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An Overview of the Aviation Industry in Malaysia
This overview provides a brief insight into the background and current developments in the aviation industry in Malaysia. In the 2014 National Budget, the Government has endorsed that a new National Aviation Policy will be adopted soon.
Scheduled air passenger and mail services in Malaya commenced in 1937, when Wearne's Air Service (WAS) began operating services between Singapore, Kuala Lumpur and Penang. The first flight, using an 8-seater de Havilland D.H.89A Dragon Rapide took place on 28 June 1937. This inaugural flight departed Singapore from the then brand-new Kallang Airport which had opened earlier in the same month on 12 June. Next to arrive on the scene was Malayan Airways Limited (MAL) incorporated in Singapore on 12 October 1937, an initiative of the Ocean Steamship Company of Liverpool, in partnership with the Straits Steamship Company  and Imperial Airways. The airline’s inaugural flight on the “Raja Udang,” with only five passengers was a charter from Kallang Airport in Singapore to Sungei Besi Airport in Kuala Lumpur, on 2 April 1947, using an Airspeed Consul twin-engined aircraft. Weekly scheduled flights then followed from Singapore to Kuala Lumpur, Ipoh and Penang from 1 May 1947 with the same aircraft type. Its services expanded in the 1940s and 1950s. In 1960, the airline launched its first long-haul international flight, to Hong Kong and thereafter several new routes were added. The airlines has had a series of name change, for example, in 1963, the airline’s name was changed, from “Malayan Airways” to “Malaysian Airlines” and then when Singapore joined the Federation of Malaya to Malaysia-Singapore
Singapore Airlines - Our History http://www.singaporeair.com/en_UK/about-us/sia-history/ accessed 22 March 2014.
Airlines. It also took over Borneo Airways. In 1966, following Singapore’s separation from the Federation, the airline’s name was changed again to Malaysia Airlines System and Singapore Airlines (SIA). By 1987, it was called Malaysia Airlines, from its original name of Malaysian Airways in 1947. The technical Regulatory Authority is the Department of Civil Aviation (DCA), Ministry of Transport Malaysia. Air Services are generally divided into Scheduled and Non-scheduled Services. The DCA processes applications to obtain an Air Service License (ASL) and Air Operators Certificate (AOC) to provide scheduled air services. As of 2012, Malaysia has bilateral Air Services Agreement with 100 countries. As a country that sits on the International Civil Aviation Organization - ICAO, Malaysia has ratified several International Conventions as follows:
The Acts and Regulations in force in Malaysia that regulate all matters relating to aviation and the usage of mobile equipment (aircraft) are as follows:
In Malaysia, aviation operators consist of two distinct groups of companies, namely:
Malaysia Airports operates 40 airports in Malaysia including the Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) hub airport while the Senai Airport Terminal Services Sdn. Bhd. operates the Johor Baru airport. The KLIA airport included the Low Cost Carrier Terminal (LCCT) which is now replaced by the KLIA2with a capacity of 45 million ppa. Following the KLIA, the next largest airports in passengers handled are Penang, Kota Kinabalu and Kuching each handling over one mppa over a similar period.
Comparison between KLIA, LCCT, and KLIA2
Malaysia Airlines once operated 118 domestic routes within Malaysia and 114 international routes across the continents. Its glorious past routes have come under scrutiny and reconsideration in Business Turn Around Plans for reasons of profitability. Air Asia has been expanding in route coverage and fleet size.
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