Scielo and Open Access
There is hegemony in the control and evaluation of science (Aguado Lopez et al., 2008; Miguel, 2011; Packer, 2009; Packer et al., 2014). In order to overcome this situation, some databases and open access platforms emerged such a: Scielo (Scientific Electronic Library Online http:// www.scielo.org/) and Redalyc (Red de Revistas Cientificas de America Latina y el Caribe, Espana y Portugal http://www.redalyc.org/).
Scielo is a model for cooperative electronic publishing of scientific journals on the Internet, aiming to ensure visibility and universal access to scientific literature. The Scielo collections are intended to index and publish the best journals from the most research-productive countries from Latin America and the Caribbean region, in addition to Portugal, Spain, and South Africa. Scielo appeared in 1997 as a repository of the Latin American knowledge production and as a means to valorize it, allowing more visibility, transparency, and credibility. Scielo incarnates the most successful and impressive example of gold Open Assess (OA), that is, open access based on peer-reviewed publishing rather than selfarchiving. At the same time, its database acts like an open access depository and a scholarly communication tool (Packer et al., 2014).
Usually the only indicator used to evaluate the impact of research is the impact factor, provided by the Journal Citation Reports (JCR), which used a simple, popular, and controversial indicator. Realizing the dependence on the impact factor, this platform is created in Brazil by the joint work of six research agencies, including USP, CNPq, and FAPESP, with a proposal based on three main measures: (1) indexing magazines according to selective criteria, similar to international standards; (2) free online access to the full texts of articles published (this attitude is prior to the term Open Access, which was invented much later, and prior to the movement of the same name); and (3) performance evaluation based on the number of downloads of articles and citations received. Note that in 2015 it indexed 1,249 journals and 573,525 articles contributing to scientific progress with its publications in a non-English language.