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XI Toward Sustainable Wheat Production

The opinions expressed and arguments employed in this publication are the sole responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the OECD or of the governments of its Member countries.

The Special Session was sponsored by the OECD Co-operative Research Programme on Biological Resource Management for Sustainable Agricultural Systems, whose financial support made it possible for most of the invited speakers to participate in the Special Session.

Recapitulating the OECD-CRP Session (Sponsored by the OECD's Co-operative Research Program on Biological Resource Management for Sustainable Agricultural Systems)

The Special Session was sponsored by the OECD Co-operative Research Programme on Biological Resource Management for Sustainable Agricultural Systems, whose financial support made it possible for most of the invited speakers to participate in the Special Session.

In the specially arranged OECD Co-operative Research Program (CRP) sponsoredsession titled 'Sustainable food chain challenging for adaptation and mitigation to the climate change and global food security', six distinguished scientists in their respective field presented their latest scientific progress. Relevant sectors to the International Wheat Genetics Symposium, the Japanese Flour Millers Association and the Australian Grain Research and Development Corporation (GRDC), presented the actual demands and requirements of the wheat industry in the plenary talks. Status and movement of the two international wheat science initiatives, the International Wheat Conference (IWC) and the Wheat Initiative (WI), were introduced and future interactions and compilation necessary to encourage the wheat science society in the area of wheat genomics/post-genomics were discussed. The section, 'Enhancing relevance and efficiency of wheat science for the society' recapitulated the scientific approaches to and the socio-economical relevance/efficiency of wheat science vital to drafting an action plan by the international wheat science society.

Aim of This Session and Its Relation with OECD-CRP

Wheat is the most widely grown staple food crop in the world. IWGS has been promoting the latest research outcomes and discussions on wheat genetics, breeding and biodiversity in order to contribute to the better understanding of the food chain issues. Worldwide food crisis and climate change, which adversely affect the food chain are common threats to all humankind. IWGS has endeavored to lead wheat research for development to save the world from starvation just like what the Green Revolution had done. The OECD members are on the verge of a phase to concentrate the wisdom of science in an attempt to challenge these global threats at the coming of age of wheat genomics. IWGS can open windows for sustaining links of international collaborative research covering the topics under the OECD-CRP research theme 'The Food Chain'.

Wheat is a major renewable resource for food, feed and industrial raw material, and is among the major crops of the OECD countries. It is the most widely cultivated cereal worldwide, covering over 200 million ha of agricultural lands and the second most abundant staple crop for humankind; it is also an important commodity crop for the OECD countries. We should address the challenge to double its yield in the coming half century to meet the food requirement as calorie intake of the growing global population. At the same time, we should preserve the earth environment conserving the biodiversity for sustainability, food hygiene and energy production. G20 Agriculture Ministers met in Paris on June 22nd–23rd, 2011 and agreed to formulate the Ministerial Declaration on 'Action Plan on Food Price Volatility and Agriculture'. It issued a statement to tackle the threats to increasing sustainable wheat production, and to promote the Wheat Initiative (WI) which reinforces synergies between national and international wheat research programs. IWGS will be a great opportunity to launch international discussions and actions towards recommending a direction for food chain policies.

 
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