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A Novel SOFC Tri-generation System for Building Applications

IntroductionResearch OverviewResearch MethodologyTri-generationThe Hydrogen Economy: Challenges and OpportunitiesSummary of Thesis Aim and ObjectivesThesis StructureReferencesReview of the LiteratureIntroductionFuel Cell TechnologyLiquid Desiccant Air ConditioningOperating ProcessLiquid Desiccant Contactor DesignsLiquid Desiccant Air Conditioning Systems and PerformanceHybrid SystemsStand-Alone SystemsLiquid Desiccant Air Conditioning SummaryCombined Heat and PowerTri-generation SystemsDomestic Scale Fuel Cell Tri-generation SystemsLarge Scale Fuel Cell Tri-generation SystemsDomestic Scale Combustion Based Tri-generation SystemsLiquid Desiccant Based Tri-generation SystemsAssessment Methods for Tri-generation SystemsLiterature Review Conclusions and Impact on Trigeneration System DevelopmentReferencesLiquid Desiccant Air Conditioning System Modelling and AnalysisIntroductionDesiccant System DescriptionDesiccant Solution EvaluationPotassium Formate Solution Climatic Performance InvestigationPotassium Formate Thermophysical CharacterisationDehumidifier and Regenerator Mathematical ModelMathematical Model DescriptionHeat TransferMass TransferComputer SimulationPerformance Evaluation of Membrane Heat and Mass ExchangerModel Validation with Published Experimental DataDehumidification ValidationRegeneration ValidationValidation SummaryDehumidifier and Regenerator Parametric AnalysisDehumidifier Parametric AnalysisDehumidifier Inlet Air Relative Humidity EffectDehumidifier Inlet Air Temperature EffectDehumidifier Inlet Air Velocity EffectDehumidifier Desiccant Solution Mass Flow Rate EffectDehumidifier Desiccant Solution Mass Concentration EffectRegenerator Parametric AnalysisRegenerator Inlet Air Relative Humidity EffectRegenerator Inlet Air Temperature EffectRegenerator Desiccant Solution Mass Flow Rate EffectRegenerator Desiccant Solution Temperature EffectParametric Analysis Conclusions and Implications for Tri-generation System IntegrationConclusionsReferencesSOFC Tri-generation System Modelling and AnalysisIntroductionTri-generation System Sub Component AnalysisSolid Oxide Fuel Cell CHP SystemSOFC Model DescriptionSOFC CHP System Parametric AnalysisLiquid Desiccant Air Conditioning SystemLiquid Desiccant Air Conditioning System Parametric AnalysisTri-generation System AnalysisSpecific Tri-generation System CaseTri-generation System Parametric AnalysisTri-generation System Climatic Performance InvestigationConclusions and Implications for Experimental SystemsReferencesComponent Evaluation of a Novel Integrated Liquid Desiccant Air Conditioning System (IDCS)IntroductionIDCS Experimental Set-upInstrumentationUncertainty AnalysisExperimental MethodIDCS Results and AnalysisIDCS Dehumidifier Component AnalysisIDCS Dehumidifier Inlet Air Condition EffectIDCS Dehumidifier Volumetric Air Flow EffectIDCS Dehumidifier Component Analysis ConclusionsIDCS Regenerator Component AnalysisIDCS Regenerator Component Analysis ConclusionsComplete IDCS Performance AnalysisConclusions and IDCS Potential for Tri-generation System IntegrationReferencesComponent Evaluation of a Separate Liquid Desiccant Air Conditioning System (SDCS)IntroductionSDCS Experimental Set-upInstrumentationExperimental MethodSDCS Results and AnalysisSDCS Dehumidifier Component AnalysisSDCS Dehumidifier Inlet Air Condition EffectSDCS Dehumidifier Volumetric Air Flow EffectSDCS Dehumidifier Desiccant Solution Volumetric Flow EffectSDCS Dehumidifier Component Analysis ConclusionsSDCS Regenerator Component AnalysisSDCS Regenerator Inlet Air Condition EffectSDCS Regenerator Volumetric Air Flow EffectSDCS Regenerator Desiccant Solution Volumetric Flow EffectSDCS Regenerator Water Flow Temperature EffectSDCS Regenerator Heat Exchanger Volumetric Flow EffectComplete SDCS Performance AnalysisA Novel Tri-generation System Operating ScenarioConclusion and Implications for Tri-generation IntegrationReferencesTri-generation System Integration and EvaluationIntroductionTheoretical Tri-generation System Integration StudyExperimental Tri-generation SystemMicro-tubular SOFC CHP ComponentLiquid Desiccant Air Conditioning ComponentInstrumentationExperimental MethodExperimental Tri-generation System Results and AnalysisMicro-tubular SOFC CHP System Component AnalysisTri-generation System AnalysisConclusions and Achievement of the Thesis AimReferencesEconomic and Environmental AssessmentIntroductionEconomic AssessmentEconomic Assessment MetricsNet Present Cost (NPC)Equivalent Uniform Annual Cost (EUAC)Simple Pay-Back Period (SPBP)Economic Assessment ResultsEconomic Assessment ConclusionsEnvironmental AssessmentEnvironmental Assessment ConclusionsConclusionsReferencesIntroductionThe Degree of Completion of the Thesis Aim and ObjectivesDegree of Achievement of the Thesis ObjectivesDegree of Achievement of the Thesis AimRecommendations for Future WorkThe Thesis in a Wider ContextReferences

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