Science Geography and International Research Collaboration
Abstract In this introductory chapter, we start by discussing the main changes in knowledge production at some established and emerging economies. Next, we focus on research networks and international collaboration factors and excellence in knowledge production. There are changing roles of world regions in the science context. A science geography map of international collaboration is presented in four research major fields: life sciences, fundamental sciences, applied sciences, and social sciences. International collaboration is accepted as a source, a copious source, to scientific productivity. It is an important driver of science dynamics around the world. Following the focus of the book, we provide a conceptual research performance framework in order to address, evaluate, and monitor collaboration and international networks, a tool for excellence in scientific production.
Keywords Science geography • Research networks • International collaboration Excellence research