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A short course of lectures
«Reflections on the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Accident»





Attempts in Nuclear Engineering CommunityFormat for Students' Discussion at the Summer SchoolCitizen Scientist: From Nuclear Engineers to GKS1350021Thoughts on Emergency Workers' Dose Limit, by Toshiyuki Aratani, the University of TokyoDistinguishing External from Internal ExposureThe Second Period (1978–1999)PAGESProgress in Human Reliability AnalysisLong-Term Energy and Environmental StrategiesLevel 1Where Was the Weakness in Application of Defense-in-Depth Concept and Why?Planning for PAGES 2011 Summer SchoolModel SimulationRadiation Doses Due to ContaminationEnergy Modeling Challenge After FukushimaSocial InstallationIV Reflections by Students and MentorsNuclear Engineers for Society: What Education can doShort Reflection of Basic Safety IssuesResultsGoals for This ChapterDifferences in Plant Responses Among 17 Nuclear Power PlantsModel 1: Release from Fuel with Known/Assumed InventoryCalculated ResultsV Education in FutureCultural Attitude IssuesNuclear Safety RegulationWaste Generation by DecontaminationRequirements for New Regulatory SystemLinear-No-Threshold ModelApproach Based on Radionuclide Release Analysis: Model 1Purpose of ModelingThe Basic Points About the Fukushima Daiichi Accident from the Perspective of “Structural Disaster”Discussing the Fukushima Daiichi CatastropheGeneral ObservationWhat Is Resilience?Concept, Aim, and Design of PAGES 2011 Summer SchoolLegislation for Radioactive Waste Management after Fukushima Daiichi AccidentPreambleI Understanding the Fukushima Daiichi Accident and Its ConsequencesWho Am I? What Is My Own Role on Earth? by Shin-etsu Sugawara, the University of TokyoManagement of Severe AccidentFuture ChallengesInvisibility Versus Transparency: The Ex-SKF BlogThe Hidden Accident and the Outbreak of War with the U.S. and Britain: How Did Japan Deal with the Problem?The Sociological Implications for the Fukushima Daiichi Accident: Beyond Success or FailureSurface Radioactivity ConcentrationsTowards More Open-Minded Nuclear Engineering Diversity, Independence and Public GoodAssessment of ResilienceLegitimacyRecommendations and Requirements Derived from Lessons LearnedIntrospectionMinimizing and Treating Exposure to RadiationStandardization and InternationalizationUnit 1Era of Human ErrorClosing ObservationsBuilding Sustainable Interdisciplinary BridgesResultsNuclear Education Reform Before the Fukushima Daiichi AccidentRadionuclides Released from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power PlantPost-Fukushima Questions and AnswersAppendix A: The Conventional Approach to Risk AssessmentPaths into the ProjectWhat Are the Problems with the Current Situation?A Perspective on Natural Versus Man-Made RadiationEra of TechnologySafety Culture, Ethics and RiskThe Chernobyl AccidentUnit 3Safety Culture and the Accident, by Hiroshi Madokoro, the University of TokyoOccurrence of the Accident and Release, Transport, and Washout of the Radiation PlumeRemediation and GKS1350021: Teaching Contamination as a Literary CriticThe Role of Nuclear Engineers in Society, by Eva Uribe, University of California, BerkeleyAim and Design of PAGES 2011 ProgramNatural HazardsEthics, Risk and Safety Culture Reflections on Fukushima and BeyondChronic Exposure to Low Dose RadiationManagement of Contaminated WaterRisk Perception and Communication, by Petrus, Tokai UniversityEvaluation of PAGES 2011Low Dose Ionizing RadiationFirst-Generation HRAExternal EventsSpent Fuel Pool CoolingThe Size of the Radiological Impact Outside JapanCommunication with Experts in Other FieldsScientist Citizen: Cecile Pineda's Devil's Tango: How I Learned the Fukushima Step by StepEnvironmental Contamination and Decontamination After Fukushima Daiichi AccidentInformation Sharing at the Accident, by Haruyuki Ogino, the University of TokyoThe Fukushima Accident and Radiological ImpactPoints Discussed During the ProgramFundamental ConceptsDesign of Buildings, Systems and ComponentsGreater Public Good and Rationality,by Denia Djokic, University of California, BerkeleyRegulatory GuidelinesBenefits Versus Risk,by Keisuke Kawahara, the University of TokyoHow Has This Status Quo Been Generated?Model 3: Atmospheric Transport ModelComparison Between ApproachesStudents' EssaysStrengthening IndependenceLunchbox-Toolbox: GKS1350021 and Nuclear EngineersA Particular Challenge to Engineering as a ProfessionEnsuring Integrative CapabilitiesUnit 1Categorizing the Health Effects of RadiationLunchbox-Toolbox: Meeting Joonhong AhnWeakness in the Application of Defense-in-Depth ConceptThe “Structural Disaster” of the Science-TechnologySociety InterfaceSafety Culture and High Reliability OrganizationRegionally Disaggregated DNE21Impact of Fukushima Daiichi Accident on Japan's Nuclear Fuel Cycle and Spent Fuel ManagementHistorical Perspective on Culture and TechnologyRisk Analysis and Public Confidence, by Naomi Kaida, the University of TokyoTwo Regulatory “Failures”—Systemic Causes of the Fukushima Daiichi AccidentCommunication with Society and the General PublicDeterministic Versus Stochastic EffectsPrefaceDon't Refuse, but Inspired by the Voice from SocietyBenefits of Nuclear Power, by Christina Novila Soewono, Tokai UniversityPolitical Impact in Europe from FukushimaUnit 2IAEA ReportsLoss of Heat SinkUnits 1 and 3From Fukushima to the World How to Learn from the Experience in JapanLink