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Pets and People: The Ethics of Our Relationships with Companion Animals

PREFACE“Pets”“Relationships”“Companion Animals”NotesReferencesI THE NATURE OF THE HUMAN / COMPANION ANIMAL RELATIONSHIP AND ITS ETHICAL FOUNDATIONSCOMPANION AND ASSISTANCE ANIMALS: BENEFITS, WELFARE SAFEGUARDS, AND RELATIONSHIPSThe Historical LegacyThe “Utilization with Welfare Safeguards” ModelDangerous MotivesTacit Value ClaimsUnclear Cases and the Momentum ProblemComplex Uses and Benefits: “No Ability” and “Lost Ability”Simpler Uses and BenefitsOur Primary Obligation to Companion AnimalsSelf-Interested Motives?“Lost Ability” Cases and the Gratitude ArgumentImplications for “No Ability” CasesMore Radical Implications?ConclusionNotesReferencesFRIENDSHIP WITH COMPANION ANIMALSPets, Friends, or Companions?Friendship in PhilosophyAccounts of Friendship: Value, Virtue, and InfluenceHow Do Nonhuman Animals Fit These Accounts of Friendship?Barriers to Friendship: Power, Intellectual Capacity, and EthicsConclusionReferencesBUILDING A MEANINGFUL SOCIAL WORLD BETWEEN HUMAN AND COMPANION ANIMALS THROUGH EMPATHYWhat is Empathy?Our Companion AnimalsNotesCARE, MORAL PROGRESS, AND COMPANION ANIMALSWhat is Care Theory?Habits of Touch and ImaginationCare, Companionship, and InstrumentalityCompanion Animals, Moral Progress, and Ethical Veganism: Dogs Versus DogmatismNotesA TWO-LEVEL UTILITARIAN ANALYSIS OF RELATIONSHIPS WITH PETSThe Principle of Utility, ILS Rules, and PragmatismJustifying the Institution or Practice of Pet-KeepingModifying the Institution or Practice of Pet-KeepingTwo Additional ConsiderationsAcknowledgmentsReferences“I DON’T WANT THE RESPONSIBILITY” THE MORAL IMPLICATIONS OF AVOIDING DEPENDENCY RELATIONS WITH COMPANION ANIMALsNotesReferencesETHICAL BEHAVIOR IN ANIMALSNoteReferencesII LIVING WITH COMPANION ANIMALSOUR WHIMSY, THEIR WELFARE ON THE ETHICS OF PEDIGREE-BREEDINGBreed-Associated Disease: A Very Short OverviewAn Argument against Pedigree-BreedingIs Pedigree-Breeding Inherently Risky?The Objection from Non-IdentityThe Best-Interest ObjectionConclusionNoteReferencesDOES PREVENTING REPRODUCTION MAKE FOR BAD CARE?Characterizing the Human-Companion Animal RelationshipWelfarism versus AbolitionismCommunity MembershipReproduction as Practice: Typical Versus Essential FeaturesValuing Reproduction through Valuing the SelfPreferences and the Good in Relationships and Communities: Respecting our CompanionsAcknowledgmentsNotesReferences“LASSIE, COME HOME!” ETHICAL CONCERNS ABOUT COMPANION ANIMAL CLONINGWhat Pet Cloning Is and What It InvolvesCloned Pets as Luxury ItemsPet Cloning and Relationships of CareThe Exploitation of Pet OwnersWhy Commodifying Pets through Cloning Is a Form of Illegitimate CommodificationAre Animal Companions of Greater Moral Worth than Other Animals?The Current Status of the Pet Cloning IndustryConclusionNotesReferencesREPRODUCING COMPANION ANIMALSAnti-Natalist ArgumentsAbolitionist ArgumentsHarm Prevention ArgumentsConclusionNotesFOR DOG’S SAKE, ADOPT!A Duty to Adopt Animal Companions: Comparison with Human AdoptionTo Meet a Need Rather Than BreedImportant DifferencesOn Why So Many Shop Rather Than AdoptConclusionNotesReferencesTHE ANIMAL lovers' paradox? ON THE ETHICS OF “PET FOOD”DignityNaturalnessFreedomHealthConcluding RemarksAcknowledgmentsNotesReferencesTHE ETHICS OF ANIMAL TRAININGAn Unsettling DominanceResponses to DominanceSocialization Versus TrainingConclusionNotesReferencesANIMAL ASSISTED INTERVENTION AND CITIZENSHIP THEORYDogs: Ideal Candidates for AAIDifferent Forms of Citizen Canine Cooperation and “Work”Selves, Not ToolsNon-Coercive Training and SocializationDuties of Protection and Medical CareRights to Residency and MobilityConclusionReferences“SEX WITHOUT ALL THE POLITICS”? SEXUAL ETHICS AND HUMAN-CANINE RELATIONSWhy White Men?Why Dogs?Why Feminism?NotesReferencesTHROW OUT THE DOG? DEATH, LONGEVITY, AND COMPANION ANIMALSThe Concept of DeathDeath Is Not Bad for AnimalsReply to VellemanDeath Is Not as Bad for Animals as for Human BeingsReply to DeGraziaPremature Death Is Not Bad for AnimalsReply to RudySome ImplicationsAcknowledgmentsNotesReferencesTHE EUTHANASIA OF COMPANION ANIMALSAnimals and the Human-Assisted Dying DebateAnimal Wellbeing and the Comparative AccountA Guardian’s Right to Euthanize?ConclusionReferences

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