LeviesAssessing the Risks that Microand Nanoplastics Pose to Human HealthPlastic Debris, Environmental Chemical Contaminants and Environmental FateChemical Effects from Plastic IngestionMarine Litter as Habitat and Dispersal VectorIndirect Physical Effects of Plastic IngestionThe Accumulation of Chemicals on Plastic Debris in the Marine EnvironmentDefining Sources and Pathways of MicroplasticSources and Pathways of Microplastics to HabitatsFPA-based Micro-FTIR Analysis of Pre-extracted Particles in Sediment SamplesDefinitions of MicroplasticsIn Situ Supervision by ProfessionalsIngestion of PlasticPlanktonic InvertebratesMicroplastics in the Pacific OceanRecommendations for Citizen-Science Projects on Marine LitterDetection and Occurrence of NanoplasticBiological Traits of Rafting Invertebrates on Floating LitterMicroplastics in Polar RegionsIngestionWays of EntanglementPlastic Debris as a Source of Environmental ContaminantsPotential Gaps in Marine Litter ManagementPlastic Bag InitiativesPackaging Producer Responsibility in the EUComparisons with Other Environmental MediaSediment SamplingI Abiotic Aspects of Marine Litter PollutionSpecific Challenges in Nanoplastic Effect ResearchMarine Litter Studies Supported by Citizen ScientistsDirect Mortality Caused by Plastic IngestionBioaccumulation and EffectsMicroplastics in the Indian Ocean and Marginal Seas
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