with National Culture“Failure” of Voluntary Safety EffortsEngineers, Social Scientists, and Nuclear Power A Narrative from WithinEstimating the Exposure to Ionizing Radiation and Subsequent ImpactCorrelating Radiation Exposure with Health EffectsEffective CommunicationEducating the Post-Fukushima Nuclear EngineerResults and EvaluationKey Issues in Resilience EngineeringEssential Characteristics of ResilienceEarlier AccidentsRadiation Risk Communication, by Kazumasa Shimada, the University of TokyoGeneral Concepts for Various ModelsConcluding Remarks: Conflicting Values and MotivesEra of ResilienceHardware FocusApproach Based on Radiation MonitorThe Three Mile Island AccidentManagement of Radioactive Wastes Generated Within Nuclear Power StationResilience in Ordinary SituationsConcluding Remarks: Independence and Diversity of Nuclear Engineering for Unprecedented ChallengeGoNERIThe European UnionConcept of Radioactive Waste DisposalRelated StudiesStudents' ReflectionsNuclear Safety Regulation in Japan and Impacts of the Fukushima Daiichi AccidentVoice, Tone, Trust, and PowerSocial-Scientific Literacy EducationImplications of the Fukushima Daiichi Accident to Nuclear EngineeringModeling of Decontamination to Help Decision MakingCommunication on Science and TechnologyRadioactive Waste Management After Fukushima Daiichi AccidentManagement of Nuclear Fuels in Nuclear Reactors and Spent Fuel PoolHydrogen DetonationResilience Engineering A New Horizon of Systems SafetyDefining and Measuring Ionizing RadiationDirect Versus Indirect EffectsFrequent ShufflingIII Basis for Moving ForwardPlant ExplosionAccident Progression for Units 1–3“Failure” of Interdisciplinary CommunicationReflections on Fukushima DaiichiFinal Remarks Regarding Nuclear Engineering as a ProfessionConcluding RemarksA Brief History of Nuclear Engineering EducationUnit 4Level 5Transparency and SharingWhere Do We Go from Here?The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant AccidentPolitical Impact of the Fukushima Daiichi Accident in EuropeMotivation for This ChapterDefinition of ResilienceBenefits Versus Risks, by Kampanart Silva, the University of TokyoII EtiologyAfter the AccidentAnalysis of Radioactive Release from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power StationTwo-Agency SystemMethods of AnalysisThe Accident Kept SecretThe Role of Nuclear Engineers in Society,by Tatsuhiko Sugiyama, the University of TokyoPreambleDecision SupportWas Mr. Yoshida Ethical? by Lukis MacKie, University of Tennessee, KnoxvilleUnit 2Present Situation of Cores and PCVs of Units 1–3Understanding the Health Impacts and Risks of Exposure to RadiationTrustThe Third Period (Since 1999)The Development Trajectory of the Kanpon Type and Its PitfallsEra of Socio-Technical InteractionsSecond-Generation HRAEmergency Power SupplyReflections on Developing an Identity for the Third Generation Nuclear Engineer in the Post-Fukushima SocietyAcute Versus Chronic EffectsInfluence of Green Politics in EuropeLessons Learned and Recommendations DerivedHomogeneous Versus Heterogeneous IrradiationPrologueThe First Period (1957–1978)Examples for Potential Countermeasures and/or Technologies to be AppliedMechanisms Considered in the ModelDemocratization of Nuclear Engineering: Not Just for Political Correctness, but Also for Innovation of TechnologyEvent Sequence of the Fukushima Daiichi AccidentUnfruitful Results from the AttemptsReform of EducationIs Communication Essential for Advancing Nuclear Engineering?Measurement at Severe AccidentsAppendix C: The Accident Sequence at Fukushima DaiichiModel 2: Codes for Severe Accident Progression AnalysisHistorical Progress of Nuclear Safety Regulation in JapanConcluding RemarksA Request: From GKS1350021 to Nuclear EngineersRole of Nuclear Professionals After Fukushima, by Kenta Horio, the University of TokyoAppendix: Mathematical FormulationsHealth Effects and ConsequencesThe AccidentShift in the Focal Point of Systems SafetyUncertainty and Safety PhilosophyDenial of Nuclear Power: A Message from Japanese CourtConcluding RemarksSpecific Arrangements for Educational EffectivenessOverview of the AccidentEnvironmental ContaminationLevel 4Integrating Social-Scientific Literacy in Nuclear Engineering Education Approaches Developed in the GoNERI ProgramContamination and Environmental CleanupBeginning to Understand Professional Ethics as a ResponsibilityUnprecedented Mega-EarthquakeResponses from Nuclear Engineers in JapanSocial Aspect of ResilienceMitigation Measures Against Severe AccidentsStatus QuoImplementation Process of ResilienceUnit 3Future DirectionsImplications and Lessons for Advanced Reactor Design and OperationInterdependencies Between SystemsFaculty Development and EvaluationThe “Structural Disaster” of the Science-Technology-Society Interface From a Comparative Perspective with a Prewar AccidentSimulation Assumptions and SettingsSearching for FitRegarding Public Communication as a Form of ProfessionalismNuclear and Photovoltaic (PV) ModelingThree Mile Island and Fukushima Some Reflections on the History of Nuclear PowerModel 4: Ambient Dose Rate from the Contaminated GroundModel and DataTechnical Assessments and Stress Tests in EuropeEvaluationsAppendix B: Defense in DepthCognitive Model of Team PerformanceWhat Is a Professional?The Role of Engineers in Democratic Societies, by Christian Di Sanzo, University of California, BerkeleyTsunamiPAGES 2009 and 2010 Summer Schools
 
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